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Pablo Fanlo-Mazas, Elena Bueno-Gracia, Alazne Ruiz de Escudero-Zapico, José Miguel Tricás-Moreno and María Orosia Lucha-López

lack of flexibility of several muscles of the thigh has been documented as a possible factor contributing to PFP, 4 – 6 and it is a common finding in patients with PFPS. 7 – 9 A tight iliotibial band (ITB) can lead to laterally located patella and an abnormal patellar tracking pattern. 4 , 6 This

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Zachary M. Gillen, Lacey E. Jahn, Marni E. Shoemaker, Brianna D. McKay, Alegra I. Mendez, Nicholas A. Bohannon and Joel T. Cramer

concentric phase of the power–time tracing. Eccentric and concentric impulses were calculated as integrated areas under the eccentric and concentric force–time curves, respectively. During each visit, panoramic cross-sectional images of the quadriceps and hamstrings were taken to quantify thigh muscle cross

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Berit Steenbock, Marvin N. Wright, Norman Wirsik and Mirko Brandes

provide energy expenditure (EE) prediction models from raw accelerometry data established against indirect calorimetry, (2) to compare two linear and two machine learning models, and (3) to compare accuracy of different accelerometers placed on the hips, thigh, and wrists. Methods Study Participants To

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Fábio J. Lanferdini, Rodrigo R. Bini, Bruno M. Baroni, Kelli D. Klein, Felipe P. Carpes and Marco A. Vaz

incremental test and a familiarization with the time-to-exhaustion test were performed. In the other sessions (days 2–5), cyclists performed time-to-exhaustion tests after application of different doses of LLLT (135, 270, or 405 J/thigh) or placebo at the knee-extensor muscles, in a randomized order (Figure

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Scott E. Crouter, Paul R. Hibbing and Samuel R. LaMunion

/sec, the AG assumes the person is standing and inclination angle is ignored. In contrast, the AP is not as susceptible to confusing sitting and standing, because it is worn on the thigh, meaning the device will experience a change in incline of about 90 degrees between sitting and standing. However, the AP

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Alan K. Bourke, Espen A. F. Ihlen and Jorunn L. Helbostad

-third of the way down on the anterior aspect of the left thigh using a hydrogel patch (PALStickies ™ ). Activity classification, postural transfer detection, and steps detected by the activPAL3 were compared directly against video observations. Participants were recorded in two scenarios. The first was an

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Declan J. Ryan, Jorgen A. Wullems, Georgina K. Stebbings, Christopher I. Morse, Claire E. Stewart and Gladys L. Onambele-Pearson

affect CVD). Participants were fitted with a commercially available, dominant leg, thigh-mounted (anterior aspect, at 50% of greater trochanter to femoral condyle distance) triaxial accelerometer (GENEA, GENEActiv Original; Activinsights Ltd, Kimbolton, UK) using a waterproof adhesive patch (Tegaderm

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David Barranco-Gil, Lidia B. Alejo, Pedro L. Valenzuela, Jaime Gil-Cabrera, Almudena Montalvo-Pérez, Eduardo Talavera, Susana Moral-González, Vicente J. Clemente-Suárez and Alejandro Lucia

, respectively, during the TT. Skin Temperature Thigh skin temperature was measured at baseline, immediately after the warm-up, and after the TT, respectively, following the Thermographic Imaging in Sports and Exercise Medicine consensus statement. 18 We used a thermal imaging camera (T530; Flir Systems AB

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M. Monda, A. Goldberg, P. Smitham, M. Thornton and I. McCarthy

To study mobility in older populations it can be advantageous to use portable gait analysis systems, such as inertial measurement units (IMUs), which can be used in the community. To define a normal range, 136 active subjects were recruited with an age range of 18 to 97. Four IMUs were attached to the subjects, one on each thigh and shank. Subjects were asked to walk 10 m at their own self-selected speed. The ranges of motion of thigh, shank, and knee in both swing and stance phase were calculated, in addition to stride duration. Thigh, shank, and knee range of movement in swing and stance were significantly different only in the > 80 age group. Regressions of angle against age showed a cubic relationship. Stride duration showed a weak linear relationship with age, increasing by approximately 0.1% per year.

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Hyunjae Jeon, Melanie L. McGrath, Neal Grandgenett and Adam B. Rosen

management of symptoms and severity of PT. In addition, the current study may provide some insight for clinicians to more effectively manage the symptoms of those with more severe bouts of PT. Based on the results, during rehabilitation for PT, clinicians should target thigh musculature strengthening and