Search Results

You are looking at 51 - 60 of 416 items for :

Clear All
Restricted access

Rumit S. Kakar, Hilary B. Greenberger and Patrick O. McKeon

Context: Anterior knee pain also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome is a frequently encountered musculoskeletal disorder that worsens with activity. The multifactorial etiology of patellofemoral pain syndrome alters lower-extremity mechanics, increasing patellofemoral joint stresses during weight-bearing tasks. Kinesio and McConnell tapings are often incorporated into the treatment, but their efficacy is still unclear. Objective: To test the efficacy of Kinesio taping, McConnell taping, and sham taping in improving knee mechanics and reducing pain during activity. Design: Cross-sectional design. Setting: Clinical biomechanics laboratory. Participants: Ten participants (age: 20.3 [1.5] y, height: 169.9 [10.4] cm, and mass: 70.17 [13.1] kg) with anterior knee pain and no history of trauma. Intervention: Three trials each of squat, drop jump, and step-down tasks with 3 taping conditions in a counterbalanced order. Main Outcome Measures: Two-dimensional motion capture data of lower-extremities in frontal and sagittal planes were recorded and analyzed using 3 iPads and Spark Motion® application. Pooled effect sizes (Hedges’ g), 95% confidence intervals, and repeated-measures analysis of variance (P < .05) compared baseline and taping conditions during exercises for pain Visual Analog Scale and knee flexion in all exercises, hip abduction during step-down and drop jump, frontal plane projection during step-downs, and knee translation in sagittal plane during squats. Results: Significant reductions in Visual Analog Scale were recorded during squats between tapes (F 2.505,12.867 = 3.407, P = .04, Hedges’ g = −0.70). Pairwise comparison showed a decrease in Visual Analog Scale for sham taping (mean difference = 1.14 cm, P = .01) and Kinesio taping (mean difference = 1.54 cm, P = .02) compared with baseline during squats. Conclusions: A variety of taping methods can potentially reduce perceived pain in individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome, allowing clinicians to perform rehabilitation exercises. Sensory effects associated with short-term taping may be sufficient enough to modify knee pain acutely by afferent input blocking nocioceptive pain before the participants could adapt. Most interestingly, the sham taping technique demonstrated promise for enhancing functional outcomes, depending on the length of the tape and area covered.

Restricted access

Brandon C. Platt, Sue Falsone and Kenneth C. Lam,

purpose of this case study is to review evaluation for and diagnosis of an acute testicular fracture in a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I baseball catcher. Literature indicates that blunt force scrotal trauma accounts for less than 1% of all trauma-related injuries. 1 Bieniek

Restricted access

Christine C. Center, Samuel J. Wilkins, Ross Mathiasen and Adam B. Rosen

outcome. Approximately 1.1 million athletes play high school football each year in the United States. 1 The risk of injury related to physical activity is inherent, however, each year approximately four deaths due to brain trauma occur in football athletes. 2 Although rule changes in 1976 decreased the

Open access

Viviane Ribeiro de Ávila, Teresa Bento, Wellington Gomes, José Leitão and Nelson Fortuna de Sousa

total number of participants involved in the 5 studies, but the study by Obremskey et al 26 did not report the gender distribution of its sample. A total of 267 fractures were found, with 81% classified according to the AO Foundation and Orthopaedic Trauma Association 21 , 27 , 28 and 19% according to

Restricted access

Kacey C. Neely, John G.H. Dunn, Tara-Leigh F. McHugh and Nicholas L. Holt

athletes’ experiences of positive growth following deselection; that is, “getting cut” from a competitive sport team based on the decisions of a coach ( Neely, Dunn, McHugh, & Holt, 2016 ). From a clinical perspective, trauma is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as

Restricted access

5 5 23 23 26 26 10.1123/att.1.5.23 Sport Related Ocular Trauma John H. Abrams MD, FACS 9 1996 1 1 5 5 31 31 34 34 10.1123/att.1.5.31 Smokeless Tobacco: Current Trends and Future Implications Susan E. Hannam HSD, ATC, CHES 9 1996 1 1 5 5 35 35 39 39 10.1123/att.1.5.35 Rehabilitation Adherence: Do

Restricted access

Translational Science: An Opportunity for Rehabilitation Scientists Thomas H. Kelly * Carl G. Mattacola * 11 2010 19 4 369 379 10.1123/jsr.19.4.369 Original Research Reports Progression of Secondary Injury After Musculoskeletal Trauma—A Window of Opportunity? Mark A. Merrick * Nicole M. McBrier * 11

Restricted access

.1123/jcsp.2018-0054 jcsp.2018-0054 Sexual Assault on College Campuses: What Sport Psychology Practitioners Need to Know Kendahl Shortway * Marina Oganesova * Andrew Vincent * 13 2 196 215 10.1123/jcsp.2018-0053 jcsp.2018-0053 #MeToo and Yoga: Guidance for Clinicians Referring to Trauma-Informed Yoga

Restricted access

, MEd, ATC, LAT Lindsey E. Eberman * PhD, LAT, ACT Leamor Kahanov * EdD, LAT, ATC Moti Kahanov * Adam Yoder * DPT, ATC 11 2011 16 16 6 6 34 34 37 37 10.1123/ijatt.16.6.34 Clinical Evaluation Clinical Prediction Rules for Diagnostic Imaging After Lower Extremity Trauma Patrick McKeon PhD, ATC

Restricted access

14 14 1 1 Editorial Access to Relevant Information is Essential for Success in Problem Solving Gary B. Wilkerson EdD, ATC 1 2009 14 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 10.1123/att.14.1.1 Therapeutic Modalities Cryotherapy and Intermittent Pneumatic Compression for Soft Tissue Trauma Tricia Hubbard PhD, ATC Susan G