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Yuji Matsuda, Yoshihisa Sakurai, Keita Akashi and Yasuyuki Kubo

practical estimation methods for the CoM velocity in swimming direction during front crawl swimming with underwater cameras and to validate these methods against the CoM velocity as calculated using the segmental method (ie, the gold standard method). Methods Procedure Ten competitive swimmers participated

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Ghazaleh Azizpour, Matteo Lancini, Giovanni Incerti, Paolo Gaffurini and Giovanni Legnani

intended for performing experimental tests. (B) An artificial arm mechanism installed on the handbike for method validation. The marker positions are displayed. Kinematics of the upper limbs was directly obtained by a 2-camera motion capture system (SMART-DX100), made by BTS Bioengineering (Milan, Italy

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Serkan Usgu, Günseli Usgu, Fatma Uygur and Yavuz Yakut

. If this change was less than these MCD values, we cannot conclude that athlete’s function has significantly improved after treatment. The FAAM-T MDC values were higher than the values reported for the English version (ADL MDC: 5.7; Sport MDC: 12.3) and other validation studies. 14 , 32 , 34 These

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John de Grosbois and Luc Tremblay

by the presence of a significant aftereffect in the final block completed without TF. That is, the presence of such aftereffects can be confidently interpreted as evidence for significant offline prism adaptation (e.g., Redding & Wallace, 2008 ). Also, a validation of the influence of online vision

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Bailey Peck, Timothy Renzi, Hannah Peach, Jane Gaultney and Joseph S. Marino

–7 times per week]). A validation study of this instrument found symptoms of sleep apnea loaded on a single factor (MAP Index 1; average frequency of loud snoring, breathing cessation, and snorting/gasping) and had good test–retest reliability ( r  = .92). 15 Predictive ability was assessed using receiver

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Katrina G. Ritter, Matthew J. Hussey and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod

Clinical Bottom Line There is moderate evidence to support subsymptomatic aerobic exercise as a treatment of PCS; therefore, it should be considered as a clinical option for reducing PCS and prolonged concussion symptoms. Clinicians should use a previously validated protocol to determine subsymptomatic

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Nicole C. George, Charles Kahelin, Timothy A. Burkhart and David M. Andrews

, tissue mass prediction equations for the upper 12 and lower 14 extremities have been developed from simple surface anthropometric measurements (lengths, circumferences, breadths, skinfolds) and validated against the actual tissue masses provided by DXA. These regression equations allow for the

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Stephan R. Fisher, Justin H. Rigby, Joni A. Mettler and Kevin W. McCurdy

session. There continues to be widespread use of cryotherapy techniques postexercise despite inconsistencies in the literature validating its effectiveness. Cryotherapy decreases the tissue metabolic rate, 14 promotes superficial vasoconstriction, 15 decreases vascular permeability, 16 and leads to

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Natalia Romero-Franco, Juan Antonio Montaño-Munuera, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez and Pedro Jiménez-Reyes

. More recently, authors have considered low-cost instruments like the inclinometer that may be used in field conditions to assess the JPS in a more clinician-friendly way. 7 , 9 , 10 Previous studies have validated this methodology to assess the JPS in shoulder rotations and knee extension and flexion

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Joseph B. Lesnak, Dillon T. Anderson, Brooke E. Farmer, Dimitrios Katsavelis and Terry L. Grindstaff

different testing methods was determined using a Pearson product–moment correlation coefficient. Linear regression was used to develop a prediction equation, and Bland–Altman plots with limits of agreement calculations were used to validate the prediction equation. The sample was randomly divided evenly