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Jaehun Jung, Willie Leung, Bridgette Marie Schram and Joonkoo Yun

The benefits of engaging in physical activity have been well documented. Physical activity reduces cardiometabolic risk factors, depression ( Bassuk & Manson, 2005 ; Herring, Puetz, O’Connor, & Dishman, 2012 ), and risk of 13 types of cancers ( Moore et al., 2016 ). It also improves blood pressure

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Collin A. Webster, Judith E. Rink, Russell L. Carson, Jongho Moon and Karen Lux Gaudreault

introduced the comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) model. A CSPAP was conceptualized as an approach to leveraging the full range of resources needed to meet two broad goals: to achieve the educational (i.e., academic standards-aligned) outcomes espoused for physical education and to

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Esra Uzelpasaci, Türkan Akbayrak, Serap Özgül, Ceren Orhan, Emine Baran, Gülbala Nakip, Sinan Beksac and Semra Topuz

Physical activity is a very important and complex behavior that plays a role in the development of health and prevention of diseases. 1 Physical activity starting before pregnancy and continuing during pregnancy has a positive effect on the additional metabolic stress caused by pregnancy, while it

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Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Maria I. Maraki, Eleni Karfopoulou, Yannis Koutras, Stavrie Chrysostomou, Costas A. Anastasiou, Stavros A. Kavouras and Mary Yannakoulia

Recent guidelines strongly recommend high levels of physical activity for retaining weight loss and mitigating weight regain. 1 , 2 Existing evidence suggests that successful postdieters more or less abide by this guidance: maintainers exercise for 30 to 60 minutes per day 3 , 4 and engage in

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Nicholas W. Baumgartner, Anne M. Walk, Caitlyn G. Edwards, Alicia R. Covello, Morgan R. Chojnacki, Ginger E. Reeser, Andrew M. Taylor, Hannah D. Holscher and Naiman A. Khan

There is a growing public health burden of physical inactivity across the globe. 1 Daily life is characterized by decreased opportunities for physical activity along with the abundant supply of energy-dense and nutritionally poor foods. This is particularly evident in western societies, such as

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Peter T. Katzmarzyk and Caitlin Mason

Physical activity is important for the prevention of chronic disease morbidity and mortality, and the lack of adequate levels of physical activity represents a growing public health burden around the world. The purpose of this report is to introduce the concept of the “Physical Activity Transition” and to explore the potential effects that declining physical activity levels may play on health and life expectancy as countries undergo economic and demographic changes. Physical activity is related to mortality rates in humans, and the available evidence suggests that the adoption of a lifestyle characterized by lower levels of physical activity will attenuate the expected gains in life expectancy associated with the epidemiological transition. Advances in the measurement of physical activity at work, in the home, for transport, and in leisure time in a wide variety of populations will be integral to advancing the current understanding of how macro-level factors shape physical activity patterns and patterns of morbidity and mortality.

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Hayley Guiney, Michael Keall and Liana Machado

The world’s aging population has stimulated the need to investigate ‘everyday’ activities that can prolong independence and reduce the impact of aging on health systems and people’s quality of life ( World Health Organization, 2015 ). One example is physical activity, for which the benefits for

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René van Bavel, Gabriele Esposito, Tom Baranowski and Néstor Duch-Brown

Increased levels of moderate and vigorous physical activity (PA) are beneficial for the general population, and therefore, recommended by public health institutions ( Department of Health and Human Services, 2008 ; World Health Organization, 2010 ). However, because getting people to be physically

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Nicola D. Ridgers, Karen E. Lamb, Anna Timperio, Helen Brown and Jo Salmon

Childhood is a critical age for establishing health behaviors that provide important benefits to both short- and long-term physical, mental, and social health. 1 Higher levels of physical activity during childhood, for example, are associated with positive mental health and cognitive development

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Donna L. Goodwin and Amanda Ebert

Physical activity programs for youth extend beyond school-based opportunities (physical education, intramurals, and recess) to encompass family, neighborhood, and community programs ( Beets, Wallner, & Beighle, 2010 ; Kohl & Cook, 2013 ). Community-based after-school programs, those that are not