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Jeroen de Bruijn, Henk van der Worp, Mark Korte, Astrid de Vries, Rick Nijland and Michel Brink

Soccer and injury are inseparably linked together. A professional soccer player sustains on average 2 injuries every season, thereby missing 37 days each season (ie, about 12%). 1 We can also find high injury rates in amateur soccer. In Dutch amateur soccer, 60.1 percent of 274 players got injured

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Michael Girdwood, Liam West, David Connell and Peter Brukner

previously unreported case of a contact-related strain of QF, OE, and inferior gemellus in an amateur ARF athlete. Case Report A male amateur Australian rules footballer (age: 21 y; height: 178 cm; weight: 74 kg) was injured during match play after being tackled and slung into the ground (informed consent

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Sophie Speariett and Ross Armstrong

injuries highly prevalent among both amateur and professional golfers. 54 , 56 – 59 Therefore, there is a need to balance potential performance benefits against injury risk. GSFMS Element Score and Golf Performance Variables The finding of a negative correlation between torso rotation and handicap and a

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Simon A. Feros, Warren B. Young and Brendan J. O’Brien

sensitivity indicated the ability of a measure to detect small but important changes in performance. 7 Methods Subjects Thirteen male amateur community-standard pace bowlers (mean ± SD age 22.8 ± 5.6 y, weight 80.2 ± 11.9 kg, height 1.82 ± 0.07 m) from the Ballarat Cricket Association (A- and B-grade standard

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Marvin Washington and Marc J. Ventresca

The prominence of collegiate athletics in amateur athletics is a historically specific outcome. Research in institutional theory is extended by developing an institutional-conflict-based approach to studying institutional changes of U.S. collegiate athletics. Available secondary sources and extensive original data demonstrate how the NCAA came to dominate the governance structure of U.S. amateur basketball. Discourse about the NCAA came to represent the dominant discourse in amateur basketball, and colleges and universities eliminated the noncolleges and nonuniversities from their play schedules. The NCAA developed a set of institutional strategies aimed at increasing its power in U.S. basketball. An institutional-conflict-based approach is useful for analyzing changes in the institutional structure of sports and demonstrates how governance systems and institutional conflicts impact organizational actions. Sport policy makers and managers should consider the historical context and institutional environment of their sport when making decisions.

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Pedro Jiménez-Reyes, Amador García-Ramos, Victor Cuadrado-Peñafiel, Juan A. Párraga-Montilla, José A. Morcillo-Losa, Pierre Samozino and Jean-Benoît Morin

between players of different sexes competing at the same level. To address these research gaps, we evaluated the sprint mechanical F–V profile of men and women who were competing at different levels (from elite to amateur) in soccer and futsal. Specifically, the main aim of the present study was to

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Annelies Knoppers and Anton Anthonissen

This article focuses on the dominant meanings given by coaches and managers to “performance” in Dutch (amateur) sport clubs and how such meanings contribute to organizational processes related to (the intersection of) gender and race/ethnicity. We use the results of six studies conducted in (amateur) sport organizations in the Netherlands for this discussion/exploration. We argue that the relatively slow increase in the number of women and ethnic minorities in leadership positions can in part be explained by the dominant meanings given to “performance.” We also show how the salience of the intersection between gender and race/ethnicity is situation-specific.

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Tara K. Scanlan, David G. Russell, T. Michelle Magyar and Larry A. Scanlan

The Sport Commitment Model was further tested using the Scanlan Collaborative Interview Method to examine its generalizability to New Zealand’s elite female amateur netball team, the Silver Ferns. Results supported or clarified Sport Commitment Model predictions, revealed avenues for model expansion, and elucidated the functions of perceived competence and enjoyment in the commitment process. A comparison and contrast of the in-depth interview data from the Silver Ferns with previous interview data from a comparable elite team of amateur male athletes allowed assessment of model external validity, tested the generalizability of the underlying mechanisms, and separated gender differences from discrepancies that simply reflected team or idiosyncratic differences.

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Adam Jones, Richard Page, Chris Brogden, Ben Langley and Matt Greig

quantified in terms of distance covered. Additional outcome measures in rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and a visual analog scale (VAS) measure of lower-limb muscle soreness were also recorded to reflect the perceptual influence of playing surface. Participants Fifteen amateur male soccer players (22

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Peter J. Whalley, Chey G. Dearing and Carl D. Paton

performance. The study also determined the reproducibility of caffeine effects along with examining any relationship between athlete ability and the magnitude of caffeine’s ergogenic effect. Methods Sixteen amateur runners initially volunteered to participate in this study. All runners gave their written