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Kamiel Reid and Christine Dallaire

stereotypes our participants evoked when describing their experiences and to their effects as discursive subjects that sustain the gendered construction of the “soccer referee” and generate ideological and discursive barriers the women had to overcome in order to persist in their role as match officials

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John D. Fair

When two hearts are entwined, Venus won’t be denied, hand in hand we will find love can change the stars. (Athena) As Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in baseball, I broke the physique barrier in show business. (Steve Reeves) 1 The visual impact of physically-endowed actors in movies can be

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Karen McCormack

fetishization of risk and danger, alongside the commitment of time and money required for many action sports, have led to a pool of participants that is predominantly white, middle-class, and male ( Wheaton, 2004 ). The disproportionate participation of men can create a barrier to women’s participation

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Kim Toffoletti, Catherine Palmer and Sumaya Samie

, production, dissemination and exchange of academic scholarship is but one example of the significant institutional barriers to advancing the diversity of knowledge forms and sources beyond Northern perspectives ( Kim, 2013 ). Our own experience of seeking contributions for this special issue brought such

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Dawn Heinecken

is also no discussion of how her career might have been different had she not enjoyed such workplace flexibility. In fact, research shows that the need to balance work and family is a key barrier affecting women in coaching ( LaVoi & Dutove, 2012 ). Female coaches who lack administrative support and

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Tricia D. McGuire-Adams and Audrey R. Giles

the attitudes, beliefs, and practices of physical activity among First Nations women, found that while participants believed physical activity is important for good health, lack of time, lack of community opportunities, and environmental factors are barriers to them practicing physical activity

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Mark Norman, Katelyn Esmonde and Courtney Szto

includes some critical reflections on the unique challenges to conducting public sociology in sport settings. Scholars may face barriers due to the unique social structures found in many sport subcultures, which frequently feature members (e.g., athletes, coaches, etc.) and gatekeepers (e.g., media members

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Paulette Stevenson

. While the Saudi government was happy to mildly support Attar for helping them cleanse their image, Saudi traditionalism still relies on an image of Saudi women as pious, submissive women. As she travels back to the US, Attar’s barrier-breaking performance loses its connection to Saudi Arabia and in the

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Noora J. Ronkainen, Amanda Shuman and Lin Xu

nature of running culture, gender inequality is naturalized in distance running (i.e., the ideal runner is a male), and female bodies are constructed as barriers to achievement. Overcoming these barriers was an individual responsibility within a discourse that presumed running as an equal opportunity

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Kathryn Henne and Madeleine Pape

, including women of Pacific heritage, worked closely with local groups to identify barriers to participation among women ages 15 to 45 and to develop outreach strategies to assuage community concerns and counteract social stigma around adult, particularly married, women’s participation ( Australian