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Sungwan Kim, Daeho Kim and Jihong Park

compensatory movement strategies, 13 which may affect long-term joint and cartilage health, and finally lead to greater risk for knee osteoarthritis. 14 In addition, knee joint proprioceptive deficits are involved with abnormal neural driving of sensory input and motor control. 4 In this regard, impaired

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Yuya Ueda, Takehiko Matsushita, Yohei Shibata, Kohei Takiguchi, Akihiro Kida, Daisuke Araki, Noriyuki Kanzaki, Yuichi Hoshino, Rei Ono, Yoshitada Sakai and Ryosuke Kuroda

.1) .01 0.03 Surgical technique (DB) 301 (71.7%) 384 (72.1%) .90 – Meniscus injury (yes) 183 (43.6%) 255 (47.8%) .19 – Cartilage injury (yes) 47 (11.2%) 54 (10.1%) .60 – Quadriceps strength index, %  Preoperative 69.4 (21.2) – – –  3 mo 64.7 (17.4) – – –  6 mo 80.4 (16.4) – – –  12 mo 88.7 (15

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Gulcan Harput, Volga B. Tunay and Matthew P. Ithurburn

physical therapy program (missing no more than 3 sessions in total). We specified a preinjury Tegner activity level of ≥5 to include only physically active individuals in the study. Exclusion criteria for the study included (1) revision ACLR, (2) ACLR with multiligament or cartilage repair, (3) systemic or

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Tsuyoshi Saida, Masayuki Kawada, Daijiro Kuroki, Yuki Nakai, Takasuke Miyazaki, Ryoji Kiyama and Yasuhiro Tsuneyoshi

.A. , Birmingham , T.B. , Bryant , D. , Jones , I. , Giffin , J.R. , Jenkyn , T.R. , & Vandervoort , A.A. ( 2008 ). Lateral trunk lean explains variation in dynamic knee joint load in patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis . Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 16 ( 5 ), 591 – 599 . PubMed

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Rachel R. Kleis, Janet E. Simon, Michael Turner, Luzita I. Vela, Abbey C. Thomas and Phillip A. Gribble

): 739 – 744 . PubMed ID: 17106388 doi: 10.1097/01.bot.0000246468.80635.ef 17106388 17. Muthuri SG , McWilliams DF , Doherty M , Zhang W . History of knee injuries and knee osteoarthritis: a meta-analysis of observational studies . Osteoarthritis Cartilage . 2011 ; 19 ( 11 ): 1286 – 1293

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Sarah C. Moudy, Neale A. Tillin, Amy R. Sibley and Siobhán Strike

balance recovery, 56 such as that seen in sporting movements, by rapid stabilization of the lower limb joints. Without stabilization, the joints could move into injurious positions (eg, reduced knee joint flexion) placing the load demand onto the cartilage. 57 However, in the current study, the intact

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AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Morteza Madadi-Shad, Christopher McCrum and Kiros Karamanidis

-degree change toward the valgus direction, an annual reduction of 23.4 mm 3 in the total patella cartilage volume can be seen ( Teichtahl, Wluka, & Cicuttini, 2008 ). In adults aged from 50 to 79 years, valgus malalignment has shown a high association with an increased future risk of bone marrow lesions in the

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Zac Kershaw, Ariana Moran and Julie Cavallario

, osteoarthritis, damaged glenohumeral cartilage, trauma cases, or any other bony pathologies. Exclusion criteria: Subjects with history of stroke having residual upper-extremity involvement, diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, rotator cuff tear, surgical stabilization of the shoulder, osteoporosis

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Damien Moore, Tania Pizzari, Jodie McClelland and Adam I. Semciw

, Pizzari T , English DJ , Kapakoulakis T , Green RA . Hip abductor muscle volume in hip osteoarthritis and matched controls . Osteoarthritis Cartilage . 2016 ; 24 ( 10 ): 1727 – 1735 . PubMed ID: 27163446 doi:10.1016/j.joca.2016.05.002 27163446 10.1016/j.joca.2016.05.002 5. Ganderton C

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Seung-uk Ko, Gerald J. Jerome, Eleanor M. Simonsick, Stephanie Studenski and Luigi Ferrucci

.J. , Levenston , M.E. , Jin , M. , & Frank , E.H. ( 2000 ). Cartilage tissue remodeling in response to mechanical forces . Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, 2 , 691 – 713 . 10.1146/annurev.bioeng.2.1.691 Javaid , M.K. , Kiran , A. , Guermazi , A. , Kwoh , C.K. , Zaim , S. , Carbone