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Cadeyrn J. Gaskin, Melinda Craike, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Kerry S. Courneya and Patricia M. Livingston


The ENGAGE (efficacy of a referral and physical activity program for survivors of prostate cancer) study established that a clinician referral and 12-week exercise training program increased vigorous physical activity at 12 weeks among men with prostate cancer. Here, we report the 6- and 12-month outcomes.


In this multicenter cluster randomized controlled trial, we compared a clinician referral and exercise training program to usual care. Discounted gym membership was offered to men in the intervention condition on completion of the 12-week exercise program. Self-reported physical activity at 6 and 12 months was the primary outcome. Quality of life, anxiety, and depressive symptoms were secondary outcomes.


A total of 147 men meeting eligibility criteria agreed to participate (54 intervention, 93 control). A positive interaction effect for vigorous physical activity was observed at 6 months, but not 12 months. No significant effects for the secondary outcomes were found.


A clinician referral and community-based supervised and unsupervised exercise training program, along with discounted gym membership, had a positive short-term effect on vigorous physical activity levels, but did not improve quality of life, in men with prostate cancer.

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Linda Lin, Richard P. Halgin, Arnold D. Well and Ira Ockene

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Hiroko Kukihara, Niwako Yamawaki, Michiyo Ando, Yoshiko Tamura, Kumi Arita and Emiko Nakashima

morale may reduce the risk of depression and increase their physical and mental well-being. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of such psychological factors, namely, resilience (a personality characteristic that enhances individual adaptation and positively

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Yara Fidelix, Mara C. Lofrano-Prado, Leonardo S. Fortes, James O. Hill, Ann E. Caldwell, João P. Botero and Wagner L. do Prado

adaptability, bad behavior, and behavior disorder problems compared with eutrophic pairs. 2 , 3 Some psychological aspects such as low self-esteem, 2 depression, 4 anxiety, 5 and suicidal thoughts 6 have a significant influence on mental health and the quality of life of adolescents with obesity. Aerobic

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Diego Munguia-Izquierdo, Carmen Mayolas-Pi, Carlos Peñarrubia-Lozano, Federico Paris-Garcia, Javier Bueno-Antequera, Miguel Angel Oviedo-Caro and Alejandro Legaz-Arrese

disturbance, use of sleeping medications, and daytime dysfunction. These component scores are then summed to yield a global score, ranging from 0 to 21, with higher scores indicating worse sleep quality. Psychological Symptoms: Depression and Anxiety We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale 21 to

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Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, James F. Sallis, Justine Nabanoba, David Basangwa, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sandra S. Kasoma, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys and James Mugisha

role in preventing mental health problems in LMICs. Robust evidence demonstrates that higher levels of physical activity have a protective effect against the emergence of mental health problems, such as depression in youth (adjusted odds ratio = 0.90; 95% confidence interval, 0.83–0.98), adults

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Rachel G. Curtis, Dorothea Dumuid, Timothy Olds, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Jillian Ryan, Sarah Edney and Carol Maher

fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety. 1 In contrast, sedentary behavior is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, and depression. 2 , 3 Both short and long sleep durations are also associated with an increased risk of adverse physical and mental

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Sarah Edney, Tim Olds, Jillian Ryan, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Rachel Curtis and Carol Maher

further education, and university degree]); weight and height (from which body mass index [BMI] was calculated); the presence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress measured using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) 52 ; and self-reported weekly MVPA assessed by the Active

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Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Mats Hallgren, Andreas Lundin, James Mugisha and Ai Koyanagi

different chronic diseases ( Connor et al., 2016 ). Older adults are at an even greater risk for somatic comorbidities ( Vancampfort, Koyanagi, Ward, et al., 2017 ), harmful drug interactions, injury, depression, memory problems, cognitive impairments, and sleep problems that can all be induced by regular

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Bethany Alice Jones, Emma Haycraft, Walter Pierre Bouman and Jon Arcelus

also been found to alleviate mental health problems, particularly depression and anxiety. 3 – 7 In light of this, physical activity may be beneficial for populations that are vulnerable to mental health problems. One of these vulnerable populations is transgender people who experience incongruence