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Patrick Abi Nader, Lina Majed, Susan Sayegh, Lama Mattar, Ruba Hadla, Marie Claire Chamieh, Carla Habib Mourad, Elie-Jacques Fares, Zeina Hawa and Mathieu Bélanger

Among Middle Eastern countries, Lebanon is considered a high developing country (high development index = 0.763) and uses 3.0% of its total gross domestic product on public health expenditure. 7 By 2020, Lebanon is expected to have a population greater than 6 million, a population density of 588

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Chunxiao Li, Ngai Kiu Wong, Raymond K.W. Sum and Chung Wah Yu

( Hong Kong Education Bureau, 2016 ), which is similar to the overall prevalence of ASD in developed countries ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014 ; Taylor, Jick, & Maclaughlin, 2013 ). Students with ASD in Hong Kong may attend either special or mainstream schools. In general, those with

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Peng Zhang, Jung Eun Lee, David F. Stodden and Zan Gao

among children in both developed and developing countries. 17 , 19 Despite increasing empirical evidence concerning time segment differences in children’s PA during weekdays and weekends, correlates and determines of PA in children have not been explored adequately. For example, data focused on

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Pasmore Malambo, Andre P. Kengne, Estelle V. Lambert, Anniza De Villiers and Thandi Puoane

relationship. Our findings are in agreement with some existing studies 41 but not all. 42 One possible explanation of the variation in findings is that some studies have been conducted in developed countries, urban cities than rural settings which have different quality of aesthetics. Thus, individuals in

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Yongwoo Lee, Wonjae Choi, Kyeongjin Lee, Changho Song and Seungwon Lee

more than 65 years is increasing more rapidly compared with other developed countries; the percentage of adults in Korea aged older than 65 years was 5.1% in 1990 and 11% in 2010 and is projected to be 37.4% in 2050 ( Seo, 2009 ). These days, a high quality of life as well as longevity is considered

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Johan Pelssers, Emalie Hurkmans, Jeroen Scheerder, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Steven Vos, Tim Smits and Filip Boen

For decades, life expectancy has increased steadily in developed countries ( World Health Organization, 2006 ). Consequently, the number of older adults will increase accordingly. Aging is associated with higher risks of chronic disorders. Studies have shown that a sufficient level of physical

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Katherine Reta Devonshire-Gill and Kevin Ian Norton

designed to assess PA engagement comprehensively in these domains via a more relevant format, particularly for developing countries where patterns of energy expenditure differ from high-income countries. 19 Since their inception, these 2 standardized self-report tools have been widely used to monitor

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Xavier García-Massó, Adrià Marco-Ahulló, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Julio Álvarez-Pitti and Jose-Luis Bermejo

Overweight and obese children have now become a public health problem both in European countries and in other developed countries ( Ahrens et al., 2014 ). Lobstein et al. ( 2015 ) have shown that in about 30 years in the United States, the body mass of each child has increased by 5 kg on average

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André Luiz Galvim, Isabela Martins Oliveira, Tatiane Vieira Martins, Leonardo Moreira Vieira, Natália Caroline Cerri, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Renata Valle Pedroso and Grace Angélica de Oliveira Gomes

intervention process, and to contribute to the management of the health service. We couldn’t find other Brazilian studies to compare with the data of this study. This is probably because PA intervention monitoring is still very recent in Brazil compared with developed countries such as the United States. 35

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Xihe Zhu and Justin A. Haegele

the pandemic of obesity in developing countries . Nutrition Reviews, 70 , 3 – 21 . PubMed ID: 22221213 doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00456.x 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00456.x Raudenbush , S.W. , & Bryk , A.S. ( 2002 ). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods