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Patrick Abi Nader, Lina Majed, Susan Sayegh, Lama Mattar, Ruba Hadla, Marie Claire Chamieh, Carla Habib Mourad, Elie-Jacques Fares, Zeina Hawa and Mathieu Bélanger

Among Middle Eastern countries, Lebanon is considered a high developing country (high development index = 0.763) and uses 3.0% of its total gross domestic product on public health expenditure. 7 By 2020, Lebanon is expected to have a population greater than 6 million, a population density of 588

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Ellen Freiberger, Elisabeth Rydwik, Astrid Chorus, Erwin Tak, Christophe Delecluse, Federico Schena, Nina Waaler, Bob Laventure and Nico van Meeteren

multiple approaches and strategies. Challenge: A Shift of Focus on Health and Functioning Alongside these developments, functioning (as conceptualized by WHO 2002 ; Heerkens et al., 2017 )—besides health—has, in recent years, become all the more important in Western and developing countries. This focus

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James W. Navalta, Jeffrey Montes, Nathaniel G. Bodell, Charli D. Aguilar, Ana Lujan, Gabriela Guzman, Brandi K. Kam, Jacob W. Manning and Mark DeBeliso

Obesity is a large issue facing the United States and other developed countries. The percentage of the American population that is at a healthy weight is reported to be at only 30.8%, and Healthy People 2020 has the targeted goal of increasing that percentage to 33.9% ( National Center for Health

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Daniël M. van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J. de Ruiter, Natasja M. van Schoor, Dorly J.H. Deeg and Kaj S. Emanuel

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) represents an increasing burden in developed countries ( Arden & Nevitt, 2006 ). Progression of knee OA is usually assessed using radiographic scores such as the Kellgren & Lawrence scale (K&L-score) ( Kellgren & Lawrence, 1957 ). Radiographic scores correlate to some

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Pasmore Malambo, Andre P. Kengne, Estelle V. Lambert, Anniza De Villiers and Thandi Puoane

relationship. Our findings are in agreement with some existing studies 41 but not all. 42 One possible explanation of the variation in findings is that some studies have been conducted in developed countries, urban cities than rural settings which have different quality of aesthetics. Thus, individuals in

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Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, James F. Sallis, Justine Nabanoba, David Basangwa, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sandra S. Kasoma, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys and James Mugisha

-reported sitting time in patients with schizophrenia: a pilot study . Psychiatry Res . 2014 ; 215 ( 1 ): 33 – 38 . PubMed ID: 24295763 doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2013.11.011 24295763 10.1016/j.psychres.2013.11.011 30. Day K . Physical environment correlates of physical activity in developing countries: a review

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André Luiz Galvim, Isabela Martins Oliveira, Tatiane Vieira Martins, Leonardo Moreira Vieira, Natália Caroline Cerri, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Renata Valle Pedroso and Grace Angélica de Oliveira Gomes

intervention process, and to contribute to the management of the health service. We couldn’t find other Brazilian studies to compare with the data of this study. This is probably because PA intervention monitoring is still very recent in Brazil compared with developed countries such as the United States. 35

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Johan Pelssers, Emalie Hurkmans, Jeroen Scheerder, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Steven Vos, Tim Smits and Filip Boen

For decades, life expectancy has increased steadily in developed countries ( World Health Organization, 2006 ). Consequently, the number of older adults will increase accordingly. Aging is associated with higher risks of chronic disorders. Studies have shown that a sufficient level of physical

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Peng Zhang, Jung Eun Lee, David F. Stodden and Zan Gao

among children in both developed and developing countries. 17 , 19 Despite increasing empirical evidence concerning time segment differences in children’s PA during weekdays and weekends, correlates and determines of PA in children have not been explored adequately. For example, data focused on

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Kasper Salin, Mikko Huhtiniemi, Anthony Watt, Harto Hakonen and Timo Jaakkola

Research has detailed that insufficient levels of physical activity (PA) and excessive levels of sedentary time (ST) have become a major concern in developed countries. 1 , 2 As a result of insufficient PA and excessive calorie intake, the obesity epidemic among children has become a crucial major