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Patrick Abi Nader, Lina Majed, Susan Sayegh, Lama Mattar, Ruba Hadla, Marie Claire Chamieh, Carla Habib Mourad, Elie-Jacques Fares, Zeina Hawa and Mathieu Bélanger

Among Middle Eastern countries, Lebanon is considered a high developing country (high development index = 0.763) and uses 3.0% of its total gross domestic product on public health expenditure. 7 By 2020, Lebanon is expected to have a population greater than 6 million, a population density of 588

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James W. Navalta, Jeffrey Montes, Nathaniel G. Bodell, Charli D. Aguilar, Ana Lujan, Gabriela Guzman, Brandi K. Kam, Jacob W. Manning and Mark DeBeliso

Obesity is a large issue facing the United States and other developed countries. The percentage of the American population that is at a healthy weight is reported to be at only 30.8%, and Healthy People 2020 has the targeted goal of increasing that percentage to 33.9% ( National Center for Health

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Pasmore Malambo, Andre P. Kengne, Estelle V. Lambert, Anniza De Villiers and Thandi Puoane

relationship. Our findings are in agreement with some existing studies 41 but not all. 42 One possible explanation of the variation in findings is that some studies have been conducted in developed countries, urban cities than rural settings which have different quality of aesthetics. Thus, individuals in

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Xavier García-Massó, Adrià Marco-Ahulló, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Julio Álvarez-Pitti and Jose-Luis Bermejo

Overweight and obese children have now become a public health problem both in European countries and in other developed countries ( Ahrens et al., 2014 ). Lobstein et al. ( 2015 ) have shown that in about 30 years in the United States, the body mass of each child has increased by 5 kg on average

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Karen Tonge, Rachel A. Jones and Anthony D. Okely

track into childhood and beyond, providing long-term health benefits. 2 In developed countries, a large proportion of young children attend some type of early childhood education and care (ECEC) center for extended periods. 3 For example, more than half of children in the United States spend an average

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Johan Pelssers, Emalie Hurkmans, Jeroen Scheerder, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Steven Vos, Tim Smits and Filip Boen

For decades, life expectancy has increased steadily in developed countries ( World Health Organization, 2006 ). Consequently, the number of older adults will increase accordingly. Aging is associated with higher risks of chronic disorders. Studies have shown that a sufficient level of physical

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Kasper Salin, Mikko Huhtiniemi, Anthony Watt, Harto Hakonen and Timo Jaakkola

Research has detailed that insufficient levels of physical activity (PA) and excessive levels of sedentary time (ST) have become a major concern in developed countries. 1 , 2 As a result of insufficient PA and excessive calorie intake, the obesity epidemic among children has become a crucial major

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Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, James F. Sallis, Justine Nabanoba, David Basangwa, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sandra S. Kasoma, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys and James Mugisha

-reported sitting time in patients with schizophrenia: a pilot study . Psychiatry Res . 2014 ; 215 ( 1 ): 33 – 38 . PubMed ID: 24295763 doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2013.11.011 24295763 10.1016/j.psychres.2013.11.011 30. Day K . Physical environment correlates of physical activity in developing countries: a review

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Daniël M. van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J. de Ruiter, Natasja M. van Schoor, Dorly J.H. Deeg and Kaj S. Emanuel

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) represents an increasing burden in developed countries ( Arden & Nevitt, 2006 ). Progression of knee OA is usually assessed using radiographic scores such as the Kellgren & Lawrence scale (K&L-score) ( Kellgren & Lawrence, 1957 ). Radiographic scores correlate to some

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Xihe Zhu and Justin A. Haegele

the pandemic of obesity in developing countries . Nutrition Reviews, 70 , 3 – 21 . PubMed ID: 22221213 doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00456.x 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00456.x Raudenbush , S.W. , & Bryk , A.S. ( 2002 ). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods