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Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Young Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam and Eun-Cheol Park

Physical activity (PA) is important for preventing chronic disease, 1 and the level of PA in childhood is especially important, as it can be a predictor of PA in adulthood. 2 Nevertheless, PA levels of adolescents have gradually decreased as sedentary lifestyle has spread across developed

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Stephen Harvey, Chris Rissel and Mirjam Pijnappels

increases general health, it would be logical to conclude that the falls rates are lower in the Netherlands than similarly developed countries. However, this appears not to be the case, as reported in the World Health Organization’s ( 2008 ) Global Report on Falls Prevention in Older Age . It reports the

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Cecilia del Campo Vega, Veronica Tutte, Gustavo Bermudez and Diana C. Parra

A current public health priority is to promote physical activity (PA), 1 especially considering the high prevalence of physical inactivity in both developed and developing countries. 2 One of the strategies to increase the level of PA that has been gaining support and popularity is the

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Levy Silva Rezende, Markus Brendon Lima and Emanuel Péricles Salvador

were conducted in developed countries (United States, The Netherlands, and Canada) with high rates of human development. Extrapolations to middle-income and low-income countries should be made with caution because these countries have limitations related to accessibility of individuals with mobility

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Patrick Abi Nader, Lina Majed, Susan Sayegh, Lama Mattar, Ruba Hadla, Marie Claire Chamieh, Carla Habib Mourad, Elie-Jacques Fares, Zeina Hawa and Mathieu Bélanger

Among Middle Eastern countries, Lebanon is considered a high developing country (high development index = 0.763) and uses 3.0% of its total gross domestic product on public health expenditure. 7 By 2020, Lebanon is expected to have a population greater than 6 million, a population density of 588

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Xavier García-Massó, Adrià Marco-Ahulló, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Julio Álvarez-Pitti and Jose-Luis Bermejo

Overweight and obese children have now become a public health problem both in European countries and in other developed countries ( Ahrens et al., 2014 ). Lobstein et al. ( 2015 ) have shown that in about 30 years in the United States, the body mass of each child has increased by 5 kg on average

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Daniël M. van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J. de Ruiter, Natasja M. van Schoor, Dorly J.H. Deeg and Kaj S. Emanuel

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) represents an increasing burden in developed countries ( Arden & Nevitt, 2006 ). Progression of knee OA is usually assessed using radiographic scores such as the Kellgren & Lawrence scale (K&L-score) ( Kellgren & Lawrence, 1957 ). Radiographic scores correlate to some

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André Luiz Galvim, Isabela Martins Oliveira, Tatiane Vieira Martins, Leonardo Moreira Vieira, Natália Caroline Cerri, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Renata Valle Pedroso and Grace Angélica de Oliveira Gomes

intervention process, and to contribute to the management of the health service. We couldn’t find other Brazilian studies to compare with the data of this study. This is probably because PA intervention monitoring is still very recent in Brazil compared with developed countries such as the United States. 35

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Kasper Salin, Mikko Huhtiniemi, Anthony Watt, Harto Hakonen and Timo Jaakkola

Research has detailed that insufficient levels of physical activity (PA) and excessive levels of sedentary time (ST) have become a major concern in developed countries. 1 , 2 As a result of insufficient PA and excessive calorie intake, the obesity epidemic among children has become a crucial major

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Johan Pelssers, Emalie Hurkmans, Jeroen Scheerder, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Steven Vos, Tim Smits and Filip Boen

For decades, life expectancy has increased steadily in developed countries ( World Health Organization, 2006 ). Consequently, the number of older adults will increase accordingly. Aging is associated with higher risks of chronic disorders. Studies have shown that a sufficient level of physical