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Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Young Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam and Eun-Cheol Park

Physical activity (PA) is important for preventing chronic disease, 1 and the level of PA in childhood is especially important, as it can be a predictor of PA in adulthood. 2 Nevertheless, PA levels of adolescents have gradually decreased as sedentary lifestyle has spread across developed

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Levy Silva Rezende, Markus Brendon Lima and Emanuel Péricles Salvador

were conducted in developed countries (United States, The Netherlands, and Canada) with high rates of human development. Extrapolations to middle-income and low-income countries should be made with caution because these countries have limitations related to accessibility of individuals with mobility

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Fiona Pelly and Susie Parker Simmons

particularly in less developed countries. Historically, the food program at the Olympic Games has evolved considerably since the advent of a unified menu in 1972 ( Pelly et al., 2011 ), but it appears that the capacity to cater for the expanding cultural and sporting diversity and the growing evidence around

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Stephen Harvey, Chris Rissel and Mirjam Pijnappels

increases general health, it would be logical to conclude that the falls rates are lower in the Netherlands than similarly developed countries. However, this appears not to be the case, as reported in the World Health Organization’s ( 2008 ) Global Report on Falls Prevention in Older Age . It reports the

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Patrick Abi Nader, Lina Majed, Susan Sayegh, Lama Mattar, Ruba Hadla, Marie Claire Chamieh, Carla Habib Mourad, Elie-Jacques Fares, Zeina Hawa and Mathieu Bélanger

Among Middle Eastern countries, Lebanon is considered a high developing country (high development index = 0.763) and uses 3.0% of its total gross domestic product on public health expenditure. 7 By 2020, Lebanon is expected to have a population greater than 6 million, a population density of 588

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Xavier García-Massó, Adrià Marco-Ahulló, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Julio Álvarez-Pitti and Jose-Luis Bermejo

Overweight and obese children have now become a public health problem both in European countries and in other developed countries ( Ahrens et al., 2014 ). Lobstein et al. ( 2015 ) have shown that in about 30 years in the United States, the body mass of each child has increased by 5 kg on average

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Katherine Reta Devonshire-Gill and Kevin Ian Norton

designed to assess PA engagement comprehensively in these domains via a more relevant format, particularly for developing countries where patterns of energy expenditure differ from high-income countries. 19 Since their inception, these 2 standardized self-report tools have been widely used to monitor

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Daniël M. van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J. de Ruiter, Natasja M. van Schoor, Dorly J.H. Deeg and Kaj S. Emanuel

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) represents an increasing burden in developed countries ( Arden & Nevitt, 2006 ). Progression of knee OA is usually assessed using radiographic scores such as the Kellgren & Lawrence scale (K&L-score) ( Kellgren & Lawrence, 1957 ). Radiographic scores correlate to some

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Hamid Najafipour, Masoomeh Kahnooji, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Mahboobeh Yeganeh, Milad Ahmadi Gohari, Mitra Shadkam Farokhi and Ali Mirzazadeh

According to the World Health Organization report, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) account for almost 30% of overall deaths all around the world. 1 About 80% of deaths in developing countries are a result of CVDs, which occur mostly due to change of lifestyle, increase of urbanism, and lack of

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A. Stefanie Mikolaizak, Jochen Klenk, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Michael D. Denkinger, Kilian Rapp and for the ActiFE Study Group

. Musgrove (Eds.), Disease control priorities in developing countries . Washington, DC : World Bank . World Health Organization . ( 2002 ). Active ageing: A policy framework . Retrieved from World Health Organization website: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/67215/1/WHO_NMH_NPH_02.8.pdf . World