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Patrick Abi Nader, Lina Majed, Susan Sayegh, Lama Mattar, Ruba Hadla, Marie Claire Chamieh, Carla Habib Mourad, Elie-Jacques Fares, Zeina Hawa and Mathieu Bélanger

Among Middle Eastern countries, Lebanon is considered a high developing country (high development index = 0.763) and uses 3.0% of its total gross domestic product on public health expenditure. 7 By 2020, Lebanon is expected to have a population greater than 6 million, a population density of 588

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James W. Navalta, Jeffrey Montes, Nathaniel G. Bodell, Charli D. Aguilar, Ana Lujan, Gabriela Guzman, Brandi K. Kam, Jacob W. Manning and Mark DeBeliso

Obesity is a large issue facing the United States and other developed countries. The percentage of the American population that is at a healthy weight is reported to be at only 30.8%, and Healthy People 2020 has the targeted goal of increasing that percentage to 33.9% ( National Center for Health

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Daniël M. van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J. de Ruiter, Natasja M. van Schoor, Dorly J.H. Deeg and Kaj S. Emanuel

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) represents an increasing burden in developed countries ( Arden & Nevitt, 2006 ). Progression of knee OA is usually assessed using radiographic scores such as the Kellgren & Lawrence scale (K&L-score) ( Kellgren & Lawrence, 1957 ). Radiographic scores correlate to some

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Pasmore Malambo, Andre P. Kengne, Estelle V. Lambert, Anniza De Villiers and Thandi Puoane

relationship. Our findings are in agreement with some existing studies 41 but not all. 42 One possible explanation of the variation in findings is that some studies have been conducted in developed countries, urban cities than rural settings which have different quality of aesthetics. Thus, individuals in

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Johan Pelssers, Emalie Hurkmans, Jeroen Scheerder, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Steven Vos, Tim Smits and Filip Boen

For decades, life expectancy has increased steadily in developed countries ( World Health Organization, 2006 ). Consequently, the number of older adults will increase accordingly. Aging is associated with higher risks of chronic disorders. Studies have shown that a sufficient level of physical

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Peng Zhang, Jung Eun Lee, David F. Stodden and Zan Gao

among children in both developed and developing countries. 17 , 19 Despite increasing empirical evidence concerning time segment differences in children’s PA during weekdays and weekends, correlates and determines of PA in children have not been explored adequately. For example, data focused on

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André Luiz Galvim, Isabela Martins Oliveira, Tatiane Vieira Martins, Leonardo Moreira Vieira, Natália Caroline Cerri, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Renata Valle Pedroso and Grace Angélica de Oliveira Gomes

intervention process, and to contribute to the management of the health service. We couldn’t find other Brazilian studies to compare with the data of this study. This is probably because PA intervention monitoring is still very recent in Brazil compared with developed countries such as the United States. 35

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Trent J. Herda, Philip M. Gallagher, Jonathan D. Miller, Matthew P. Bubak and Mandy E. Parra

. Ultrasound Med Biol . 2009 ; 35 ( 3 ): 443 – 6 . PubMed ID: 19081667 doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2008.09.016 19081667 37. Popkin BM , Adair LS , Ng SW . Global nutrition transition and the pandemic of obesity in developing countries . Nutr Rev . 2012 ; 70 ( 1 ): 3 – 21 . PubMed ID: 22221213

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Chunxiao Li, Ngai Kiu Wong, Raymond K.W. Sum and Chung Wah Yu

( Hong Kong Education Bureau, 2016 ), which is similar to the overall prevalence of ASD in developed countries ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014 ; Taylor, Jick, & Maclaughlin, 2013 ). Students with ASD in Hong Kong may attend either special or mainstream schools. In general, those with

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Katherine Reta Devonshire-Gill and Kevin Ian Norton

designed to assess PA engagement comprehensively in these domains via a more relevant format, particularly for developing countries where patterns of energy expenditure differ from high-income countries. 19 Since their inception, these 2 standardized self-report tools have been widely used to monitor