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Wen-Hao Hsu, Evelyn J. Park, Daniel L. Miranda, Hani M. Sallum, Conor J. Walsh and Eugene C. Goldfield

forces, as well as the child’s body sway while standing and the child’s gait initiation. A computed ratio between the CoM range in the ML and AP directions allowed us to measure the direction in which the CoM movement was more dominant. For example, a ratio greater than 1 indicated that the range of CoM

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Anamaria Laudet Silva Mangubat, Janet Hanwen Zhang, Zoe Yau-Shan Chan, Aislinn Joan MacPhail, Ivan Pui-Hung Au and Roy Tsz-Hei Cheung

When presented with visual feedback in a constant and forward-facing direction, current research suggests that head accelerations during running generally remain stable. Busa et al’s experiment involved real-time visual feedback when runners were asked to maintain their gaze on a visual dot at eye

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Liam D. Harper, Adam Field, Liam D. Corr and Robert J. Naughton

), calculated as the summation of forward, sideways, and vertical accelerations ( Boyd, Ball, & Aughey, 2011 ). It is essentially utilized as a measure of external workload (i.e., biomechanical stress) and can be quantified alongside numbers of changes of direction (CoD), accelerations (ACC), and decelerations

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Anna C. Gutierrez and Monica R. Lininger

modified protocol of a three-direction reach using anterior, posteromedial, and posterolateral directions. 19 , 20 The protocol was explained and demonstrated by the clinician prior to each participant performing the first trial. Each participant was required to perform three successful practice trials in

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Mehrez Hammami, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Nawel Gaamouri, Gaith Aloui, Roy J. Shephard and Mohamed Souhaiel Chelly

Handball performance depends on several factors, including anthropometrics and physical abilities (particularly jumping, starting and stopping, and changing direction quickly [ 7 , 25 , 26 , 29 , 33 ]). Fast and dynamic movements and hard body contacts are interspersed with low-intensity movements

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Igor E.J. Magalhães, Rinaldo A. Mezzarane and Rodrigo L. Carregaro

subcutaneous tissue and muscle stimulation as a product of the tape tension on the skin. 7 In addition to tape tension, the original instructions of the method claim that the direction of application produces a “recoil” movement of the skin. 7 This “recoil” is tension dependent and, hypothetically, stimulates

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Murat Tomruk, Melda Soysal Tomruk, Emrullah Alkan and Nihal Gelecek

posterosuperior glide to fibula. The sham group received an application very similar to MWM application, but the appropriate force and the optimum direction were absent. 12 The physiotherapist placed one hand on medial malleolus and the other hand over the lateral malleolus without applying any force and

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Jupil Ko, Erik Wikstrom, Yumeng Li, Michelle Weber and Cathleen N. Brown

(Figure  2 ). 20 , 21 For the mSEBT, three 213-cm strips of athletic (white) tape were affixed to the laboratory floor 7 with the PM and PL directions aligned at 135° from the AN direction (Figure  2 ). 11 For the YBT, the Y-Balance Test Kit ™ was used. A single researcher demonstrated each test. Then

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Aaron T. Scanlan, Robert Stanton, Charli Sargent, Cody O’Grady, Michele Lastella and Jordan L. Fox

max ]) 4 demands while undertaking extensive physical requirements, including jumping (1.1 per min), accelerations (∼60), and change-of-direction movements (∼180) during game-play. 6 Despite the growing body of descriptive evidence quantifying game demands in basketball, the impact of overtime

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Kunal Bhanot, Navpreet Kaur, Lori Thein Brody, Jennifer Bridges, David C. Berry and Joshua J. Ode

shown to be direction dependent. 20 – 22 This means that one direction was not sensitive enough to identify deficits for various muscle groups and each direction of the SEBT can stimulate different muscles at various levels. To our knowledge, only one study has measured the hip muscle activity in the 3