As the new millennium begins, we find intercollegiate sport in Canadian universities at a crossroads. Although the Canadian Interuniversity Athletic Union (CIAU), the governing body for university sport in Canada, has a history of recurring issues and challenges, further change is imminent. This paper provides the perspective of two Canadian intercollegiate athletic administrators and sport management academicians on the future of intercollegiate sport in Canada by focusing on five major areas of concern: (a) diversity, (b) governance, (c) funding of athletics, (d) the role and value of athletics, and (e) the changing environmental context of the university. The authors conclude that university sport in Canada will remain embedded within the non-profit, amateur fabric of the Canadian sporting milieu characterized by a participant rather than spectator focus, men's sport domination, decreased funding sources, and pressures to justify its role and value within a rapidly changing environment. The diversity evident throughout the CIAU will continue to have a compelling impact on the organization.
Karen E. Danylchuk and Joanne MacLean
Trevor Slack and Bob Hinings
Increased interest in organizational change (i.e., shifts in an organization's structure, strategy, and processes) has led to considerable diversity in the theoretical approaches used to explain the phenomenon. This theoretical diversity has caused some scholars to suggest that a more complete understanding of organizational phenomena such as change is obtained when different theoretical perspectives are used in conjunction with one another. This paper examines a process of change that has been occurring in Canadian national sport organizations. Utilizing the theoretical approaches found in work on resource dependence theory, institutional theory, organizational culture, and the role of transformational leaders in managing change, the paper shows how these approaches explain different aspects of the change process. It also shows how a more complete understanding of change may be gained by using more than one theoretical perspective.
An introductory course in sport management should provide the student in the program with a basic understanding of the sport industry. However, the opinions of sport management educators vary as to what should be included in the introductory course. This diversity of opinions regarding course content is reflected in the texts that have been written for use in the introductory course. Each book has its own unique objective and range of topics (Chella-durai, 1985; Lewis & Appenzeller, 1987; Parkhouse, 1992; Parks & Zanger, 1991).
Claire-Marie Roberts and Jacky Forsyth
influencing the culture of sport, such that it becomes a female-friendly environment for gender diversity. Summary This statement merely provides an overview of some of the key themes evident in the conference contributions. There were many more talks and presentations that provided us with an insight of the
Freja Gheysen, Karel Herman and Delfien Van Dyck
et al., 2014 ). Only for low-income neighborhood residents, a positive relation was found between walkability and accelerometer-based MVPA ( Van Holle et al., 2014 ), and only in high-walkable neighborhoods, higher social diversity of the neighborhood environment was associated with more walking for
Sarah Edney, Tim Olds, Jillian Ryan, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Rachel Curtis and Carol Maher
. Depression scores could not be normalized and were therefore dichotomized (low depression ≤9 and some depression >9). For categorical variables (sex, education level, and depression), we calculated variability using Simpson Diversity Index, which represents the probability that 2 individuals chosen at random
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, James F. Sallis, Justine Nabanoba, David Basangwa, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sandra S. Kasoma, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys and James Mugisha
extensive local input. 33 The adult version of the NEWS-Africa consisted of 73 individual items and 13 scales that assessed the following perceived environmental characteristics: residential density (1 item), proximity to nonresidential land uses (mixed land use—diversity/proximity) (27 items), ease of
Rob J. Rotunda and Stuart Ryan
), as well as university instructors with expertise in PE, curriculum development, and psychology. These issues included respect for self and others, appreciation of diversity in its many forms, coping with emotions such as anger and sadness, social and communication skills with peers, self
Keith R. Lohse
environment interact to determine motor functioning ( Newell, 1991 ; World Health Organization, 2001 ). We also need to appreciate the diversity of approaches that is required for putting that research into practice ( Woolf, 2008 ). Basic research shapes our theoretical understanding and establishes the
Javier Molina-García and Ana Queralt
residential density (ratio of residential units to land area devoted to residential use), land-use mix (diversity of land-use types per census block), and road intersection density (ratio of road intersections to land area in the block group). 8 The formula for land-use mix captures how evenly the square