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Rebecca L. Krupenevich and Ross H. Miller

, older adults walk with greater hip flexion throughout the gait cycle, 1 , 6 , 11 which is suggested to be the result of increased forward trunk lean 1 and/or hip flexion contractures. 11 , 12 Considering that the hip extensor muscles typically can produce more torque at larger flexion angles, 13

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Dagmar Linnhoff, Shahab Alizadeh, Nina Schaffert and Klaus Mattes

delay and feedback frequency (occurrence) are essential parameters for the gait as a cyclical movement. All studies used feedback for single steps or gait cycles. That can be considered as a high feedback frequency compared to summarizing the feedback for a certain number of consecutive steps. According

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Jinah Kim, Sung Cheol Lee, Youngmin Chun, Hyung-Pil Jun, Jeffrey G. Seegmiller, Kyung Min Kim and Sae Yong Lee

, MA) was used to collect ground reaction force and identify gait cycle events with a sampling frequency of 1000 Hz. Furthermore, 16 reflective markers were attached based on a Plug-in-Gait lower body model. 20 , 21 Before walking trials, the participant’s subtalar joint was placed in a neutral

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Seung-uk Ko, Gerald J. Jerome, Eleanor M. Simonsick, Stephanie Studenski and Luigi Ferrucci

walk along a 10-m long walkway at their self-selected usual walking pace until they had completed at least three gait cycles from the left and right sides, with the full foot landing on the force platform ( Ko, Ling, Schreiber, Nesbitt, & Ferrucci, 2011 ). The raw coordinate data of marker positions

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Dominique C. Leibbrandt and Quinette A. Louw

3 Average knee flexion in stance phase 8.7 13.7 3.6 5 a 4 Average hip internal rotation 2.1 4.8 2.3 2.7 a 5 Peak hip internal rotation 4.1 2.8 1.6 1.3 6 Peak rear-foot eversion 11.6 12.4 Not available 0.8 7 Average knee flexion throughout the gait cycle 53.9 59.6 5.3 5.7 a 8 Knee flexion at heel

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Roel De Ridder, Tine Willems, Jos Vanrenterghem, Ruth Verrelst, Cedric De Blaiser and Philip Roosen

on ankle kinematics at TD is still limited. 18 , 19 Although not at TD, Chinn et al 18 have shown, for example, a favorable change in foot position during various time frames of the gait cycle in both the sagittal plane and frontal plane in a taped condition. Delahunt et al 19 did show a decreased

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TaeYeong Kim, JaeHyuk Lee, SeJun Oh, Seungmin Kim and BumChul Yoon

lower-extremities. 5 , 6 In recent times, horseback riding exercise has been considered as one of the therapeutic interventions that can help improve motor control capacity. 7 Riding a horse requires continuous postural control during the horse gait cycle. A horse’s movements are repetitive

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James Scales, Jamie M. O’Driscoll, Damian Coleman, Dimitrios Giannoglou, Ioannis Gkougkoulis, Ilias Ntontis, Chrisoula Zisopoulou and Mathew Brown

a reduction of control of the ankle at heel contact. 2 While plantar pressure has been examined during unloaded running following load carriage, 21 the novel aspect of these findings is that the largest change in CoP rate and displacement was observed early in the gait cycle with an increase in

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Pawel R. Golyski, Elizabeth M. Bell, Elizabeth M. Husson, Erik J. Wolf and Brad D. Hendershot

threshold (80 N) in vGRF signals. A larger force threshold was required to improve reliability of detection due to noise in the force signals introduced by the hydraulic platform. vGRI feedback presented on the screen was thus from 1 gait cycle previous but displayed during contralateral stance in advance

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Mostafa Yaghoubi, Philip W. Fink, Wyatt H. Page, Ali Heydari and Sarah P. Shultz

float ( 15 , 41 ). The duration of each subphase was calculated as the time spent between each gait event ( 41 ). The absolute time spent in each phase was normalized to the full gait cycle and duration was presented as a percentage (Figure  1 ). Figure 1 —Comparison of phases during SR, FK, and BK