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Sara J. Golec and Alison R. Valier

outcomes, some of the studies also investigated function, health care utilization, and costs. To measure adherence, 3 different methods were used among the 4 studies. One study 3 developed a set of process indicators to measure adherence, 1 study 4 used a point system, and the other 2 studies 5 , 6

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Nadja Schott and Maike Tietjens

physical activity. The development of a structural model illustrating the mediating effects of social support and falls efficacy on the relationship between falls and physical activity will help health care professionals to predict risk factors of falls that can be compromised by residing in an assisted

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Kleverton Krinski, Daniel G. S. Machado, Luciana S. Lirani, Sergio G. DaSilva, Eduardo C. Costa, Sarah J. Hardcastle and Hassan M. Elsangedy

and in an outdoor setting to reinforce the internal validity of this study. Second, understanding the psychophysiological responses in walking outdoors provides practical applications for health care professionals regarding exercise prescription for sedentary obese women and adds ecological validity

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Joseph J. Godek

The key players in sports health care in the '90s will be physicians, athletic trainers, and physical therapists. The social and economic forces affecting our health care delivery system today must be considered by these professions as they assume their roles in sports health care. Athletic trainers are qualified to treat athletes in any setting but are best used in the traditional environment. Physical therapists should reemphasize the rehabilitation of the sick, infirm, and disabled and should take the lead in providing care for disabled athletes. Physicians must be the leaders in sports health care. They are best prepared to arbitrate the ongoing conflict between athletic trainers and physical therapists and to decide which of these professionals can treat recreational athletes.

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Namkee G. Choi, Diana M. DiNitto, John E. Sullivan and Bryan Y. Choi

link between PA and improved diabetes management/treatment ( Choi, An, & Garcia, 2014 ). Thus, advice and encouragement from health care providers may be helpful in increasing PA. One study found that nearly 70% of U.S. individuals with diabetes (a higher proportion than those with other chronic

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Margaret McGladrey, Angela Carman, Christy Nuetzman and Nicole Peritore

be a complicated endeavor. The challenges of coalition building are heightened in rural areas of the United States due to geographic isolation as well as deficits in infrastructure, public transportation, health care providers, and funding. 11 Although a variety of models 12 – 16 exist to provide

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Jesse C. Christensen, Caitlin J. Miller, Ryan D. Burns and Hugh S. West

Health care payment reform has dramatically increased employers and group health insurance companies incentive to take measures to control the rising costs of medical care in the United States. 1 High-deductible plans, cost sharing, and health savings accounts have all been employed to urge

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Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen and Neil B. Alexander

of acute and long-term health care resources. 2 In addition, loss of muscle mass, impaired balance, and decline in muscle strength and endurance are attributed to the aging process. 3 Comorbidities influence mobility limitations, particularly cardiovascular disease and obesity. 4 Nevertheless

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Nathan H. Parker, Rebecca E. Lee, Daniel P. O’Connor, An Ngo-Huang, Maria Q.B. Petzel, Keri Schadler, Xuemei Wang, Lianchun Xiao, David Fogelman, Richard Simpson, Jason B. Fleming, Jeffrey E. Lee, Ching-Wei D. Tzeng, Sunil K. Sahai, Karen Basen-Engquist and Matthew H.G. Katz

to provide additional support during home-based exercise programming. Health care providers and exercise professionals may benefit patients by helping them explore maps of their home neighborhoods to find safe and convenient places to exercise, including parks, trails, and fitness centers. This study

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Joseph M. Day, Robert Barry Dale and Elizabeth Kennedy

, with the rise in health care costs, many patients and rehabilitation specialists are opting to reduce the number of on-site visits and focus on home exercise programs (HEP). As a result, many rehabilitation specialists and patients now depend on HEPs as the primary intervention to treat LE. Focused