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Shohei Shibata, Yuki Inaba, Shinsuke Yoshioka and Senshi Fukashiro

summary, the timing of finger movement is a significant factor in achieving accurate ball release. To understand the mechanical function of the groups of upper limb muscles during ball throwing, the inverse dynamics method for calculating net joint torque, power, and work has been used ( Hirashima, Kudo

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Lack of Velocity Dependence in Eccentric Joint Torque in Humans: In Vivo Observation Kentaro Chino * Naotoshi Mitsukawa * Kai Kobayashi * Yusuke Miyoshi * Toshiaki Oda * Hiroaki Kanehisa * Tetsuo Fukunaga * Senshi Fukashiro * Yasuo Kawakami * 5 2009 25 2 111 118 10.1123/jab.25

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Complex: II. Effects of Ankle Joint Orientation on Evoked Isometric Joint Torque John H. Lawrence III * T. Richard Nichols * 5 1999 15 2 106 119 10.1123/jab.15.2.106 Comparison of Biomechanical Human Neck Models: Muscle Forces and Spinal Loads at C4/5 Level Hyeonki Choi * Ray Vanderby Jr. * 5

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Norihide Sugisaki, Kai Kobayashi, Hiroyasu Tsuchie and Hiroaki Kanehisa

Physical movements are caused by a combination of joint torques produced by forces developed through muscle contractions. Therefore, an effective way to improve performance in a motor task requiring a high mechanical power output is to increase the joint torque-generation capability of the “key

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. Worthington * Mark A. King * Craig A. Ranson * 2 2013 29 1 78 84 10.1123/jab.29.1.78 Joint Torques and Joint Reaction Forces During Squatting With a Forward or Backward Inclined Smith Machine Andrea Biscarini * Fabio M. Botti * Vito E. Pettorossi * 2 2013 29 1 85 97 10.1123/jab.29.1.85 Technical

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Effects of Orthotic Heel Lifts on Achilles Tendon Force and Strain During Running Dominic James Farris * Erica Buckeridge * Grant Trewartha * Miranda Polly McGuigan * 11 2012 28 5 511 519 10.1123/jab.28.5.511 Are Joint Torque Models Limited by an Assumption of Monoarticularity? Martin G.C. Lewis

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23 30 10.1123/jsr.2014-0245 The Effects of Sex, Limb Dominance, and Soccer Participation on Knee Proprioception and Dynamic Postural Control Mutlu Cug * Erik A. Wikstrom * Bahman Golshaei * Sadettin Kirazci * 2 2016 25 1 31 39 10.1123/jsr.2014-0250 Joint Torques and Patellofemoral Force

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Jake A. Melaro, Ramzi M. Majaj, Douglas W. Powell, Paul DeVita and Max R. Paquette

biomechanical variables included step length, peak propulsive GRF, joint angular excursions, peak joint torques, peak angular powers, and positive joint work for the ankle, knee, and hip joints. Joint excursions were reported for the ankle from mid to late stance and both the knee and hip from initial foot

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Kentaro Chino and Hideyuki Takahashi

–passive joint torque curve 1 , 2 : greater passive joint stiffness represents lower joint flexibility. Therefore, passive joint stiffness is an important in vivo measurement in joint flexibility. Passive joint stiffness is affected by all structures located within and over the joint including muscles, tendons

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. Palmieri-Smith * 12 2013 29 6 756 762 10.1123/jab.29.6.756 Effect of BMI on Knee Joint Torques in Ergometer Rowing Karen Roemer * Tibor Hortobagyi * Chris Richter * Yolanda Munoz-Maldonado * Stephanie Hamilton * 12 2013 29 6 763 768 10.1123/jab.29.6.763 Mechanomyographic Responses for the Biceps