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Adam M. Hyde, Robert G. McMurray, Frank A. Chavoya and Daniela A. Rubin

.cdc.gov/dnpabmi/Calculator.aspx ). Total body fat (TBF) and lean body mass (LBM) excluding bone were measured via whole-body dual X-ray absorptiometry scan (Lunar Prodigy Advance; GE Healthcare, Madison, WI). Metabolic and Respiratory Measurements Participants were fitted with an oronasal mask (model 7450; Hans Rudolph, Shawnee, KS) with

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Bill I. Campbell, Danielle Aguilar, Laurin Conlin, Andres Vargas, Brad Jon Schoenfeld, Amey Corson, Chris Gai, Shiva Best, Elfego Galvan and Kaylee Couvillion

longitudinal studies investigating optimal daily protein intakes to maximize body composition. In a very short-term study, Lemon et al. ( 1992 ) found that protein intake of 1.35 versus 2.62 g·kg −1 ·day −1 produced similar increases in lean body mass and thigh muscle cross-sectional area in novice lifters

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Jo Welsman and Neil Armstrong

body mass but, given the complications of measuring this, at least scaled to lean body mass. Subsequently, in his inspirational 1970 “Textbook of Work Physiology,” he devoted a chapter to interpreting “Body dimensions and muscular work” and addressed the interpretation of “maximal aerobic power in

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Amy J. Hector and Stuart M. Phillips

accompanying loss of lean body mass (LBM) during caloric restriction that can comprise roughly 25% of the total weight lost ( Weinheimer et al., 2010 ). Lean body mass, a significant proportion of which is skeletal muscle, is critical for good metabolic function (i.e., site of postprandial glucose disposal

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Alis Bonsignore, David Field, Rebecca Speare, Lianne Dolan, Paul Oh and Daniel Santa Mina

history of PCa is associated with increases in lean body mass and small but nonsignificant reductions in body fat. 31 , 32 The addition of aerobic training to resistance training confers similar benefits for improving lean body mass and small but nonsignificant reductions in fat mass. 33 Results of one

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Farnoosh Mafi, Soheil Biglari, Alireza Ghardashi Afousi and Abbas Ali Gaeini

not carry any metal object (e.g., jewelry, glasses, buttoned or zippered clothing) during scanning. Participants’ lean body mass (LBM) was measured while they were lying in the supine position, with the longitudinal axis of their body being located on the scan table. Their legs were completely

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Fernando Naclerio, Eneko Larumbe-Zabala, Mar Larrosa, Aitor Centeno, Jonathan Esteve-Lanao and Diego Moreno-Pérez

·day −1 for endurance athletes ( Thomas et al., 2016 ). The limited carbohydrate intake could have negatively influenced performance or induced loss of lean body mass. However, no negative effects on body composition or performance were observed for both treatments. When carbohydrates are provided

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(Pearson’s correlation coefficient) between strength and performance outcomes with protein intake and age. Results.— Significant between group differences were observed for lean body mass (ET: 60.4 (6.4) kg, RA: 53 (8.5) kg; p<0.05), jump height (ET: 19.7 (4.7) cm, RA: 15.6 (3.5) cm; p<0.05), and CRF (ET

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Romuald Lepers, Paul J. Stapley and Thomas Cattagni

with the young athletes, master triathletes presented lower cycling efficiency (−11%) and a greater energy cost of running (+11%). 12 In addition, when the data were scaled to lean body mass rather than total body mass, these changes in the energy cost of running were even more pronounced during

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Mindy Patterson, Wanyi Wang and Alexis Ortiz

Unfavorable changes in body composition associated with the aging process contribute to the development and severity of chronic diseases ( Halter et al., 2014 ; Prince et al., 2015 ). Such changes include decreased resting energy expenditure (REE) related to changes in lean body mass and major