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Zhen Zeng, Christoph Centner, Albert Gollhofer and Daniel König

thus not allow adequate standardization across subjects. With respect to relative pressure intensities, some studies have adjusted the applied cuff pressure on the lower limbs on the subjects’ brachial blood pressure. 15 This procedure is, however, questionable, because the brachial blood pressure

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Ricardo Ribeiro Agostinete, Santiago Maillane-Vanegas, Kyle R. Lynch, Bruna Turi-Lynch, Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva, Eduardo Zapaterra Campos, Suziane Ungari Cayres and Romulo Araújo Fernandes

remained in the supine position on the machine (∼15 min). In this study, BMD values were measured at upper limbs, lower limbs, spine, and whole body. Covariates Chronological age was calculated using date of birth and the day of assessment. Body mass was measured using an electronic scale (accurate to 0

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Emmanuel Jacobs, Ann Hallemans, Jan Gielen, Luc Van den Dries, Annouk Van Moorsel, Jonas Rutgeerts and Nathalie A. Roussel

mostly influenced by the mean position of the hip and the knee in the sagittal plane, and therefore was called Lower Limb Position . An increase in the factor values of this factor shows a more flexed position of the lower limb. For the fourth factor, mainly the transversal plane range of motion of the

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Jungyun Hwang, I-Min Lee, Austin M. Fernandez, Charles H. Hillman and Amy Shirong Lu

higher BMIs would spend less time and use fewer lower-limb movements, especially in more intense exergames, compared with their counterparts. If our hypotheses are supported, such information could provide insight into feasible and effective strategies using exergaming technology for developing a

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Nobuaki Tottori, Tadashi Suga, Yuto Miyake, Ryo Tsuchikane, Mitsuo Otsuka, Akinori Nagano, Satoshi Fujita and Tadao Isaka

Superior sprint performance is achieved through the generation of large moments by the muscles crossing the hip, knee, and ankle joints ( 29 ). The magnitudes of these moments are primarily determined by agonist muscle size ( 2 , 11 , 12 , 20 , 32 ). In fact, trunk and lower limb muscles are larger

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Pierre Samozino, Jean Romain Rivière, Jérémy Rossi, Jean-Benoit Morin and Pedro Jimenez-Reyes

The ability to perform ballistic muscle contractions, as during jumps, changes of direction, and first step of a sprint, is determinant in numerous sport activities (team sports, track and field, and martial arts). It depends on both the maximal power output (relative to body mass) lower limbs can

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Ross Armstrong, Christopher Michael Brogden and Matt Greig

location for placement of the GPS unit, 16 recent research with dancers has recommended the use of accelerometer placement at the lower limb 17 as dance performance and injury is strongly related to lower limb movement. Previous studies have investigated musculoskeletal screening tools namely the Star

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Elissa Burton, Karen Levit, Jim Codde, Keith D. Hill and Anne-Marie Hill

) and 6-min walk test ( Rikli & Jones, 1998 ); lower-limb strength using five times sit-to-stand test ( Jette et al., 1999 ); balance using the functional reach test ( Duncan, Studenski, Chandler, & Prescott, 1992 ; Duncan, Weiner, Chandler, & Studenski, 1990 ); timed tandem walk ( Guralnik et

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Timothy A. Hanke, Bruce Kay, Michael Turvey and David Tiberio

, Breniere, & Brenguier, 1982 ; Do, Schneider, & Chong, 1999 ) may offer novel insights into how aging affects postural control and stepping function. Specifically, variable pacing as a temporal constraint to rhythmic stepping with a single lower limb would allow for the manipulation of the time to complete

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Prasanna Sritharan, Luke G. Perraton, Mario A. Munoz, Peter Pivonka and Adam L. Bryant

novel interventions to enable faster and safer return to sport. Muscles are the largest contributors to the GRF, 16 and gait studies of healthy individuals have shown that each muscle of the lower limb contributes to center-of-mass modulation in a highly coordinated and predictable way. 16 , 18 , 19