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Andrew O. Agbaje, Eero A. Haapala, Niina Lintu, Anna Viitasalo, Juuso Väistö, Sohaib Khan, Aapo Veijalainen, Tuomo Tompuri, Tomi Laitinen and Timo A. Lakka

had performed 2 years earlier at baseline. They were also allowed to practice cycling with the ergometer, using the pediatric mask, 10 minutes before lying in supine position. The children rested in this position for 15 minutes prior to commencing the exercise test protocol. The research physician

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Jennifer K. Sansom and Beverly D. Ulrich

covered in a low-pile carpet. Calibration of Oxygen Uptake Equipment A Cosmed K4b 2 portable oxygen uptake unit (Cosmed, Rome, Italy) was used to monitor participant’s pulmonary gas exchange concentrations while walking during each condition. Properly sized pediatric masks, mask headgear, and harnesses

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Alexander H.K. Montoye, Jordana Dahmen, Nigel Campbell and Christopher P. Connolly

this study on a subset of 14 participants. These participants were fit with a COSMED (COSMED USA, Chicago, IL) face mask, through which participants inspired room air and expired all air into the analyzer via a one-way valve and hose which connected the face mask to the metabolic analyzer. The Parvo

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Abby R. Fleming, Nic Martinez, Larry H. Collins, Candi D. Ashley, Maureen Chiodini, Brian J. Waddell and Marcus W. Kilpatrick

each minute using the Borg 6–20 scale ( Borg, 1998 ). Expired gases were collected using a neoprene mask and analyzed continuously using a calibrated metabolic measurement cart (Medical Graphics, St. Paul, MN). The VO 2 peak was identified as the largest volume of O 2 consumed per minute during the

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Stephen Pack, Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Stacy Winter and Brian Hemmings

 al., 2003 )—in their consultancy. Humor, as a form of interpersonal self-disclosure, renders the consultant “open for approval (or not)” ( Wheeless & Grotz, 1976 ) and consequently is an important factor in developing empathy. Self-defeating humor might also represent defensive denial or provide a mask to

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Philippe Hellard, Robin Pla, Ferran A. Rodríguez, David Simbana and David B. Pyne

after each trial using a portable gas analysis system (K4 b2; Cosmed, Rome, Italy) connected to an oronasal mask. The mask was applied to the swimmer’s face for 1 minute as soon as he stopped swimming and raised his head out of the water. The V ˙ O 2 (in mL·min −1 and mL·min −1 ·kg −1 ) attained at

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Martin Roderick and Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson

mask, another persona . . . not letting people see the other side. This kind of deliberative interactional performance was designed to present a particular appearance, with the aim of fulfilling moral requirements of the work role of professional athletes. Interviewees were highly cognizant of the

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Anne Tjønndal

otherwise were afraid of not being “taken seriously” and respected as coaches: Sometimes, I feel like female coaches act more masculine inside of the boxing gym, than outside of the gym. It is as if they put on a mask – they change their way of interacting with us (boxers)… I think it might be because they

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Mohamed Romdhani, Nizar Souissi, Yassine Chaabouni, Kacem Mahdouani, Tarak Driss, Karim Chamari and Omar Hammouda

, comfortably warm, fully dark, and quiet) and went to bed at ∼12:50. After being given ∼10 minutes to get used to their surroundings, they wore earplugs and eye masks and the 90-minute nap time started (from ∼13:00 to ∼14:30). In the N20 condition, participants spent the period between 12:50 and 14:00 watching a

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Jonathan Sinclair and Paul J. Taylor

minimum of 20 ft away from the force platform. Cut angles were measured from the center of the force plate, and the corresponding line of movement was delineated using masking tape so that it was clearly evident to participants. The stance phase of the cut movement was similarly defined as the duration