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Ana Queralt and Javier Molina-García

objective measurements, such as geographical information systems. 4 Indeed, a previous meta-analysis identified the need for the objective assessment of the environment using geographical information system to obtain robust evidence when PA is analyzed. 2 Previous studies have usually classified built

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André O. Werneck, Evelyn C.A. Silva, Maria R.O. Bueno, Lidyane Z. Vignadelli, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Catiana L.P. Romanzini, Enio R.V. Ronque and Marcelo Romanzini

studies are needed to understand the causal nature of the associations. Notwithstanding, by our knowledge, this was the first study that described the association between sedentary behavior patterns, using objective measurement and adiposity indicators from a middle-income country. Middle-income countries

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Wesley O’Brien, Michael J. Duncan, Orlagh Farmer and Diarmuid Lester

intervention was collected on participants in their class groups (maximum n  = 30) during specific school visits. Objective measurements, such as FMS and FMS ™ , were carried out during a typical PE class, while subjective self-report questionnaire measurements were taken during a separate school visit in a

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Jeremy A. Steeves, Scott A. Conger, Joe R. Mitrzyk, Trevor A. Perry, Elise Flanagan, Alecia K. Fox, Trystan Weisinger and Alexander H.K. Montoye

- and under-estimations) when compared to objective measurement tools ( Prince et al., 2008 ; Sallis & Saelens, 2000 ). In recent years there has been a proliferation of wearable physical activity tracking technologies ( Sullivan & Lachman, 2016 ; Thompson, 2018 ). A wide variety of research-grade and

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Erin Strutz, Raymond Browning, Stephanie Smith, Barbara Lohse and Leslie Cunningham-Sabo

, self-report, and objective measures (ie, accelerometry) have generated mixed results. 14 , 15 Accelerometry is the current best-practice technique for measuring free-living PA in adults and children. 16 , 17 Body-worn accelerometers (ACCs) provide an objective measurement of the frequency, intensity

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Phakkanut Mathurapongsakul and Akkradate Siriphorn

between adults and older adults. Finally, several limitations need to be considered. First, the number of participants was relatively small. Second, this study only examined fall by a self-reported falling history. Further investigations are needed to estimate the objective measurement of balance ability

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Pamela H. Kulinna, Charles B. Corbin and Hyeonho Yu

limitations. As noted in the PAT1 and PAT2 publications, a survey was used to assess physical activity behaviors. Objective measurement devices, such as pedometers and accelerometers, were not widely available at the time the study was initiated. The survey chosen for the PAT studies was easy and quick to

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Vincent Shieh, Ashwini Sansare, Minal Jain, Thomas Bulea, Martina Mancini and Cris Zampieri

clinically feasible manner. However, access to this technology for clinicians and researchers is limited by its cost, space requirements, and portability; therefore, there has been an effort to validate other instruments that provide the same objective measurements. Recent findings have shown that wearable

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Kerstin Gerst Emerson and Jennifer Gay

), 825 – 827 . PubMed doi:10.2105/AJPH.2004.043489 10.2105/AJPH.2004.043489 Evenson , K.R. , Buchner , D.M. , & Morland , K.B. ( 2012 ). Objective measurement of physical activity and sedentary behavior among US adults aged 60 years or older

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Adam Culiver, J. Craig Garrison, Kalyssa M. Creed, John E. Conway, Shiho Goto and Sherry Werner

conditions, then he was removed from data collection. Participants were enrolled in the study by an investigator in the outpatient sports medicine facility once they were confirmed to meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Participants provided written informed consent prior to collection of objective