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April Karlinsky and Nicola J. Hodges

than discussion in a follow-up experiment using a different (cup-stacking) task ( Granados & Wulf, 2007 ; see also Hebert, 2017 , for a replication and extension of this paradigm). In addition to the potential informational benefits of interleaved physical and observational practice, dyad practice

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Patty Freedson

to six days of valid data. When comparing age groups, the RMSE values were greater for children and adolescents, compared with adults and older adults. This difference emphasizes the need to consider longer data collection protocols beyond the one-week paradigm for children and adolescents

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Paddy C. Dempsey, Chuck E. Matthews, S. Ghazaleh Dashti, Aiden R. Doherty, Audrey Bergouignan, Eline H. van Roekel, David W. Dunstan, Nicholas J. Wareham, Thomas E. Yates, Katrien Wijndaele and Brigid M. Lynch

, 8 Analytical paradigms such as compositional data analysis and isotemporal substitution—which can better account for behavioral interdependencies within a finite time or composition—are now being more widely implemented to address questions concerning the “ideal balances” of sleep, sedentary time

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Scott J. Dankel, Jeremy P. Loenneke and Paul D. Loprinzi

as an alternative method for the prevention of multimorbidity . Prev Med . 2015 ; 81 : 54 – 57 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.08.002 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.08.002 26264252 21. Dankel SJ , Loenneke JP , Loprinzi PD . Does the fat-but-fit paradigm hold true for all-cause mortality when

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Laura St. Germain, Amanda M. Rymal and David J. Hancock

competitive level), and the adapted 17-item FOLQ along with the open-ended question: “Do you observe self/others for anything not addressed above?” Participants wrote (in-person) or typed their responses (email). Data Analysis The researchers followed the pragmatic paradigm, which is less concerned with

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Amanda M. Rymal

mimic that as well when implementing retention tests. Taken together, I am uncertain if this type of paradigm (practice one or two days and be tested 24–48 hours later) is an accurate representation of real training and believe that we need to be very careful when attempting to generalize our results in

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Denver M.Y. Brown and Steven R. Bray

sequential-task paradigm, where participants perform an initial task requiring cognitive control and shortly thereafter perform a task that requires physically demanding effort. For example, after completing a cognitive task designed to deplete self-control, negative performance effects have been observed

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Jón Gregersen, Antonis Hatzigeorgiadis, Evangelos Galanis, Nikos Comoutos and Athanasios Papaioannou

ego depletion has typically been examined using a so-called dual-task paradigm , with a subsequent self-control demanding task being performed immediately after the completion of an initial self-control demanding task. This dual-task paradigm has found to lead to a decrease in performance in the

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Yi-Ching Chen, I-Chen Lin, Yen-Ting Lin, Wei-Min Huang, Chien-Chun Huang and Ing-Shiou Hwang

(MSE TF ) for the young and older adults. For the young adults, task error was significantly correlated to MSE TF for both tracking paradigms ( p ≤ .003). After the removal of the effect of target frequency on tracking force, the partial correlation between the task error and MSE of the tracking

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Renata Valle Pedroso, José Maria Cancela, Carlos Ayán, Angelica Miki Stein, Gilson Fuzaro, José Luiz Riani Costa, Francisco J. Fraga and Ruth Ferreira Santos-Galduróz

, P300 has been shown to be one of the most commonly neurophysiological measures explored. 2 P300 is a positive curve of large amplitude generated from 250 to 500 ms after the presence of a rare target stimulus, presented through an oddball paradigm in which the subjects are instructed to identify the