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Emma L. Sweeney, Daniel J. Peart, Irene Kyza, Thomas Harkes, Jason G. Ellis and Ian H. Walshe

 < .05). Exercise Peak power output during each of the 30-s sprints is outlined in Table  2 . Peak power output did not differ between conditions ( p  = .644), but a difference was observed over time ( p  < .001), with peak power output significantly higher in the first sprint compared with the third

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Yasuki Sekiguchi, Erica M. Filep, Courteney L. Benjamin, Douglas J. Casa and Lindsay J. DiStefano

method in 39°C and 56% RH for 8 d. Adaptations in plasma volume, HR, T int , T skin , and sweat loss were measured by heat stress test prior to and following heat acclimation. HST was consisted of 60 min at 35% of peak power output in 39°C and 53% RH. EUH (1.4% BML) and DEH (2.4% BML) groups performed

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Bruno Ferreira Viana, Flávio Oliveira Pires, Allan Inoue and Tony Meireles Santos

Cross-country mountain biking (XCO) is a high-intensity endurance sporting event 1 , 2 in which athletes are required to generate power-output values ranging from ∼50 to 400 W. In fact, mean power output has been shown to be around 208 W, while peak power output has been shown to be as high as

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Adam Beard, John Ashby, Ryan Chambers, Franck Brocherie and Grégoire P. Millet

 = .12; η p 2 = .08 ) throughout the protocol. Figure 1 —PPO in successive sprints during the repeated-cycling sprint test before and after specific RSH or RSN. Values are mean (SD). Significant differences from pretest, * P  < .05, ** P  < .01, *** P  < .001. PPO indicates peak power output; RSH

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Sandro Venier, Jozo Grgic and Pavle Mikulic

Metikos et al 22 who previously validated this test. During these “all-out” strokes, peak power output was the highest external power output, as displayed on the Concept 2 performance monitor. The CV for this outcome amounted to 2.5%. Side Effects Immediately after the completion of the testing sessions

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Dustin J. Oranchuk, Eric J. Drinkwater, Riki S. Lindsay, Eric R. Helms, Eric T. Harbour and Adam G. Storey

investigators have stated that the second pull is the most important phase of the PC and is associated with the highest barbell velocity, 15 peak force, 13 and corresponding peak power output. 14 During the second pull, an inverse relationship exists between PC load and peak barbell velocity with previous

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Christopher C. Webster, Kathryn M. van Boom, Nur Armino, Kate Larmuth, Timothy D. Noakes, James A. Smith and Tertius A. Kohn

earlier publication are repeated in this article. The LCHF and Mixed diet groups each comprised seven healthy, well-trained, male cyclists who were matched for age, VO 2 max, peak power output, and body composition (Table  1 ) and who were following their respective diets without any significant changes

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Patrick P.J.M. Schoenmakers, Florentina J. Hettinga and Kate E. Reed

session, as inadequate recovery had been prescribed given the intensity of the work interval, resulting in failure to complete the session. While the training intervention still improved time-trial performance, peak power output, and the maximum oxygen uptake ( V ˙ O 2 max ), 22 a protocol involving a

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Kyle M.A. Thompson, Alanna K. Whinton, Shane Ferth, Lawrence L. Spriet and Jamie F. Burr

extensions in highly trained males 5 and improved 6-seconds sprint cycling peak power output, 16 Gibson et al 15 did not observe an improvement in 10-, 20-, or 30-m maximal sprint time using a group of team-sport athletes. Irrespective of the sprint-specific literature, there are a number of more general

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Julian A. Owen, Matthew B. Fortes, Saeed Ur Rahman, Mahdi Jibani, Neil P. Walsh and Samuel J. Oliver

with the hydration assessment techniques and completed a graded cycle exercise test to determine their peak power output, which was used to prescribe the workload for the experimental trial cycling exercise (Excalibur Sport, Lode, The Netherlands). Study Protocol This study followed a crossover design