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Matthew Zimmermann, Grant Landers, Karen Wallman and Georgina Kent

performance in hot conditions. 12 – 14 These improvements are largely attributed to a significant reduction in core temperature that is achieved by the phase change of ice to water (enthalpy of fusion), which requires a large amount of heat energy (334 J/g). 14 However, reduced perceived effort and thermal

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Tim Op De Beéck, Arne Jaspers, Michel S. Brink, Wouter G.P. Frencken, Filip Staes, Jesse J. Davis and Werner F. Helsen

matches using the sRPE method. 11 In order to ensure that the perceived effort would reflect the session in total, rather than the most recent exercise intensity, each player was separately asked 30 minutes after every training session or match to rate his perceived exertion using a category ratio scale

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Devin G. McCarthy, Kate A. Wickham, Tyler F. Vermeulen, Danielle L. Nyman, Shane Ferth, Jamie M. Pereira, Dennis J. Larson, Jamie F. Burr and Lawrence L. Spriet

, Spriet LL . Ingesting a sports drink enhances simulated ice hockey performance while reducing perceived effort . Int J Sports Med . 2017 ; 38 : 1061 – 1069 . PubMed ID: 29045995 doi: 10.1055/s-0043-119874 29045995 17. Borg GA . Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion . Med Sci Sports Exerc

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Hande Guney-Deniz, Gulcan Harput, Ugur Toprak and Irem Duzgun

scapula retraction at 90° of shoulder abduction starting with the lowest resistance band, and then increased the band resistance until the level of perceived effort was rated as 5 (somewhat hard) on a 0 to 10 scale (0 = extremely easy, 10 = extremely hard). Each condition consisted of a concentric, an

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Thomas Reeve, Ralph Gordon, Paul B. Laursen, Jason K.W. Lee and Christopher J. Tyler

, greater electrolyte reabsorption facilitated by increases in aldosterone) and perceptual adaptations (eg, lower perceived effort and thermal comfort). 3 , 4 The extent to which these adaptations to heat occur depends on the magnitude of the thermal impulse, which in turn depends on the intensity

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Graeme G. Sorbie, Fergal M. Grace, Yaodong Gu, Julien S. Baker and Ukadike C. Ugbolue

, Martin BJ , Chaffin DB . Predictors of perceived effort in the shoulder during load transfer tasks . Ergonomics . 2007 ; 50 ( 7 ): 1004 – 1016 . PubMed doi: 10.1080 17510819 10.1080/00140130701295947 3. Horton J , Lindsay D , Macintosh B . Abdominal muscle activation of elite male

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Lucas A. Pereira, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Saul Martín-Rodríguez, Ronaldo Kobal, César C.C. Abad, Ademir F.S. Arruda, Aristide Guerriero and Irineu Loturco

Fatigue can be defined as the incapacity to generate force or the increase in perceived effort when producing a submaximal force. 1 , 2 Due to its direct impacts on sport performance, this phenomenon has been extensively investigated in recent decades. Among the different studies related to

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John J. Fraser and Jay Hertel

pretreatment to posttreatment in 2 of the 3 IFM exercises. Delignières and Brisswalter 35 described a disparity between perceived effort and physical performance. They postulate that perceived difficulty is more determined by a participant’s personality, self-esteem, self-confidence, and aspiration rather

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Davide Ferioli, Diego Rucco, Ermanno Rampinini, Antonio La Torre, Marco M. Manfredi and Daniele Conte

.0000000000001043 26284807 11. Paye B , Paye P . Youth Basketball Drills . Champaign, IL : Human Kinetics ; 2001 . 12. Clemente FM , Conte D , Sanches R , Moleiro CF , Gomes M , Lima R . Anthropometry and fitness profile, and their relationships with technical performance and perceived

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Beatriz Bachero-Mena, Miguel Sánchez-Moreno, Fernando Pareja-Blanco and Borja Sañudo

%, 85%, 90%, and 95% perceived effort, and one 10-m sprint at 100% effort with 1-minute rest periods between them. After the warm-up, PRE tests were performed in the following order: CMJ, 20-m sprint (T20m), and isokinetic knee extension and flexion (peak torques and mean power). Then, the training