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David Geard, Amanda L. Rebar, Peter Reaburn and Rylee A. Dionigi

, psychological, cognitive, and social functioning over time is in short supply or absent ( Donato et al., 2003 ; Wiswell et al., 2001 ). However, cross-sectional data is useful and regularly utilized to investigate the relationship between masters athletes’ age and physical functioning ( Tanaka & Seals, 2003

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Jian Xu, Poram Choi, Robert W. Motl and Stamatis Agiovlasitis

ID have low levels of physical functioning ( Oppewal, Hilgenkamp, van Wijck, Schoufour, & Evenhuis, 2014 ). Physical fitness levels are also very low, and balance and gait problems have been found in this group of people ( Enkelaar, Smulders, van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, Geurts, & Weerdesteyn

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Jeanette M. Thom, Sharon M. Nelis, Jennifer K. Cooney, John V. Hindle, Ian R. Jones and Linda Clare

; McPhee et al., 2016 ; Whitehead & Blaxton, 2017 ). The health benefits of physical activity in older adults are wide ranging and include the more obvious increases in fitness and strength, as well as increases in the overall quality of life, physical function, balance, and cognitive function ( Campisi

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Daniël M. van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J. de Ruiter, Natasja M. van Schoor, Dorly J.H. Deeg and Kaj S. Emanuel

.I. , Russo , A. , … Landi , F. ( 2008 ). Physical function and self-rated health status as predictors of mortality: results from longitudinal analysis in the ilSIRENTE study . BMC Geriatrics, 8 , 34 . 19102751 10.1186/1471-2318-8-34 Crapo , R.O. , Casaburi , R. , Coates , A.L. , Enright , P

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Margaret Delaney, Meghan Warren, Brian Kinslow, Hendrik de Heer and Kathleen Ganley

29,902 participants completed the questionnaires and examinations during the 2011–2016 period. Participants who refused or who had missing data from any survey (including demographics, physical activity, physical function, or other health conditions) were excluded. The present study included

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Kenneth C. Lam and Jessica G. Markbreiter

PedsQL scores (Table  2 ). Main effects of injury history were reported with the HIS group reporting significantly lower scores than the NO-HIS group for the Pedi-IKDC total score (HIS = 79.2 [21.7], NO-HIS = 95.8 [8.6]) and PedsQL total (HIS = 85.7 [10.9], NO-HIS = 90.9 [7.3]); physical functioning (HIS

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K. Dillon and Harry Prapavessis

mild to moderate cognitive impairment residing in an AL setting. A secondary purpose was to examine the effectiveness of the intervention on the residents’ cognitive function, physical function, and quality of life (QoL). We hypothesized that there would be high compliance to the prompted bouts of PA

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Anna Lina Rahlf, Klaus-Michael Braumann and Astrid Zech

function were measured by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). The questionnaire included 24 questions, divided in 3 subscales: pain, stiffness, and physical function. It was answered by a validated 10 points rating scale. 29 All items were answered retrospectively

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Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood and Janice L. Thompson

PA recommendations; and 3) perceived role of PA in maintaining physical function. Since different translators were used depending on the participants’ language needs, they were instructed to discuss PA in terms of any activity participants engaged in, from housework, to general walking, and formal

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Kenneth E. Powell, Abby C. King, David M. Buchner, Wayne W. Campbell, Loretta DiPietro, Kirk I. Erickson, Charles H. Hillman, John M. Jakicic, Kathleen F. Janz, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William E. Kraus, Richard F. Macko, David X. Marquez, Anne McTiernan, Russell R. Pate, Linda S. Pescatello and Melicia C. Whitt-Glover

) reduced feelings of anxiety and depression in healthy people and in people with existing clinical syndromes, and (4) improved cognitive function across the life span. Regular physical activity improves bone health and weight status in children 3 to <6 years and physical function among older people