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Katie L. Hodgin, Lauren von Klinggraeff, Brian Dauenhauer, Jaimie M. McMullen, Ann Pulling Kuhn, Peter Stoepker and Russell L. Carson

Convenience sampling 24 based on geographical proximity was used to recruit classroom teachers from 1 primary school (27.7% poverty, 75% white) in a suburban town (∼23,000 population, 6.2% poverty rate, $86,000 median household income) in the Western United States. Prior to data collection, study approval

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Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, James F. Sallis, Justine Nabanoba, David Basangwa, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sandra S. Kasoma, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys and James Mugisha

as risk factors for the development of communicable and noncommunicable diseases 3 – 7 ; contribute to accidental and nonaccidental injuries 8 ; lead to loss of productivity, food insecurity, and poverty 9 , 10 ; and ultimately result in a higher risk for premature mortality. 11 Despite the high

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Simone A. Tomaz, Anthony D. Okely, Alastair van Heerden, Khanya Vilakazi, Marie-Louise Samuels and Catherine E. Draper

the South African setting, this step is especially important, as despite being classified as an upper-middle-income country, South Africa is one of the most unequal societies in the world. According to the World Bank, 18.9% of South Africa’s population is living in poverty (by the definition of

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

interactions, with time for each predictor variable. After a series of exploratory models, the final model included 21 identified variables, along with time, sex, race/ethnicity, parent education, and poverty index. A significant decline in physical activity was observed from fifth to seventh grades. Factors

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Natasha Schranz, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Richard Tyler, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

highest child poverty rate (0.225). Qatar had the highest gross national income per capita, the lowest relative public health expenditure, and the highest Gender Inequality Index. Slovenia had the lowest Gini index (least income inequality) and the lowest percentage of urban population (49.8%). The life

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Theresa E. Gildner, J. Josh Snodgrass, Clare Evans and Paul Kowal

: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 59 ( 3 ), 128 – 137 . doi:10.1093/geronb/59.3.S128 10.1093/geronb/59.3.S128 Amato , P.R. , & Zuo , J. ( 1992 ). Rural poverty, urban poverty, and psychological well-being . The Sociological Quarterly, 33 ( 2 ), 229 – 240 . doi:10.1111/j.1533-8525.1992.tb

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Riley Galloway, Robert Booker and Scott Owens

difference in MVPA stated above. These results could be explained by differences in perceived SES, such as the poverty-to-income ratio ( Belcher et al., 2010 ). Perceived SES could alter the types of activities in which children participate, as research has shown White youth to engage in more extracurricular

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Seung Ho Chang, Kyungun Kim, Jihyun Lee and Sukho Lee

OR exercise) AND (child* OR preschool* OR obesity OR daycare OR toddler OR youth OR adolescent) AND (low income OR poverty OR disadvantaged OR at-risk OR African American OR Black OR Latino OR Hispanic). Additional articles were obtained by inspection of reference lists from review articles and

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John D. Fair

.” 39 Especially appealing was the rags to riches story of how Dubois had risen from poverty in the south Bronx. When his father died he was sent to a Catholic orphanage where he excelled in swimming, diving, and boxing. But Dubois also displayed an artistic bent. While shining shoes and selling

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Chad M. Killian, Amelia Mays Woods, Kim C. Graber and Thomas J. Templin

during their decision-making process whether to adopt online instruction into their PE classes. Several teachers who worked in high-poverty school districts noted their concern about their students’ capacity to complete their assignments as a result. There’s so much poverty within my school district