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Patrick Abi Nader, Evan Hilberg, John M. Schuna, Deborah H. John and Katherine B. Gunter

least 60 minutes of PA on 5 or more days per week. 3 Many factors contribute to children’s abilities to achieve the recommended PA for health, including where they live. Children residing in rural areas are more likely to be living in poverty, less likely to meet PA guidelines, and are at higher risk

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Ruri Famelia, Emi Tsuda, Syahrial Bakhtiar and Jacqueline D. Goodway

98% of the population is Muslim ( BPS-Statistic of Sumatera Barat Province, 2007 ). As the Indonesian population shifts from rural to urban areas ( Central Intelligence Agency [CIA], 2016 ), diets change to more processed food ( Julia, Van Weissenbruch, Delemarre-van de Waal, & Surjono, 2004

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Kristen Day

occur in low- and middle-income countries, 1 where diseases occur at younger ages and cause earlier deaths, compared with developed countries. 2 Noncommunicable diseases and overweight and obesity especially impact urban areas and low-income individuals. 1 , 3 , 4 Population shifts from rural to

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Youngdeok Kim, Joaquin U. Gonzales and P. Hemachandra Reddy

populations. Therefore, this study sought to examine the longitudinal and concurrent associations between the changes in handgrip strength and CVD biomarkers in middle-aged to older adults living in rural areas. The results from this study will provide further insight into the natural course of CVD

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Nisha Botchwey, Myron F. Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L. Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L. Schmid, Terry L. Conway, J. Aaron Hipp, Anna J. Kim, M. Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L. Walker, Tina J. Kauh and Jim F. Sallis

understudied groups at higher risk of physical inactivity and obesity, including youth of minority ethnic and racial groups and all ethnic and racial groups living in rural areas. Third, the research agenda would focus on a limited number of topic areas that are promising but understudied, within categories

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Kun Liang

the 2006 and the 2010 Sample Survey on Aged Population in Urban/Rural China (SSAPUR). The two waves of surveys were conducted by the China Research Center on Aging. In 2006, this center selected 20 divisions out of 31 provincial-level administrative divisions from all regions of China, including north

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Katherine Reta Devonshire-Gill and Kevin Ian Norton

residence (Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia and metropolitan/rural), 26 socioeconomic position (Socio-Economic Indexes For Areas quintiles), 27 and highest education level attained (no postsecondary qualification/trade certificate/university degree). Self-reported BMI using WHO cut-off points

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Michelle E. Jordan, Kent Lorenz, Michalis Stylianou and Pamela Hodges Kulinna

). Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP) has been adopted as the national framework in the USA ( CDC, 2015 ). This study was part of a larger program of research investigating a CSPAP ( CDC, 2013 ) change effort in one rural school district. Previous analyses from this research program indicate

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Nima Dehghansai and Joseph Baker

: Perspectives of people living with a long-term traumatic spinal cord injury in rural and urban areas . Disability and Rehabilitation, 37 ( 16 ), 1401 – 1410 . 10.3109/09638288.2014.972593 Hutzler , Y. , Higgs , C. , & Legg , D. ( 2016 ). Improving

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Toben F. Nelson, Richard F. MacLehose, Cynthia Davey, Peter Rode and Marilyn S. Nanney

geographic location (city, suburb, small town, and rural) as defined using the Rural–Urban Commuting Area Codes from the 2000 US Census. The process of linking the NCES and Rural–Urban Commuting Area Codes data on school characteristics with MSS data is described in detail elsewhere. 23 Data Analysis We