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Hayden J. Pritchard, Matthew J. Barnes, Robin J. Stewart, Justin W. Keogh and Michael R. McGuigan

performed at the same time of day (±1 h). Resting Measures Saliva was collected and CK measured using previously described techniques. 17 Saliva samples were analyzed in duplicate according to manufacturer’s instructions using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA; DRG International, Springfield, NJ

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Francesco Campa, Catarina N. Matias, Elisabetta Marini, Steven B. Heymsfield, Stefania Toselli, Luís B. Sardinha and Analiza M. Silva

of 99.0% NaBr (Sigma-Aldrich) per kg of body weight, diluted in 50 mL of distilled-deionized water. Baseline samples of saliva were collected before NaBr oral dose administration, and enriched samples were collected 3-hour postdose administration. ICW was calculated as the difference between TBW and

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Laura E. Juliff, Jeremiah J. Peiffer and Shona L. Halson

venepuncture. 11 In the researcher’s absence, participants collected the overnight samples at each designated time point and documented the collection time to ensure adherence to time in the subsequent trial. Once received, saliva samples were stored at −20°C as instructed by the manufacturer (Stratech

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Mário A.M. Simim, Marco Túlio de Mello, Bruno V.C. Silva, Dayane F. Rodrigues, João Paulo P. Rosa, Bruno Pena Couto and Andressa da Silva

PS GPS DL Leicht et al. ( 2012 ) 14 WR SCI (C6–C7) 12 ± 5 – 14 ± 3 hr/week 12 predefined time points over 5 months during squad’s training for World Championships TRA [IgA] sIgA Saliva flow rate ELISA     Sarro et al. ( 2010 ) 8 WR SCI (cervical), AMP   13 ± 5   Final match of 2008 Demolition Derby

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Philippe Richard, Lymperis P. Koziris, Mathieu Charbonneau, Catherine Naulleau, Jonathan Tremblay and François Billaut

supplementation intake until the end of the experiment. Athletes were also not allowed to consume any mouthwash or chewing gum during periods of supplement consumption and saliva collection. All participants provided written informed consent after being informed of the experimental procedures, associated risks

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

. In addition, during these 7 days, participants rated their negative affect (e.g., sad, anxious, nervous) on a tablet application four times a day (waking, 11 a.m., 4 p.m., 9 p.m.) and provided a saliva sample (to assess cortisol) at the same times. The results showed that higher negative affect was

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Mayur K. Ranchordas, George King, Mitchell Russell, Anthony Lynn and Mark Russell

previously been reported that caffeine present in chewing gum is primarily absorbed through the buccal mucosa which has an excellent vascular supply and thus an excellent rate of absorption ( Kamimori et al., 2002 ). It is likely that when gum is chewed, some caffeine is released into the saliva, swallowed

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Mònica Solana-Tramunt, Jose Morales, Bernat Buscà, Marina Carbonell and Lara Rodríguez-Zamora

portable device (Lactate Pro LT-1710; Arkray, Inc, Kyoto, Japan); the highest value of La concentration (La peak ) was considered for the analyses. Endocrine responses to training were measured via SC (in ng/mL). Two saliva samples (4 mL) were collected using Salivettes (Sarstedt Ltd, Nümbrecht, Germany

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Ana C. Holt, Daniel J. Plews, Katherine T. Oberlin-Brown, Fabrice Merien and Andrew E. Kilding

drool using minimal orofacial movement, 10 minutes following mouth rinse with water. Only water was consumed between pre- and post-IT saliva collections. Approximately 2-mL samples were collected into sterile bijou containers (LabserveTM, Auckland, NZ). Samples were stored at −20°C until batch analysis

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Emma M. Crum, Matthew J. Barnes and Stephen R. Stannard

. ( 2005 ). Apples increase nitric oxide production by human saliva at the acidic pH of the stomach: A new biological function for polyphenols with a catechol group? Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 39 ( 5 ), 668 – 681 . PubMed ID: 16085185 doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2005.04.021 10.1016/j