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Francesco Campa, Catarina N. Matias, Elisabetta Marini, Steven B. Heymsfield, Stefania Toselli, Luís B. Sardinha and Analiza M. Silva

of 99.0% NaBr (Sigma-Aldrich) per kg of body weight, diluted in 50 mL of distilled-deionized water. Baseline samples of saliva were collected before NaBr oral dose administration, and enriched samples were collected 3-hour postdose administration. ICW was calculated as the difference between TBW and

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Gregory Knell, Deborah Salvo, Kerem Shuval, Casey Durand, Harold W. Kohl III and Kelley P. Gabriel

analysis of ‘compliant participants’ to those returning the data collection instrument with valid data. For example, saliva sampling costs approximately $20 each for the data collection instrument (not including postage). The lower cost, and the fact that the data collection instrument cannot be reused for

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Hayden J. Pritchard, Matthew J. Barnes, Robin J. Stewart, Justin W. Keogh and Michael R. McGuigan

performed at the same time of day (±1 h). Resting Measures Saliva was collected and CK measured using previously described techniques. 17 Saliva samples were analyzed in duplicate according to manufacturer’s instructions using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA; DRG International, Springfield, NJ

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Mário A.M. Simim, Marco Túlio de Mello, Bruno V.C. Silva, Dayane F. Rodrigues, João Paulo P. Rosa, Bruno Pena Couto and Andressa da Silva

PS GPS DL Leicht et al. ( 2012 ) 14 WR SCI (C6–C7) 12 ± 5 – 14 ± 3 hr/week 12 predefined time points over 5 months during squad’s training for World Championships TRA [IgA] sIgA Saliva flow rate ELISA     Sarro et al. ( 2010 ) 8 WR SCI (cervical), AMP   13 ± 5   Final match of 2008 Demolition Derby

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Laura E. Juliff, Jeremiah J. Peiffer and Shona L. Halson

venepuncture. 11 In the researcher’s absence, participants collected the overnight samples at each designated time point and documented the collection time to ensure adherence to time in the subsequent trial. Once received, saliva samples were stored at −20°C as instructed by the manufacturer (Stratech

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Philippe Richard, Lymperis P. Koziris, Mathieu Charbonneau, Catherine Naulleau, Jonathan Tremblay and François Billaut

supplementation intake until the end of the experiment. Athletes were also not allowed to consume any mouthwash or chewing gum during periods of supplement consumption and saliva collection. All participants provided written informed consent after being informed of the experimental procedures, associated risks

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

. In addition, during these 7 days, participants rated their negative affect (e.g., sad, anxious, nervous) on a tablet application four times a day (waking, 11 a.m., 4 p.m., 9 p.m.) and provided a saliva sample (to assess cortisol) at the same times. The results showed that higher negative affect was

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Mayur K. Ranchordas, George King, Mitchell Russell, Anthony Lynn and Mark Russell

previously been reported that caffeine present in chewing gum is primarily absorbed through the buccal mucosa which has an excellent vascular supply and thus an excellent rate of absorption ( Kamimori et al., 2002 ). It is likely that when gum is chewed, some caffeine is released into the saliva, swallowed

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Emma M. Crum, Matthew J. Barnes and Stephen R. Stannard

. ( 2005 ). Apples increase nitric oxide production by human saliva at the acidic pH of the stomach: A new biological function for polyphenols with a catechol group? Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 39 ( 5 ), 668 – 681 . PubMed ID: 16085185 doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2005.04.021 10.1016/j

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Stephanie K. Gaskell, Rhiannon M.J. Snipe and Ricardo J.S. Costa

ultra-marathon on circulatory endotoxin and cytokine profile . International Journal of Sports Medicine, 36 , 688 – 695 . PubMed ID: 25941924 doi:10.1055/s-0034-1398535 10.1055/s-0034-1398535 Gill , S.K. , Price , M. , & Costa , R.J. ( 2016b ). Measurement of saliva flow rate in healthy young