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Mohsen Shafizadeh, Nicola Theis and Keith Davids

–ground collision during running ( Derrick et al., 1998 ), leading to high ground reaction forces during the stance phase of running. The events surrounding these collisions are the main source of impact shock, which is transmitted through the leg and rest of the body ( Gruber et al., 2014 ). One important effect

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Gemma V. Espí-López, Pilar Serra-Añó, David Cobo-Pascual, Manuel Zarzoso, Luis Suso-Martí, Ferran Cuenca-Martínez and Marta Inglés

, with the patient standing barefoot (double-limb stance, single-limb stance, double-limb stance and throwing and catching a ball with and without jumping, and single-limb stance and throwing and catching a ball with and without jumping on different rehabilitation tools: Dynair, Bosu, Minitramp, and Foam

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Alexandra F. DeJong, L. Colby Mangum, Jacob E. Resch and Susan A. Saliba

hypothesized that subjects exhibiting MKD would demonstrate decreased gluteal muscle activity compared with subjects with healthy movement patterns, and that most notable differences would be at the Gmed during the stance phase of gait. Methods Design For this descriptive laboratory study, bilateral muscle

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Cody L. Sipe, Kevin D. Ramey, Phil P. Plisky and James D. Taylor

limb while in a single-limb stance on a centralized platform. It was developed from the star excursion balance test (SEBT) in an attempt to address common sources of error and method variation noted in the SEBT ( Plisky, Gorman, Butler, Underwood, & Elkins, 2009 ). The SEBT has been shown to be a valid

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Megan B. Shreffler

asked to rate their level of agreement with stances on a number of contentious topics. An example of an item on the survey was “I believe transgender athletes should have to compete with the sex in which they were born.” Giving the survey on the first day of the semester allowed students to provide

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John D. McCamley, Eric L. Cutler, Kendra K. Schmid, Shane R. Wurdeman, Jason M. Johanning, Iraklis I. Pipinos and Sara A. Myers

comprehensive understanding of PAD causal mechanisms is needed to promote improved functional outcomes. A notable consequence of PAD is altered spatiotemporal gait parameters. Patients with PAD have been reported to walk with decreased step length, cadence, and velocity and with increased stance time and step

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Justin P. Waxman, Kevin R. Ford, Anh-Dung Nguyen and Jeffrey B. Taylor

bony injury (eg, tibial stress fractures) by reducing their ability to attenuate lower-extremity shock during the stance phase of such activity. 2 , 14 Similarly, too little stiffness is suggested to increase one’s risk for soft-tissue injury (eg, anterior cruciate ligament and Achilles tendon injury

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Stephen M. Glass, Brian L. Cone, Christopher K. Rhea, Donna M. Duffy and Scott E. Ross

differences in balance, for example, by identifying and subtracting linear trends related to height. 23 , 24 However, recent evidence suggests that associations between postural sway and individual anthropometry differ by sex, not to mention other factors, such as stance condition. 25 , 26 These potentially

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Christian A. Clermont, Sean T. Osis, Angkoon Phinyomark and Reed Ferber

at 2.7 m/s while wearing standard shoes (Air Pegasus; Nike, Beaverton, OR). Data Processing Kinematic joint angles were calculated using 3D GAIT custom software (Running Injury Clinic Inc., Calgary, Alberta, Canada) and normalized to 100 data points for an entire gait cycle (stance and swing phases

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Cédrick T. Bonnet

a fixation task performed upright, the images on the retina are always changing ( Aytekin & Rucci, 2012 ). In the literature reports, many investigators have studied the interaction between visual functions and postural control in an upright stance (e.g.,  Giveans Yoshida, Bardy, Riley, & Stoffregen