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Benjamin R. Wilson, Kaley E. Robertson, Jeremy M. Burnham, Michael C. Yonz, Mary Lloyd Ireland and Brian Noehren

aspect of the anterior–superior iliac spine to the distal tip of the ipsilateral medial malleolus. To calculate the composite score, the sum of maximum reaches in each of the 3 directions was divided by 3 times the leg length. 3 Strength Testing Peak isometric hip external rotation, hip abduction, and

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James J. Hannigan, Louis R. Osternig and Li-Shan Chou

would be a significant, moderate correlation between hip abduction strength and hip adduction excursion, which was supported by our results. While we cannot say definitively without electromyography (EMG) measurements, the gluteus medius was likely recruited during the hip abduction strength test. The

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Samuel Ryan, Emidio Pacecca, Jye Tebble, Joel Hocking, Thomas Kempton and Aaron J. Coutts

availability for competition. 4 Recent research and technological advances have increased the number of tools available to assess constructs of fitness and fatigue. These tools include submaximal heart rate tests, 5 countermovement jumps (CMJs), 6 lower limb muscular strength tests, 7 and perceptual

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Cody R. Butler, Kirsten Allen, Lindsay J. DiStefano and Lindsey K. Lepley

moderate to vigorous physical activity and had lower daily step counts, which are variables that have a direct effect on cardiovascular health. Almeida et al 2 evaluated the cardiovascular system via VO 2 max and ventilatory thresholds, as well as a knee function questionnaire, isokinetic strength test

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Dae-Hyun Kim, Jin-Hee Lee, Seul-Min Yu and Chang-Man An

lateralis (VL), and rectus femoris (RF) muscles during the isometric strength test, and measured each muscle activity in 3 different ankle positions. The muscle activity recordings were obtained by bipolar circular surface electrodes (Ag/Cl; 0.8 cm diameter) placed on each muscle at a fixed interelectrode

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Mark A. Feger, Luke Donovan, C. Collin Herb, Geoffrey G. Handsfield, Silvia S. Blemker, Joseph M. Hart, Susan A. Saliba, Mark F. Abel, Joseph S. Park and Jay Hertel

with the exception of a smaller field of view (250 × 250 mm) and commensurately higher resolution. 19 Due to the smaller field of view for the intrinsic foot muscles, a Siemens 4-channel large flex coil was utilized to increase signal-to-noise ratio. 19 Four-Way Ankle Strength Testing Ankle strength

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Shaun O’Leary, Carlijn Hoogma, Øystein Molland Solberg, Sara Sundberg, Ashley Pedler and Luke Van Wyk

(1.58 N·m [12.4%] less, P  = .03) and CTE (4.7 N·m [17.9%] less, P  = .01) strength tests, but not for the CCF (0.29 N·m [3.6%] less) or CCE (0.98 N·m [9%] less) strength tests ( P  > .24) (Table  1 ). The CTE:CCF strength ratio was lower in the idiopathic neck pain group ( P  = .01), but no group

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Benjamin S. Killen, Krista L. Zelizney and Xin Ye

rest. The baseline (pre) tests were then conducted at the following order: NONDOM hip-flexion passive ROM (pre-ROM) and NONDOM hamstrings isometric strength testing (pre-MVIC). Following the baseline tests, one of the intervention protocols was performed: Static stretching: the SS protocol consisted of

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Bin Chen, Yichao Zhao, Xianxin Cao, Guojiong Hu, Lincoln B. Chen and Wenxin Niu

shoulder rotators imbalance. 17 – 19 These imbalanced shoulder rotators could not stabilize the humeral head to the center of glenoid, which contributes to increase the risk of impingement. 20 Isokinetic muscle strength testing is commonly used to evaluate eccentric and concentric peak torque of the

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Pier Paolo Mariani, Luca Laudani, Jacopo E. Rocchi, Arrigo Giombini and Andrea Macaluso

Strength testing was carried out in all patients the day before surgery (time 0), and at 60 (time 1) and 90 (time 2) days after surgery. Each patient warmed up on an exercise bicycle for 5 minutes at a low resistance before performing the strength test. All participants were tested for MVIC of the knee