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Susan Y. Kwiecien, Malachy P. McHugh, Stuart Goodall, Kirsty M. Hicks, Angus M. Hunter and Glyn Howatson

quadriceps for 3 hours in terms of the magnitude of reduction in vastus lateralis intramuscular temperature. Ultimately, PCM treatment provided a sustained decrease in intramuscular temperature that was maintained for the 3 hours of application (Figure  2 ) and a more gradual recovery (Figure  3 ). However

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Douglas J. Casa, Samuel N. Cheuvront, Stuart D. Galloway and Susan M. Shirreffs

dehydration. Although the risk of dehydration is low in the events themselves due to their short durations (< 2 to < 30 min), moderate risk for these events stems from daily high and sustained sweat losses which could carry over to negatively affect training and performance from day-to-day. Fluid availability

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and Prescription Methods in Sprint Kayaking Cruz Hogan * Martyn J. Binnie * Matthew Doyle * Leanne Lester * Peter Peeling * 18 11 2019 1 05 2020 15 5 654 662 10.1123/ijspp.2019-0190 ijspp.2019-0190 The Multidisciplinary Process Leading to Return From Underperformance and Sustainable Success

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Fernando Klitzke Borszcz, Artur Ferreira Tramontin and Vitor Pereira Costa

and noninvasive test (eg, 60-min time trial [TT]; FTP 60 ) for predicting MLSS. 4 The time that a trained (T) or well-trained (WT) cyclist sustains until exhaustion at MLSS intensity is approximately 60 minutes; however, there is great individual variability (range, 30–70 min). 5 – 8 In addition, as

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Erin Calaine Inglis, Danilo Iannetta, Daniel A. Keir and Juan M. Murias

the investigators, throughout the 7-month season, the participants aimed to improve and sustain their performance level, and all participated in individual training for 5 to 6 days per week which was tracked and recorded. Overall training data included an average number of sessions of 145 (56), with a

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Louise M. Burke, Asker E. Jeukendrup, Andrew M. Jones and Martin Mooses

sustained for the distance, and running/walking economy. For example, a V ˙ O 2 max of 70 ml·kg −1 ·min −1 sustains at 90% for 10,000 m (i.e., 63 ml·kg −1 ·min −1 ) and a running economy of 190 ml·kg −1 ·km −1 translates to a sustainable speed of 19.9 km/hr [(63 × 60)/190] and an expected 10,000-m time

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Christopher Rosimus

other aspects of eating to be sustained Aim for a slow rate of weight loss Less sacrifice, easier to sustain, and minimize loss of LBM Design nutrition plans in collaboration with the athlete To ensure the plan mirrored “reality,” empower the athlete, and give her ownership of the plan Flexibility with

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maximum isometric knee flexion contraction with the knee at 90° of flexion and hip in neutral position was used to induce cramping. Outcome variables included the presence or absence of cramping (reported as none, near, unsustained or sustained) during the 5 seconds following the maximum contraction while

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Louise M. Burke, Linda M. Castell, Douglas J. Casa, Graeme L. Close, Ricardo J. S. Costa, Ben Desbrow, Shona L. Halson, Dana M. Lis, Anna K. Melin, Peter Peeling, Philo U. Saunders, Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo, Oliver C. Witard, Stéphane Bermon and Trent Stellingwerff

nutritional strategies Sprints ( Slater et al., 2019 ) 100 m, 100/110 m hurdles 200, 400, 400 m hurdles 4 × 100, 4 × 400 relays • Performance determined primarily by reaction time, acceleration, maximum running velocity, and the ability to sustain this in the presence of increasing fatigue • Large dependence

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Hugh H.K. Fullagar, Robert McCunn and Andrew Murray

and colleagues 13 also separately analyzed the intensity, number, and distribution of impact forces experienced by players during competition, using integrated accelerometry. Within the offensive groups, WRs sustained more 5 to 6.5 G force impacts (moderate to light) than other position groups