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Alan J. McCubbin, Gregory R. Cox and Ricardo J.S. Costa

Baker , L.B. ( 2017 ). Sweating rate and sweat sodium concentration in athletes: A review of methodology and intra/interindividual variability . Sports Medicine, 47 ( Suppl. 1 ), 111 – 128 . doi:10.1007/s40279-017-0691-5 10.1007/s40279-017-0691-5 Coles , M.G. , & Luetkemeier , M.J. ( 2005

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Steve H. Faulkner, Iris Broekhuijzen, Margherita Raccuglia, Maarten Hupperets, Simon G. Hodder and George Havenith

/investigator interaction, 20% intervals were chosen. On completion of the time trial, participants were reweighed and sweat rate calculated as the change in body mass corrected for fluid intake over time. Cooling Garments The cooling ensemble consisted of vest and sleeves that were constructed of a breathable mesh fabric

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Nicki Winfield Almquist, Gertjan Ettema, James Hopker, Øyvind Sandbakk and Bent R. Rønnestad

familiarization and replicated on experimental tests. Participants consumed on average 3.2 (0.1) L and 3.2 (0.1) L of energy drink and water, and 277.3 (16.5) g and 273.6 (15.2) g of carbohydrate in E&S and E , respectively. The estimated sweat rate, measured as change in body mass and considering water

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Ben T. Stephenson, Sven P. Hoekstra, Keith Tolfrey and Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey

. However, it is not known how other thermoregulatory variables (eg,  T sk , heart rate, sweat rate) may have differed between groups in the current study. A novel feature of this study was to record T sk changes throughout a field-based competitive triathlon. In the subset of athletes in whom T sk was

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Oliver R. Barley, Dale W. Chapman, Georgios Mavropalias and Chris R. Abbiss

postacclimation, participants lost approximately 4% of their body mass, with this amount of weight loss being similar to that observed in competitive combat sports. 2 However, participants were able to lose the weight significantly faster following heat acclimation (possibly due to increased sweat rate), which

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-reported hot flush frequency and severity were recorded before and after the intervention. Physiological hot flushes were recorded through measurement of skin blood flow and sweat rate, from which thresholds for vasodilation and sweating could be established. Following training, no significant changes in

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Louise M. Burke, Asker E. Jeukendrup, Andrew M. Jones and Martin Mooses

large volumes despite high sweat rates explains BM losses of up to 10% in race winners in hot-weather marathons (e.g.,  Beis et al., 2012 ). We recommend that athletes develop a personalized and practiced race plan that optimizes fluid and CHO status within the prevailing conditions and opportunities of

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estimate change in plasma volume (ΔPV). Pre- and post-practice body weight (BW) and total body water (TBW) were measured by bioelectrical impedance scale. Additionally, fluid intake and sweat rate (g/h) were calculated. Basing on USG, UC and Uosm of morning urine samples: 60%, 28% and 20% of subjects were

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Bareket Falk, Panagiota Klentrou, Neil Armstrong, Thomas Rowland and Han C.G. Kemper

children’s thermoregulatory capability, especially during exercise in the heat and their allegedly low heat tolerance ( 13 ). At the time, in view of the observed differences between children and adults (particularly, children’s lower sweating rate), it was widely assumed that children were at a relative

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Hans Braun, Judith von Andrian-Werburg, Wilhelm Schänzer and Mario Thevis

recommended 40 mL/kg/d ( 10 ). Considering the variability in sweat rates during adolescence ( 12 ), the fluid needs of young athletes should be monitored regularly. Young athletes should be encouraged to be sufficiently hydrated before training and matches, especially in hot environments. Methodological