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Hans Braun, Judith von Andrian-Werburg, Wilhelm Schänzer and Mario Thevis

consumed outside of meals are prone to under-reporting ( 35 ). Apart from this source of error, urine specific gravity, weight loss during training, and urine color were not measured, therefore, limiting the significance of these values. However, it is noticeable that 44% of the players did not meet the

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prediction equations significantly underestimated RMR compared to measured values (range 39-401 kcal). In line with other athletic populations the Cunningham equation appears to be the most accurate for predicting resting metabolic rate in female 7s players. Reliability of Three Urine Specific Gravity Meters

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Alan J. McCubbin, Bethanie A. Allanson, Joanne N. Caldwell Odgers, Michelle M. Cort, Ricardo J.S. Costa, Gregory R. Cox, Siobhan T. Crawshay, Ben Desbrow, Eliza G. Freney, Stephanie K. Gaskell, David Hughes, Chris Irwin, Ollie Jay, Benita J. Lalor, Megan L.R. Ross, Gregory Shaw, Julien D. Périard and Louise M. Burke

reliable if not well rested and after recent large changes in fluid balance, or with intake of water-soluble vitamin supplements Urine specific gravity Simple for practitioners to operate provides quantitative result Equipment cost, some level of expertise required to operate, indirect measure, may not be

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Ricardo J.S. Costa, Beat Knechtle, Mark Tarnopolsky and Martin D. Hoffman

valuable as it results in plasma volume expansion. • Oliguria (limited urine output) is not necessarily a sign of dehydration. Avoid using urine measures of hydration (e.g., urine color, urine specific gravity, and urine osmolality) as a method of monitoring hydration status during ultramarathon running

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. Hydration status was assessed to determine if participants were euhydrated using urine specific gravity (Usg). Male specific prediction equations (Durnin and Womersley (D&W), Evans, Lohman, Reilly, Withers and Zemski) were selected to estimate %BF. Spearman’s correlation was used to assess the relationship

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ambient temperature) with ad libitum access to fluids. Urine specific gravity (USG), osmolality (Uosm) and colour (UC) were assessed in first morning, pre-exercise and post-exercise urine samples. Haemoglobin and haematocrit were determined in capillary blood samples collected before and after practice to

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Kayleigh R. Erickson, Gregory J. Grosicki, Mara Mercado and Bryan L. Riemann

was verified by ensuring participant’s urine-specific gravity was above 1.0. Height and weight were measured for each participant using a wall-mounted stadiometer and a calibrated digital scale, respectively. Bone mineralization measurements and analyses were obtained via DXA (Lunar iDXA; GE

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Kevin C. Miller, Brendon P. McDermott and Susan W. Yeargin

-971982 Osterberg , K.L. , Horswill , C.A. , & Baker , L.B. ( 2009 ). Pregame urine specific gravity and fluid intake by National Basketball Association players during competition . Journal of Athletic Training, 44 ( 1 ), 53 – 57 . PubMed ID: 19180219 doi:10.4085/1062-6050-44.1.53 10