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Anna Bjerkefors, Johanna S. Rosén, Olga Tarassova and Anton Arndt

is, 2 markers on each side of the transducers and 2 markers on each side of the flywheel rotation center to create virtual markers at the fixed points where the rope runs into the ergometer flywheel on each side. The transducers were connected to an amplifier (Type 5073; Kistler Instruments AG), and

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Fawaz A. Alwadani, Huaqing Liang and Alexander S. Aruin

; Pijnappels, Delbaere, Sturnieks, & Lord, 2010 ). Although our study allowed obtaining data related to standing on inclined surfaces, it did not involve high heights. Future studies using the virtual reality paradigm, that simulate an actual work condition, could be beneficial to analyzing the risk associated

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Jared R. Fletcher and Brian R. MacIntosh

method is based on the principle of virtual work, 2 which assumes that a constant force is applied to the tendon. A constant force will allow a constant tendon length, so the measured tendon excursion represents a true displacement. In vivo, it is assumed that when no external moment acts on the joint

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Kent A. Lorenz, Hans van der Mars, Pamela Hodges Kulinna, Barbara E. Ainsworth and Melbourne F. Hovell

encourage participation. c Reinforcement of PA participation was offered by research personnel through nonverbal gestures (eg, fist bump), verbal praise (eg, “Great seeing you today!”), or earning tokens (eg, virtual tokens as a stamp in a PA passport to earn prizes or immediate tangible rewards such as

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Logan A. Lucas, Benjamin S. England, Travis W. Mason, Christopher R. Lanning, Taylor M. Miller, Alexander M. Morgan and Thomas Gus Almonroeder

ecological validity (eg, athletes react to a virtual defender). 32 , 33 It is also important to note that our results may not generalize to more experienced athletes with greater expertise, as elite athletes may be better equipped to control their movement when there are temporal constraints on decision

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Jonathan D. Connor, Robert G. Crowther and Wade H. Sinclair

global body displacement of a rugby player . The International Journal of Virtual Reality, 8 ( 4 ), 31 – 36 . Brault , S. , Bideau , B. , Kulpa , R. , & Craig , C.M. ( 2012 ). Detecting deceptive movement: The case of the side-step in rugby . PLoS ONE, 7 ( 6 ), 37494 . doi:10

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, memory, and prediction. I will discuss these factors in the context of walking and interception tasks in both real and virtual environments. Keynote Speakers Keynote Speaker: Motor Development Infants’ actions broaden their mind Gustaf Gredebäck, University of Uppsala, Sweden Three suggestions are

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Rob van der Straaten, Oren Tirosh, William A. (Tony) Sparrow and Rezaul Begg

coordination . J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci . 2005 ; 60 : 312 – 319 . PubMed ID: 15860466 doi:10.1093/gerona/60.3.312 15860466 10.1093/gerona/60.3.312 11. Baram Y , Miller A . Virtual reality cues for improvement of gait in patients with multiple sclerosis . Neurology . 2006 ; 66 : 178 – 181

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Lana M. Pfaff and Michael E. Cinelli

. Participants were outfitted with two rear-facing rigid bodies (one on the head and one on the right scapula), which were used as references for five digitized virtual markers (left and right ears, left and right glenohumeral joints, and the 10th thoracic vertebrae). The digitized points were used to calculate