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Fawaz A. Alwadani, Huaqing Liang and Alexander S. Aruin

; Pijnappels, Delbaere, Sturnieks, & Lord, 2010 ). Although our study allowed obtaining data related to standing on inclined surfaces, it did not involve high heights. Future studies using the virtual reality paradigm, that simulate an actual work condition, could be beneficial to analyzing the risk associated

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Bettina Karsten, Jonathan Baker, Fernando Naclerio, Andreas Klose, Antonino Bianco and Alfred Nimmerichter

pedal force at the start of each TT. To replicate real-world TT cycling, participants consequently used a self-pacing strategy where gearing was adjusted throughout efforts using the virtual gear changer mounted to the handlebars. Feedback over elapsed time and strong encouragement were provided

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Marco J. Konings and Florentina J. Hettinga

of pacing behavior. 2 , 4 As shown before in observational and experimental studies, an opponent could be such an affordance, inviting exercisers to adjust their pacing behavior. 4 – 6 For example, the presence of a virtual opponent has been revealed to improve performance. 5 , 7 – 9 Moreover

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Anna Bjerkefors, Johanna S. Rosén, Olga Tarassova and Anton Arndt

is, 2 markers on each side of the transducers and 2 markers on each side of the flywheel rotation center to create virtual markers at the fixed points where the rope runs into the ergometer flywheel on each side. The transducers were connected to an amplifier (Type 5073; Kistler Instruments AG), and

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Sarah M. Coppola, Philippe C. Dixon, Boyi Hu, Michael Y.C. Lin and Jack T. Dennerlein

. Santa Monica, CA : Human Factors and Ergonomics Society . 2. Varcholik PD , LaViola JJ , Hughes CE . Establishing a baseline for text entry for a multi-touch virtual keyboard . Int J Hum Comput Stud . 2012 ; 70 : 657 – 672 . doi:10.1016/j.ijhcs.2012.05.007 10.1016/j.ijhcs.2012.05.007 3

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Jonathan D. Connor, Robert G. Crowther and Wade H. Sinclair

global body displacement of a rugby player . The International Journal of Virtual Reality, 8 ( 4 ), 31 – 36 . Brault , S. , Bideau , B. , Kulpa , R. , & Craig , C.M. ( 2012 ). Detecting deceptive movement: The case of the side-step in rugby . PLoS ONE, 7 ( 6 ), 37494 . doi:10

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Logan A. Lucas, Benjamin S. England, Travis W. Mason, Christopher R. Lanning, Taylor M. Miller, Alexander M. Morgan and Thomas Gus Almonroeder

ecological validity (eg, athletes react to a virtual defender). 32 , 33 It is also important to note that our results may not generalize to more experienced athletes with greater expertise, as elite athletes may be better equipped to control their movement when there are temporal constraints on decision

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, memory, and prediction. I will discuss these factors in the context of walking and interception tasks in both real and virtual environments. Keynote Speakers Keynote Speaker: Motor Development Infants’ actions broaden their mind Gustaf Gredebäck, University of Uppsala, Sweden Three suggestions are

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Gerda Strutzenberger, Adam Brazil, Timothy Exell, Hans von Lieres und Wilkau, John D. Davies, Steffen Willwacher, Johannes Funken, Ralf Müller, Kai Heinrich, Hermann Schwameder, Wolfgang Potthast and Gareth Irwin

, a virtual toe marker was created half-way between the 2 RSP markers. Step length and width were identified using the toe markers. Step frequency of the first step was calculated as 1/(first stance contact time + flight time) and step velocity as the product of step frequency and step length. Kinetic