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Amy J. Hector and Stuart M. Phillips

limited, studies in overweight/obese adults or situations in energy balance are discussed, and the potential implications for weight loss in athletes will be highlighted. For additional weight management strategies in athletes beyond protein and dietary supplements, we refer the interested reader to a

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Nicola Brown and Yasmin Bowmer

college students were more intrinsically motivated to participate in sport, compared to exercise in which they were more extrinsically motivated. Females also reported weight management as a motivator to PA significantly more than males did. Selection bias is a recurring limitation of research in this

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Byungmo Ku, Megan MacDonald, Bridget Hatfield and Kathy Gunter

PA, such as improved brain and cognitive development ( Chaddock-Heyman, Hillman, Cohen, & Kramer, 2014 ), improved cardiovascular function ( Jenkins, Evenson, Herring, Hales, & Stevens, 2017 ), improved mental health, and improved weight management ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015

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Adam M. Hyde, Robert G. McMurray, Frank A. Chavoya and Daniela A. Rubin

a crucial component for weight management in addition to dietary control and growth hormone replacement therapy (GHRT) ( 8 ). Interestingly, children with excess body weight have been shown to have increased ventilatory responses during submaximal exercise ( 18 ). Because of the altered regulation

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Molly P. O’Sullivan, Matthew R. Nagy, Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

rapid weight gain in most people, including children ( 9 ). If children are able to consistently increase their total daily PAEE and subsequently their 24-hour energy expenditure, the inclusion of intermittent activity breaks may also have important implications for pediatric weight management programs

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Jose Morales, Carla Ubasart, Mónica Solana-Tramunt, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Luis-Millán González, David Fukuda and Emerson Franchini

strategies, and it was confirmed that the RWL group had undertaken greater than 3% body mass reductions through dehydration and energy restriction in the 48 hours prior to the weigh-in. Furthermore, the PWL group reported that they had lost more than 3% of their body mass but had begun the weight management

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George Wilson, Dan Martin, James P. Morton and Graeme L. Close

, J.R. , Morton , J.P. , & Close , G.L. ( 2018 ). Energy expenditure in professional flat jockeys using doubly labelled water during the racing season: Implications for body weight management . European Journal of Sport Science, 18 ( 2 ), 235 – 242 . PubMed ID: 29215970 doi:10

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Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Maria I. Maraki, Eleni Karfopoulou, Yannis Koutras, Stavrie Chrysostomou, Costas A. Anastasiou, Stavros A. Kavouras and Mary Yannakoulia

. Moreover, physical activity was evaluated by a self-reported questionnaire, known to provide modest associations with objective measures of PA. 28 However, self-reported questionnaires are the instrument of choice in large weight management studies, 29 and the IPAQ is the most widely used one, presenting

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Andrea Torres, Bethany Tennant, Isabela Ribeiro-Lucas, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Katrina Piercy and Bonny Bloodgood

scientific evidence and developing a scientific report to inform the second edition of the guidelines. The committee evaluated the literature through 9 subcommittees and 1 work group: aging, brain health, cancer, cardiometabolic health and weight management, exposure, individuals with chronic conditions

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Reid Reale, Gary Slater, Gregory R. Cox, Ian C. Dunican and Louise M. Burke

. , Slater , G. , & Burke , L.M. ( 2017 ). Weight management practices of Australian Olympic combat sport athletes . International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 1 – 26 . PubMed doi:10.1123/ijspp.2016-0553 Robertson , G.L. , Shelton , R.L. , & Athar , S. ( 1976 ). The