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Jason R. Boynton, Fabian Danner, Paolo Menaspà, Jeremiah J. Peiffer and Chris R. Abbiss

performance in a well-trained cyclist population. Galloway and Maughan 2 examined the time to exhaustion under a range of T A , but of note, the mean maximal oxygen consumption (VO 2 max) for these subjects (∼56 mL/kg/min) was below what the literature would consider “well-trained” endurance athletes. 15

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Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Wendy J. Brown, Tina L. Skinner and G.M.E.E. (Geeske) Peeters

regulates the speed or effort as desired (eg, washing dishes, vacuuming), measured EE was up to 50% lower than CPA estimates. This may be explained by the common assumption that resting VO 2 is a standard 3.5 mL·kg −1 ·min −1 , which may be 20% to 30% too high in older adults, 13 resulting in an

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Morgan Potter, John C. Spence, Normand Boulé, Jodie A. Stearns and Valerie Carson

average of the 2 or 3 measures. Cardiovascular fitness was measured using the modified Canadian Aerobic Fitness Test. This is a multistage step test where participants are encouraged to continue until they reach 85% of their predicted heart rate max (220 − age) ( 9 ). Predicted maximal aerobic power (VO 2

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Katja Krustrup Pedersen, Esben Lykke Skovgaard, Ryan Larsen, Mikkel Stengaard, Søren Sørensen and Kristian Overgaard

, & Pfeiffer, 2016 ). However, it remains to be determined whether there is a correlation between accelerometer output and oxygen consumption (VO 2 , ml·min −1 ·kg −1 ) during high-speed running. It has been proposed that the plateau phenomenon is caused by the built-in filtering of the accelerometer signals

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Natalie Frost, Michael Weinborn, Gilles E. Gignac, Shaun Markovic, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Ralph N. Martins, Jeremiah J. Peiffer and Belinda M. Brown

oxygen consumption (VO 2 max; Kramer et al., 1999 ). There are other studies that support the “selective improvement” hypothesis; however, they appear to selectively measure executive functioning subdomains or report composite (summary) scores of executive function. For example, a cross-sectional study

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Alis Bonsignore, David Field, Rebecca Speare, Lianne Dolan, Paul Oh and Daniel Santa Mina

to compare the CR outcomes of men with CVD and PCa to men with CVD without a history of PCa, including cardiorespiratory fitness (measured as VO 2 peak), cardiac hemodynamic profiles, body fat percentage, and body mass index (BMI). Methods Study Design This is a retrospective, longitudinal

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Andrés Pérez, Domingo J. Ramos-Campo, Cristian Marín-Pagan, Francisco J. Martínez-Noguera, Linda H. Chung and Pedro E. Alcaraz

Interestingly, POL has shown to improve VO 2 peak, anaerobic threshold, aerobic efficiency, time to exhaustion during an incremental test, 14 finishing time in 10-km races, 13 and running economy in ultrarunners. 9 In addition, fat metabolism has a key role in endurance events. 15 The maximal fat oxidation

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Marc-Olivier St-Aubin, Philippe Chalaye, François-Pierre Counil and Sylvie Lafrenaye

activity in adolescents relates to the capacity to modulate their pain perception. To fill this gap, most investigations have reported analgesic responses after running or cycling (of various intensity and duration). Thresholds have been identified for both the intensity (50% VO 2 max) and duration (10 min

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Yongming Li, Margot Niessen, Xiaoping Chen and Ulrich Hartmann

extrapolation of the linear relationship between the intensity and oxygen uptake (VO 2 ) during submaximal (35–90% VO 2 max) exercise and calculates the energy into aerobic and anaerobic portions. The 3-component method subdivides the anaerobic portion into lactic and alactic shares. 14 , 15 The anaerobic

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Cyril Granier, Chris R. Abbiss, Anaël Aubry, Yvon Vauchez, Sylvain Dorel, Christophe Hausswirth and Yann Le Meur

in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Table 1 Physiological Characteristics of the XCO-MTB Cyclists (N = 8) Mean (SD) Range Age, y 22.4 (3.4) 19–28 Height, cm 179 (3) 173–183 Mass, kg 65.4 (3.5) 60.5–72.0 VO 2 max, mL·min −1 ·kg −1 79.9 (5.2) 73.4–88.0 VO 2 max, L·min −1 5.2 (0.3) 4