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Nisha Botchwey, Myron F. Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L. Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L. Schmid, Terry L. Conway, J. Aaron Hipp, Anna J. Kim, M. Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L. Walker, Tina J. Kauh and Jim F. Sallis

risk. 1 , 2 The same populations often have limited access to safe places and quality programs for physical activity (PA). 3 To help ensure that children grow up at a healthy weight, daily or regular PA is recommended. 4 Improvements in PA environments in neighborhood settings, where children

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Jessica Ross and Peter D. MacIntyre

pursuits ( Csikszentmihalyi, 1975 , 2009 ). Flow is a state of consciousness in which individuals are completely absorbed in an activity, formally defined as “the intense experiential involvement in moment-to-moment activity, which can be either physical or mental ” ( Csikszentmihalyi, 2009 , p. 394

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Kenneth E. Powell, Abby C. King, David M. Buchner, Wayne W. Campbell, Loretta DiPietro, Kirk I. Erickson, Charles H. Hillman, John M. Jakicic, Kathleen F. Janz, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William E. Kraus, Richard F. Macko, David X. Marquez, Anne McTiernan, Russell R. Pate, Linda S. Pescatello and Melicia C. Whitt-Glover

Regular physical activity is associated with a wide range of health benefits. 1 Unfortunately, only about 20% of adults and high school aged youth meet the current federal guidelines for both aerobic and muscle-strengthening physical activity. 2 In 2016, the US Department of Health and Human

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Judith Godin, Joanna M. Blodgett, Kenneth Rockwood and Olga Theou

Researchers have examined the connection between different intensities of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and frailty ( Kehler et al., 2018 ). What has received less attention is that increasing time spent in one type of activity inherently means decreasing time spent in another type of

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Chris Knoester and Theo Randolph

Research on the benefits of father involvement in children’s lives has become common ( Lamb & Lewis, 2010 ; Sarkadi et al., 2008 ). Similarly, a great deal of work has been done on the implications of sports and other physical activities for health outcomes ( Kahan & McKenzie, 2015 ; Project Play

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Kavita A. Gavand, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, Brian E. Saelens, Lawrence D. Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz and James F. Sallis

In adolescents, regular physical activity (PA) helps to improve body composition, cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, metabolic health biomarkers, bone health, and mental health. 1 It is recommended that youth participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for at least 60 minutes

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Kerstin Gerst Emerson and Jennifer Gay

higher prevalence of hypertension, obesity, and diabetes ( Mensah, Mokdad, Ford, Greenlund, & Croft, 2005 ). The disparity in risk factors is particularly intriguing because they are more amenable to interventions, such as increasing physical activity. Epidemiologic evidence consistently points to a

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Buffie Longmire-Avital, Takudzwa Madzima and Elyse Bierut

-intensity physical activity or 75 min of vigorous-intensity physical activity each week. One of the most important benefits of physical activity and exercise is decreased morbidity and mortality ( Brown, Burton, & Rowan, 2007 ; Kokkinos & Myers, 2010 ). Not only does physical activity help to prevent diseases such

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Pilar Lavielle Sotomayor, Gerardo Huitron Bravo, Analí López Fernández and Juan Talavera Piña

Increased physical activity (PA) could reduce the frequency of chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, and colon cancer by up to 10% 1 ; it can also increase life expectancy 2 and lower health care cost. 3 Therefore, promoting PA in the general population should be a

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Kristen Day

urban locations, changes from active to sedentary work, mechanization of housekeeping tasks, transitions toward unhealthy “industrialized” diets, the rise of sedentary recreational activities (screen time, etc), and increased motorized transportation 5 – 8 —all may help explain this increase. Overweight