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Danae Dinkel, Dipti Dev, Yage Guo, Emily Hulse, Zainab Rida, Ami Sedani and Brian Coyle

Early childhood is a critical time period for developing physical activity behaviors. 1 During this time, ∼74% of all 3- to 6-year-old children in the United States are in some form of nonparental care, and children 3 years old and younger spend an average of 29 hours per week in child care with a

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Eric T. Hyde, John D. Omura, Kathleen B. Watson, Janet E. Fulton and Susan A. Carlson

Engaging in regular physical activity is one of the most important things people of all ages can do to improve their health. 1 , 2 In 2008, the US Department of Health and Human Services released the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (Guidelines) , which contain separate physical

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Paul J. Collings, Diane Farrar, Joanna Gibson, Jane West, Sally E. Barber and John Wright

Physical activity confers myriad benefits to the uncomplicated pregnancy, 1 benefits that can have long-term health impacts for the developing fetus. 2 , 3 Our understanding that intrauterine environments can program susceptibility to future disease has developed over the last 2 decades. 4 This

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Rajni Rai, Michelle I. Jongenelis, Ben Jackson, Robert U. Newton and Simone Pettigrew

aging. Regular physical activity can delay the morbidity associated with aging and extend the years of active independent living ( Bauman, Merom, Bull, Buchner, & Fiatarone Singh, 2016 ; Rhodes, Janssen, Bredin, Warburton, & Bauman, 2017 ; Taylor, 2014 ). However, adults aged 60 and older represent

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Kavita A. Gavand, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, Brian E. Saelens, Lawrence D. Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz and James F. Sallis

In adolescents, regular physical activity (PA) helps to improve body composition, cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, metabolic health biomarkers, bone health, and mental health. 1 It is recommended that youth participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for at least 60 minutes

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Nicolas Farina and Ruth G. Lowry

The benefits of physical activity are well established, being able to prevent or delay the onset of a variety of chronic diseases ( Singh, 2002 ), as well as improving physical fitness, reducing depression, anxiety, and mortality ( Dunn, Trivedi, & O’Neal, 2001 ; Hupin et al., 2015 ; Warburton

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Pilar Lavielle Sotomayor, Gerardo Huitron Bravo, Analí López Fernández and Juan Talavera Piña

Increased physical activity (PA) could reduce the frequency of chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, and colon cancer by up to 10% 1 ; it can also increase life expectancy 2 and lower health care cost. 3 Therefore, promoting PA in the general population should be a

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Jessica Ross and Peter D. MacIntyre

pursuits ( Csikszentmihalyi, 1975 , 2009 ). Flow is a state of consciousness in which individuals are completely absorbed in an activity, formally defined as “the intense experiential involvement in moment-to-moment activity, which can be either physical or mental ” ( Csikszentmihalyi, 2009 , p. 394

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Molly P. O’Sullivan, Matthew R. Nagy, Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

Both acute and chronic exposure to physical activity have been associated with a compensatory reduction in habitual physical activity in children ( 6 ). Consistent with the ActivityStat hypothesis, when children increase their physical activity levels or energy expenditure in one domain, they may

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Kenneth E. Powell, Abby C. King, David M. Buchner, Wayne W. Campbell, Loretta DiPietro, Kirk I. Erickson, Charles H. Hillman, John M. Jakicic, Kathleen F. Janz, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William E. Kraus, Richard F. Macko, David X. Marquez, Anne McTiernan, Russell R. Pate, Linda S. Pescatello and Melicia C. Whitt-Glover

Regular physical activity is associated with a wide range of health benefits. 1 Unfortunately, only about 20% of adults and high school aged youth meet the current federal guidelines for both aerobic and muscle-strengthening physical activity. 2 In 2016, the US Department of Health and Human