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Noora J. Ronkainen, Amanda Shuman and Lin Xu

nature of running culture, gender inequality is naturalized in distance running (i.e., the ideal runner is a male), and female bodies are constructed as barriers to achievement. Overcoming these barriers was an individual responsibility within a discourse that presumed running as an equal opportunity

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Mark Norman, Katelyn Esmonde and Courtney Szto

includes some critical reflections on the unique challenges to conducting public sociology in sport settings. Scholars may face barriers due to the unique social structures found in many sport subcultures, which frequently feature members (e.g., athletes, coaches, etc.) and gatekeepers (e.g., media members

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Thomas P. Oates

the team back and forth from the Rucker in Harlem to his 40/40 Club in Manhattan’s swanky Flatiron district in a branded bus. This non-stop promotion for his entrepreneurial ambitions crossed geographic, cultural, and economic barriers, and signaled Jay-Z’s aspirations for wealthy cosmopolitanism

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Jafrā D. Thomas and Bradley J. Cardinal

); lifestyle promotion messages ( n  = 18); strategies to overcome exercise barriers ( n  = 13); and exercise nutrition education and strategies ( n  = 6). The publication/update year of the resources ranged from 2004 to 2016 ( M  = 2014.56, SD  = 2.09), though 25.15% of the resources ( n  = 41) did not

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Shawn Forde and Brian Wilson

as it pertains to sports and societal issues—and what are the explicit and subtle barriers to substantial change? We see this research as contributing to a limited body of literature on sports-related activism generally (see Harvey, Horne, Safai, & Darnell, 2013 ), and especially to thinking about

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Katelyn Esmonde and Shannon Jette

to overcome all environmental barriers to physical activity. We use these findings as a vehicle through which to explore our second aim, which is to respond to the more recent calls within the sociology of sport and PCS for less anthropocentric and humanist modes of inquiry. Instead of focusing on

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Shara Crookston

, it is because they have little to no interest. What is being ignored, according to Cooky, are structural barriers, limited opportunities, and gender ideologies that construct hegemonic masculinity in sports ( Messner, 2002 ). Cooky challenges researchers to “consider how women and girls are

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Buffie Longmire-Avital, Takudzwa Madzima and Elyse Bierut

.1249/MSS.0b013e318213fefb 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318213fefb Greaney , M.L. , Less , F.D. , White , A.A. , Dayton , S.F. , Riebe , D. , Blissmer , B. , … Greene , G.W. ( 2009 ). College students’ barriers and enablers for healthful weight management: A qualitative study . Journal of Nutrition

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Chris Knoester and Theo Randolph

their child. Overall, the findings are consistent with qualitative work on how and why families allocate their free time ( Harrington, 2006 ; 2015 ; Shaw & Dawson, 2001 ). They are also consistent with evidence that socioeconomic status, gender, and family structures are linked to barriers for sports

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Amanda J. Visek, Heather Mannix, Avinash Chandran, Sean D. Cleary, Karen A. McDonnell and Loretta DiPietro

. Dwyer , J.J.M. , Allison , K.R. , Goldenberg , E.R. , Fein , A.J. , Yoshida , K.K. , & Boutilier , M.A. ( 2006 ). Adolescent girls’ perceived barriers to participation in physical activity . Adolescence, 41, 75 – 89 . PubMed ID: 16689442 Eccles , J.S. ( 1999 ). The development of