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Meghan K. Edwards and Paul D. Loprinzi

increase lean body mass and basal metabolism, jointly assisting with weight control). 3 Additionally, aerobic and resistance exercise have several unique health outcomes (eg, greater maximum oxygen uptake adaptations from aerobic training vs greater muscular strength and endurance adaptations from

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Areeya Jirathananuwat and Krit Pongpirul

.87 years, the average body mass index was 22.48 kg/m 2 , and 70.24% were single (Table  1 ). They had 13.48 years of work experience on average. Surgical department contributed to 17.30% of the subjects. Data of 1410 periods (morning 66.70%, afternoon 20.82%, and free 12.48%) were received. Table 1

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Megan Colletto and Nancy Rodriguez

warranted. Based on skeletal muscle indices (kg lean body mass/height [m 2 ]), approximately 71% of males and 42% of females older than 65 years are moderately sarcopenic ( Janssen, 2006 ). The development of sarcopenia is multifactorial ( Janssen, 2011 ) and managing sarcopenia is vital to the reduction of

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Stephanie A. Hooker, Laura B. Oswald, Kathryn J. Reid and Kelly G. Baron

. For example, greater variability in sleep duration over 5 to 7 days is associated with higher hemoglobin A1c in older adults with insomnia 5 and in adults with type 1 diabetes without insomnia. 6 There is also evidence that sleep timing variability is associated with greater body mass index (BMI) 7

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Pablo Antonio Valdés-Badilla, Carlos Gutiérrez-García, Mikel Pérez-Gutiérrez, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria and Antonio López-Fuenzalida

analyzed the effectiveness of health governmental programs incorporating PA for the older adults, obtaining significant improvements in fall risk prevention ( Day, Donaldson, Thompson, & Thomas, 2014 ); body mass index (BMI); waist circumference; arterial pressure; and motor functionality ( Hetherington

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Emily Borgundvaag, Michael McIsaac, Michael M. Borghese and Ian Janssen

times they removed the accelerometer and what they were doing when it was removed, and the times they participated in organized sports and what those sports were. Measurement of Health Outcomes The health outcomes examined were the body mass index (BMI) and systolic blood pressure (SBP), 2 risk factors

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Jordan Andre Martenstyn, Lauren Powell, Natasha Nassar, Mark Hamer and Emmanuel Stamatakis

above the mean were treated as outliers and excluded from all analyses, similar to previous research. 24 Covariates Trained interviewers measured height and weight using standard protocols 17 , 18 to calculate body mass index (BMI). In stratified analyses, we classified a BMI score <25 as indicative of

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Chantal A. Vella, Erin D. Michos, Dorothy D. Sears, Mary Cushman, Rachel B. Van Hollebeke, Michelle M. Wiest and Matthew A. Allison

, type 2 diabetes, functional disability, and premature death. 1 Skeletal muscle accounts for 40% of total body mass and is the main determinant of energy expenditure among sedentary individuals. Although regular physical activity is fundamental for preserving skeletal muscle mass, strength and function

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Melanie Vetter, Helen O’Connor, Nicholas O’Dwyer and Rhonda Orr

playground approach with a classroom approach to learning times tables (TT). The impacts on general numeracy, body mass index (BMI), and aerobic fitness were assessed as secondary outcomes. Materials and Methods Study Design and Participants The study was a randomized crossover trial conducted at an

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Pablo A. Domene, Michelle Stanley and Glykeria Skamagki

of nonsalsa dance-related moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) engagement per week, 13 and higher body mass index (BMI) 17 would increase the likelihood of sustaining a time-loss injury during salsa dance. It was further hypothesized that having a greater amount of salsa dance experience