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Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, James F. Sallis, Justine Nabanoba, David Basangwa, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sandra S. Kasoma, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys and James Mugisha

role in preventing mental health problems in LMICs. Robust evidence demonstrates that higher levels of physical activity have a protective effect against the emergence of mental health problems, such as depression in youth (adjusted odds ratio = 0.90; 95% confidence interval, 0.83–0.98), adults

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Susanna Kola-Palmer, Samantha Buckley, Gabrielle Kingston, Jonathan Stephen, Alison Rodriguez, Nicole Sherretts and Kiara Lewis

Common mental health disorders (CMDs) include different types of depression and anxiety disorders ( Stansfeld et al., 2016 ). They are associated with a range of emotional, cognitive, behavioural and physical symptoms, and cause substantial emotional distress and interfere with daily function. They

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Sarah A. McGraw, Christopher R. Deubert, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Alixandra Nozzolillo, Lauren Taylor and I. Glenn Cohen

depression compared to the general population of adults in the U.S. In a survey of 1,063 former NFL players, 25.6% of the players aged 30–49 years old and 22.9% of those 50 years and older reported current or lifetime depression based on items from the PHQ-9 1 and the National Study of American Life ( Weir

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

differences between these populations exist. Mood and Anxiety Disorders Other differentiating markers of mental health, such as mood and anxiety disorders, are also poorly understood among athlete and non-athlete populations with EDs. Depression and anxiety are reportedly lower in athletes than non

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Sarah Edney, Tim Olds, Jillian Ryan, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Rachel Curtis and Carol Maher

further education, and university degree]); weight and height (from which body mass index [BMI] was calculated); the presence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress measured using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) 52 ; and self-reported weekly MVPA assessed by the Active

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Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Mats Hallgren, Andreas Lundin, James Mugisha and Ai Koyanagi

different chronic diseases ( Connor et al., 2016 ). Older adults are at an even greater risk for somatic comorbidities ( Vancampfort, Koyanagi, Ward, et al., 2017 ), harmful drug interactions, injury, depression, memory problems, cognitive impairments, and sleep problems that can all be induced by regular

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Bethany Alice Jones, Emma Haycraft, Walter Pierre Bouman and Jon Arcelus

also been found to alleviate mental health problems, particularly depression and anxiety. 3 – 7 In light of this, physical activity may be beneficial for populations that are vulnerable to mental health problems. One of these vulnerable populations is transgender people who experience incongruence

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Marcus Ngantcha, Eric Janssen, Emmanuelle Godeau, Virginie Ehlinger, Olivier Le-Nezet, François Beck and Stanislas Spilka

, compared with those belonging to higher SES. 13 , 14 A poor mental health has been demonstrated to be associated with ST: people with lower depression status tend to declare lesser ST. 15 Several studies also assessed the relationship between SES and substance uses 16 , 17 , whereas others outlined the

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Chevelle M.A. Davis, Tetine L. Sentell, Juliana Fernandes de Souza Barbosa, Alban Ylli, Carmen-Lucia Curcio and Catherine M. Pirkle

?” Various studies have validated the use of self-reported heart disease status questions ( Joshi & Turnbull, 2009 ). Participants were assessed for depression using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale ( Ylli et al., 2016 ). Following guidelines, a cutoff score of 16 was used to determine

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John Cairney, Brent E. Faught, John Hay, Terrance J. Wade and Laurie M. Corna


Although physical activity (PA) has been demonstrated to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety, research on the mental health benefits of PA in older adults is limited. Moreover, the psychosocial factors that might mediate or moderate the relationship between PA and depression in this population are largely unexplored.


Using a sample of adults age 65 and older (N = 2736), we examined whether the major components of the stress process model (stress, social support, mastery, self-esteem) and physical health mediate or moderate the relationship between PA and depressive symptoms.


Physical health has the single largest effect, accounting for 45% of the effect of PA on depression. The stress process model, with physical health included, accounts for 70% of the relationship between PA and depression.


Among older adults with above average levels of perceived mastery, greater physical activity is associated with higher levels of depression. Limitations and directions for further research are discussed.