, compared with those belonging to higher SES. 13 , 14 A poor mental health has been demonstrated to be associated with ST: people with lower depression status tend to declare lesser ST. 15 Several studies also assessed the relationship between SES and substance uses 16 , 17 , whereas others outlined the
Marcus Ngantcha, Eric Janssen, Emmanuelle Godeau, Virginie Ehlinger, Olivier Le-Nezet, François Beck and Stanislas Spilka
Chevelle M.A. Davis, Tetine L. Sentell, Juliana Fernandes de Souza Barbosa, Alban Ylli, Carmen-Lucia Curcio and Catherine M. Pirkle
?” Various studies have validated the use of self-reported heart disease status questions ( Joshi & Turnbull, 2009 ). Participants were assessed for depression using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale ( Ylli et al., 2016 ). Following guidelines, a cutoff score of 16 was used to determine
John Cairney, Brent E. Faught, John Hay, Terrance J. Wade and Laurie M. Corna
Although physical activity (PA) has been demonstrated to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety, research on the mental health benefits of PA in older adults is limited. Moreover, the psychosocial factors that might mediate or moderate the relationship between PA and depression in this population are largely unexplored.
Using a sample of adults age 65 and older (N = 2736), we examined whether the major components of the stress process model (stress, social support, mastery, self-esteem) and physical health mediate or moderate the relationship between PA and depressive symptoms.
Physical health has the single largest effect, accounting for 45% of the effect of PA on depression. The stress process model, with physical health included, accounts for 70% of the relationship between PA and depression.
Among older adults with above average levels of perceived mastery, greater physical activity is associated with higher levels of depression. Limitations and directions for further research are discussed.
Laura Žlibinaitė, Rima Solianik, Daiva Vizbaraitė, Dalia Mickevičienė and Albertas Skurvydas
) were measured while the participants wore only underwear and were barefoot. BMI was calculated as weight in kilograms divided by squared height in meters. Measurement of Mood State Mood was assessed using the 24-item Brunel Mood Scale, 23 which estimates anger, confusion, depression, fatigue, tension
Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood and Janice L. Thompson
regular PA Benefits of PA Avoiding depression Preventing physical decline and maintaining independence Perceived Barriers to Meeting PA Guidelines There were three important health-related barriers that limited PA engagement across the sample including: aging and illness, different physical abilities
Susanna Kola-Palmer, Samantha Buckley, Gabrielle Kingston, Jonathan Stephen, Alison Rodriguez, Nicole Sherretts and Kiara Lewis
Common mental health disorders (CMDs) include different types of depression and anxiety disorders ( Stansfeld et al., 2016 ). They are associated with a range of emotional, cognitive, behavioural and physical symptoms, and cause substantial emotional distress and interfere with daily function. They
Sarah A. McGraw, Christopher R. Deubert, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Alixandra Nozzolillo, Lauren Taylor and I. Glenn Cohen
depression compared to the general population of adults in the U.S. In a survey of 1,063 former NFL players, 25.6% of the players aged 30–49 years old and 22.9% of those 50 years and older reported current or lifetime depression based on items from the PHQ-9 1 and the National Study of American Life ( Weir
Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson
differences between these populations exist. Mood and Anxiety Disorders Other differentiating markers of mental health, such as mood and anxiety disorders, are also poorly understood among athlete and non-athlete populations with EDs. Depression and anxiety are reportedly lower in athletes than non
Lynette L. Craft, Frank M. Perna, Karen M. Freund and Larry Culpepper
Exercise effectively reduces symptoms of depression. However, correlates of regular exercise in depressed women are unknown. This study assessed psychosocial determinants of exercise in a sample of women with depressive symptoms.
Sixty-one women completed demographic, depression, and exercise-related questionnaires.
The average Primary Health Ques-tionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) depression score was 12.1 (SD = 5.0), indicating moderate depressive symptoms. In the previous week, the women reported 12.8 metabolic equivalents (METs) of exercise. Low levels of self-efficacy and social support for exercise were also reported. Depressive symptoms were positively associated with barriers to exercise (r = .35, P < .01), and barriers were inversely related to exercise METs (r = –.37, P < .05). Barriers to activity and education level were significant determinants of exercise.
Women with depressive symptoms report minimal exercise involvement, numerous barriers to exercise, and low exercise self-efficacy and social support for exercise.
Rachel G. Curtis, Dorothea Dumuid, Timothy Olds, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Jillian Ryan, Sarah Edney and Carol Maher
fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety. 1 In contrast, sedentary behavior is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, and depression. 2 , 3 Both short and long sleep durations are also associated with an increased risk of adverse physical and mental