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Hamid Najafipour, Masoomeh Kahnooji, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Mahboobeh Yeganeh, Milad Ahmadi Gohari, Mitra Shadkam Farokhi and Ali Mirzazadeh

According to the World Health Organization report, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) account for almost 30% of overall deaths all around the world. 1 About 80% of deaths in developing countries are a result of CVDs, which occur mostly due to change of lifestyle, increase of urbanism, and lack of

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A. Stefanie Mikolaizak, Jochen Klenk, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Michael D. Denkinger, Kilian Rapp and for the ActiFE Study Group

. Musgrove (Eds.), Disease control priorities in developing countries . Washington, DC : World Bank . World Health Organization . ( 2002 ). Active ageing: A policy framework . Retrieved from World Health Organization website: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/67215/1/WHO_NMH_NPH_02.8.pdf . World

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Karen Tonge, Rachel A. Jones and Anthony D. Okely

track into childhood and beyond, providing long-term health benefits. 2 In developed countries, a large proportion of young children attend some type of early childhood education and care (ECEC) center for extended periods. 3 For example, more than half of children in the United States spend an average

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Xihe Zhu and Justin A. Haegele

the pandemic of obesity in developing countries . Nutrition Reviews, 70 , 3 – 21 . PubMed ID: 22221213 doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00456.x 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00456.x Raudenbush , S.W. , & Bryk , A.S. ( 2002 ). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods

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Ellen Freiberger, Elisabeth Rydwik, Astrid Chorus, Erwin Tak, Christophe Delecluse, Federico Schena, Nina Waaler, Bob Laventure and Nico van Meeteren

multiple approaches and strategies. Challenge: A Shift of Focus on Health and Functioning Alongside these developments, functioning (as conceptualized by WHO 2002 ; Heerkens et al., 2017 )—besides health—has, in recent years, become all the more important in Western and developing countries. This focus

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Xavier García-Massó, Adrià Marco-Ahulló, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Julio Álvarez-Pitti and Jose-Luis Bermejo

Overweight and obese children have now become a public health problem both in European countries and in other developed countries ( Ahrens et al., 2014 ). Lobstein et al. ( 2015 ) have shown that in about 30 years in the United States, the body mass of each child has increased by 5 kg on average

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Johan Pelssers, Emalie Hurkmans, Jeroen Scheerder, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Steven Vos, Tim Smits and Filip Boen

For decades, life expectancy has increased steadily in developed countries ( World Health Organization, 2006 ). Consequently, the number of older adults will increase accordingly. Aging is associated with higher risks of chronic disorders. Studies have shown that a sufficient level of physical

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André Luiz Galvim, Isabela Martins Oliveira, Tatiane Vieira Martins, Leonardo Moreira Vieira, Natália Caroline Cerri, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Renata Valle Pedroso and Grace Angélica de Oliveira Gomes

intervention process, and to contribute to the management of the health service. We couldn’t find other Brazilian studies to compare with the data of this study. This is probably because PA intervention monitoring is still very recent in Brazil compared with developed countries such as the United States. 35

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Trent J. Herda, Philip M. Gallagher, Jonathan D. Miller, Matthew P. Bubak and Mandy E. Parra

. Ultrasound Med Biol . 2009 ; 35 ( 3 ): 443 – 6 . PubMed ID: 19081667 doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2008.09.016 19081667 37. Popkin BM , Adair LS , Ng SW . Global nutrition transition and the pandemic of obesity in developing countries . Nutr Rev . 2012 ; 70 ( 1 ): 3 – 21 . PubMed ID: 22221213

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Elena López-Cañada, José Devís-Devís, Alexandra Valencia-Peris, Sofía Pereira-García, Jorge Fuentes-Miguel and Víctor Pérez-Samaniego

, Schöppe S . The Health Benefits of Physical Activity in Developing Countries . Geneva, Switzerland : World Health Organization ; 2005 . 2. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee (PAGAC) . Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report . Washington, DC : Department of Health and