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Hamid Najafipour, Masoomeh Kahnooji, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Mahboobeh Yeganeh, Milad Ahmadi Gohari, Mitra Shadkam Farokhi and Ali Mirzazadeh

According to the World Health Organization report, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) account for almost 30% of overall deaths all around the world. 1 About 80% of deaths in developing countries are a result of CVDs, which occur mostly due to change of lifestyle, increase of urbanism, and lack of

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Pasmore Malambo, Andre P. Kengne, Estelle V. Lambert, Anniza De Villiers and Thandi Puoane

relationship. Our findings are in agreement with some existing studies 41 but not all. 42 One possible explanation of the variation in findings is that some studies have been conducted in developed countries, urban cities than rural settings which have different quality of aesthetics. Thus, individuals in

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Ellen Freiberger, Elisabeth Rydwik, Astrid Chorus, Erwin Tak, Christophe Delecluse, Federico Schena, Nina Waaler, Bob Laventure and Nico van Meeteren

multiple approaches and strategies. Challenge: A Shift of Focus on Health and Functioning Alongside these developments, functioning (as conceptualized by WHO 2002 ; Heerkens et al., 2017 )—besides health—has, in recent years, become all the more important in Western and developing countries. This focus

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Peng Zhang, Jung Eun Lee, David F. Stodden and Zan Gao

among children in both developed and developing countries. 17 , 19 Despite increasing empirical evidence concerning time segment differences in children’s PA during weekdays and weekends, correlates and determines of PA in children have not been explored adequately. For example, data focused on

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Kasper Salin, Mikko Huhtiniemi, Anthony Watt, Harto Hakonen and Timo Jaakkola

Research has detailed that insufficient levels of physical activity (PA) and excessive levels of sedentary time (ST) have become a major concern in developed countries. 1 , 2 As a result of insufficient PA and excessive calorie intake, the obesity epidemic among children has become a crucial major

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Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, James F. Sallis, Justine Nabanoba, David Basangwa, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sandra S. Kasoma, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys and James Mugisha

-reported sitting time in patients with schizophrenia: a pilot study . Psychiatry Res . 2014 ; 215 ( 1 ): 33 – 38 . PubMed ID: 24295763 doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2013.11.011 24295763 10.1016/j.psychres.2013.11.011 30. Day K . Physical environment correlates of physical activity in developing countries: a review

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Ainaz Shamshiri, Iman Rezaei, Ehsan Sinaei, Saeed Heidari and Ali Ghanbari

differences across studies are even more notable when the BESS normative data reported in the present study are compared with previous data sets reported for developed countries. Iverson and Koehle 12 recruited healthy community-dwelling adults from the Greater Vancouver area of British Columbia (Canada) to

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Yongwoo Lee, Wonjae Choi, Kyeongjin Lee, Changho Song and Seungwon Lee

more than 65 years is increasing more rapidly compared with other developed countries; the percentage of adults in Korea aged older than 65 years was 5.1% in 1990 and 11% in 2010 and is projected to be 37.4% in 2050 ( Seo, 2009 ). These days, a high quality of life as well as longevity is considered

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Rafael E.A. Muchaxo, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H.V. van der Woude, Thomas W.J. Janssen and Carla Nooijen

for gender, age, and event distance by adding these to the models. In addition, country socioeconomic development (developed or developing countries) and athlete’s participation (independent or national representation) were also analyzed. Significance level was set at α = .05, and effect sizes were

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Johan Pelssers, Emalie Hurkmans, Jeroen Scheerder, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Steven Vos, Tim Smits and Filip Boen

For decades, life expectancy has increased steadily in developed countries ( World Health Organization, 2006 ). Consequently, the number of older adults will increase accordingly. Aging is associated with higher risks of chronic disorders. Studies have shown that a sufficient level of physical