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Andreas Apostolidis, Vassilis Mougios, Ilias Smilios, Johanna Rodosthenous and Marios Hadjicharalambous

expenditure = { 4.686 + [ ( RER − 0.707 ) / 0.293 ] × 0.361 } × VO 2 Fat oxidation = ( 1.67 × VO 2 ) − ( 1.67 × VCO 2 ) Carbohydrate oxidation = ( 4.55 × VCO 2 ) − ( 3.21 × VO 2 ) Blood Treatment and Analyses Blood samples were immediately transferred into K 2 EDTA-containing tubes and centrifuged at 4000 rpm

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David M. Shaw, Fabrice Merien, Andrea Braakhuis, Daniel Plews, Paul Laursen and Deborah K. Dulson

fat oxidation . Medicine & Science in Sport & Exercise, 34 ( 1 ), 92 – 97 . PubMed ID: 11782653 doi:10.1097/00005768-200201000-00015 10.1097/00005768-200201000-00015 Areta , J.L. , & Hopkins , W.G. ( 2018 ). Skeletal muscle glycogen content at rest and during endurance exercise in humans: A

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Adam M. Hyde, Robert G. McMurray, Frank A. Chavoya and Daniela A. Rubin

the participants with PWS were on GHRT and had well-controlled body mass making the characteristics of this group of children with PWS more comparable to the NW controls. GHRT could have affected ventilatory responses and fat oxidation, but we did not test for the effects of GHRT. It would be

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Daniel Arvidsson, Elias Johannesson, Lars Bo Andersen, Magnus Karlsson, Per Wollmer, Ola Thorsson and Magnus Dencker

balance. It has been shown that muscle cells produce and use BDNF as a response to muscle contraction enhancing fat oxidation. 5 NGF, on the other hand, may have a general alerting effect on the body and thereby stimulates increase in metabolism. 6 Platelet concentration and serum BDNF increase with age

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Ralph Beneke, Tobias G.J. Weber and Renate M. Leithäuser

cadences at low-exercise-intensity training, which is frequently seen in high-performance cyclists, may increase fat oxidation combined with preservation of CHO at given metabolic rates and/or BLC levels. However, the previously observed within-subjects effects of set differences in rpm on MLSS (1.1 ± 0

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Sally P. Waterworth, Connor C. Spencer, Aaron L. Porter and James P. Morton

During SS Exercise and HIT Capacity Test During SS, respiratory exchange ratio ( p  < .001) and CHO oxidation rate ( p  < .001) decreased while fat oxidation increased (p  < .001). Average CHO oxidation was higher throughout SS in TRAIN HIGH than both PERCEPTION ( p  = .019) and TRAIN LOW ( p  = .012

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Matthew David Cook and Mark Elisabeth Theodorus Willems

needed to confirm no differences between the sexes. A recent study by Strauss et al. ( 2018 ) replicated for females findings by Cook, Myers, Gault, Edwards and Willems ( 2017a ) in males of increased fat oxidation by NZBC during 120-min cycling at 65% V ˙ O 2 max ; therefore, increased exercise

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Samuel T. Tebeck, Jonathan D. Buckley, Clint R. Bellenger and Jamie Stanley

.55 (−0.98 to −0.12) b  GE, % 19.8 (0.9) 19.8 (0.8) 0.08 (−0.22 to 0.39) 19.4 (1.3) 20.2 (1.0) 0.55 (0.13 to 0.96) b  EE, kcal·min −1 15.3 (1.7) 15.4 (1.8) −0.16 (−0.22 to 0.22) 15.2 (1.3) 15.3 (1.5) 0.05 (−0.13 to 0.22)  Fat oxidation, g·min −1 0.6 (0.2) 0.5 (0.2) −0.21 (−0.77 to 0.35) 0.6 (0.2) 0.5 (0

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Rachel B. Parks, Hector F. Angus, Douglas S. King and Rick L. Sharp

sprints, euglycemia and improved fat oxidation were again observed ( Baur et al., 2016 ). Serum glucose was 20% lower prior to exercise, compared to a sucrose/glucose supplement. Of note, consumption of starch at rates of 30 and 60 g/h was associated with nausea and abdominal cramps. Digestive symptoms

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Javier S. Morales, Adrián Castillo-García and Alejandro Lucia

analysis • ↓ performance • ↑ d -βHB and total fat oxidation during exercise • ↓ plasma glucose and total CHO oxidation during exercise Rodger et al 19 12 highly trained male cyclists Ketone salts (11,700 mg) with sugar-free lemonade 20 min before and during exercise, after a fast ≥2.5 h Taste