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Ed Maunder, Andrew E. Kilding, Christopher J. Stevens and Daniel J. Plews

decrease Very likely decrease 2.26 1.38 Unclear Unclear Fat oxidation, b g·min −1 IM1 IM2 0.68 0.97 0.80 1.19 Possible increase Very likely increase 0.85 1.17 Unclear Unclear Gross efficiency, b % IM1 IM2 21.8 21.4 22.0 21.0 Unclear Possible decrease 21.3 21.9 Possible decrease Possible increase HR, b b

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Competition Questionnaire (CEAC-Q): validation of a practical and time-efficient tool for knowledge assessment G Sampson, JN Pugh, JP Morton, JL Areta 15.00 No differences in cardiorespiratory fitness or fat oxidation between Indian and Chinese men with elevated body mass index M Demashkieh, R Dalan, BO Boehm

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Andreas Apostolidis, Vassilis Mougios, Ilias Smilios, Johanna Rodosthenous and Marios Hadjicharalambous

expenditure = { 4.686 + [ ( RER − 0.707 ) / 0.293 ] × 0.361 } × VO 2 Fat oxidation = ( 1.67 × VO 2 ) − ( 1.67 × VCO 2 ) Carbohydrate oxidation = ( 4.55 × VCO 2 ) − ( 3.21 × VO 2 ) Blood Treatment and Analyses Blood samples were immediately transferred into K 2 EDTA-containing tubes and centrifuged at 4000 rpm

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David M. Shaw, Fabrice Merien, Andrea Braakhuis, Daniel Plews, Paul Laursen and Deborah K. Dulson

fat oxidation . Medicine & Science in Sport & Exercise, 34 ( 1 ), 92 – 97 . PubMed ID: 11782653 doi:10.1097/00005768-200201000-00015 10.1097/00005768-200201000-00015 Areta , J.L. , & Hopkins , W.G. ( 2018 ). Skeletal muscle glycogen content at rest and during endurance exercise in humans: A

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Daniel Arvidsson, Elias Johannesson, Lars Bo Andersen, Magnus Karlsson, Per Wollmer, Ola Thorsson and Magnus Dencker

balance. It has been shown that muscle cells produce and use BDNF as a response to muscle contraction enhancing fat oxidation. 5 NGF, on the other hand, may have a general alerting effect on the body and thereby stimulates increase in metabolism. 6 Platelet concentration and serum BDNF increase with age

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Adam M. Hyde, Robert G. McMurray, Frank A. Chavoya and Daniela A. Rubin

the participants with PWS were on GHRT and had well-controlled body mass making the characteristics of this group of children with PWS more comparable to the NW controls. GHRT could have affected ventilatory responses and fat oxidation, but we did not test for the effects of GHRT. It would be

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Ralph Beneke, Tobias G.J. Weber and Renate M. Leithäuser

cadences at low-exercise-intensity training, which is frequently seen in high-performance cyclists, may increase fat oxidation combined with preservation of CHO at given metabolic rates and/or BLC levels. However, the previously observed within-subjects effects of set differences in rpm on MLSS (1.1 ± 0

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Matthew David Cook and Mark Elisabeth Theodorus Willems

needed to confirm no differences between the sexes. A recent study by Strauss et al. ( 2018 ) replicated for females findings by Cook, Myers, Gault, Edwards and Willems ( 2017a ) in males of increased fat oxidation by NZBC during 120-min cycling at 65% V ˙ O 2 max ; therefore, increased exercise

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Sally P. Waterworth, Connor C. Spencer, Aaron L. Porter and James P. Morton

During SS Exercise and HIT Capacity Test During SS, respiratory exchange ratio ( p  < .001) and CHO oxidation rate ( p  < .001) decreased while fat oxidation increased (p  < .001). Average CHO oxidation was higher throughout SS in TRAIN HIGH than both PERCEPTION ( p  = .019) and TRAIN LOW ( p  = .012

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Campbell Menzies, Michael Wood, Joel Thomas, Aaron Hengist, Jean-Philippe Walhin, Robbie Jones, Kostas Tsintzas, Javier T. Gonzalez and James A. Betts

, with an inability to meet the energy requirements in the latter phase of the BOL and water conditions. In the present study, the mean energy requirement for running at the desired speed was 68 kJ/min, with only 9 kJ/min provided by fat oxidation. The remaining demand must be met by carbohydrate