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Arya M. Sharma, Donna L. Goodwin and Janice Causgrove Dunn

, that the combination of impairment and weight gain poses health concerns, as a vicious cycle can be created whereby restriction in functioning and independence due to weight gain leads to further reductions in activity levels ( Froehlick-Grobe & Lollar, 2011 ). The downward cycle places people with

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Iva Obrusnikova, Haley M. Novak and Albert R. Cavalier

Musculoskeletal fitness is important for adults with intellectual disabilities (IDs) to maintain cardiovascular fitness ( Pitetti & Boneh, 1995 ); daily functional independence ( Oppewal, Hilgenkamp, van Wijck, Schoufour, & Evenhuis, 2014 ); and work task performance ( Shields & Taylor, 2010

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Rebecca T. Marsh Naturkach and Donna L. Goodwin

course practicum ( Goodwin, Lieberman, Johnston, & Leo, 2011 ). The authors noted that although the campers thought the student counselors contributed to their camp success and created safe environments, the counselors were criticized for being patronizing and limiting independence. The relational

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Gabriella McLoughlin, Courtney Weisman Fecske, Yvette Castaneda, Candace Gwin and Kim Graber

intellectual disabilities were the need for communication with others with intellectual disabilities, creating connections by making friends within a sports team, and to gain a sense of independence ( Farrell, Crocker, McDonough, & Sedgwick, 2004 ). Researchers have also examined how motivation facilitates

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Jian Xu, Poram Choi, Robert W. Motl and Stamatis Agiovlasitis

.11.10.17189 Chalé-Rush , A. , Guralnik , J.M. , Walkup , M.P. , Miller , M.E. , Rejeski , W.J. , Katula , J.A. , … Blair , S.N. ( 2010 ). Relationship between physical functioning and physical activity in the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot . Journal of the American

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Dan Goodley

achievement. They are markers of ability rather than disability: hardly surprising, when we live in a contemporary society that emphasizes self-sufficiency, autonomy, and independence in a time of welfare cuts and austerity ( Goodley, 2014 ). This leads us to consider the ways in which biopolitics creates

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Chunxiao Li, Ngai Kiu Wong, Raymond K.W. Sum and Chung Wah Yu

adequate control and independence of their life (i.e., instrumental attitudes); perceive the capability to cope with life challenges (i.e., behavioral attitudes); and have strong feelings and emotional connections with other people (i.e., affective attitudes). However, there is a lack of direct empirical

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Franco M. Impellizzeri, Matthew S. Tenan, Tom Kempton, Andrew Novak and Aaron J. Coutts

, the independence between the uncoupled terms of the ACWR showed that ratio normalization was unnecessary and, paradoxically, introduced nonphysiological noise in the acute load data, thereby compromising a reliable quantification of TL in relative terms. 21 This was not peculiar to the data used by

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Christoph Szedlak, Matthew J. Smith, Bettina Callary and Melissa C. Day

required • Creates safe environment for the athlete to explore independence • Teamwork: working for each other • Mixture between guided, collaborative, and direct coaching Engaging with vignette Critical of vignette • Limited consideration to information disseminated, only if information complements belief

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Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Viviane Grassmann, Krystn Orr, Amy C. McPherson, Guy E. Faulkner and F. Virginia Wright

; companions > coaches > supervisors on measures of self-concept, acceptance, interpersonal skills, self-esteem, confidence, independence; peer acceptance; companion perceived as well trained and matched to the child; social network, educational, and leisure opportunities; parental pride Turnnidge et