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Kathleen F. Janz and Fatima Baptista

height velocity) as a random effect and sex, ethnicity, tibia length, lean body mass, and VPA (volume and bout frequency) as fixed effects. Results : VPA volume and bout frequency were positively associated with F.Load across adolescence; however, VPA volume did not predict F.Load once VPA bout

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Inès Boukabous, Alexis Marcotte-Chénard, Taha Amamou, Pierre Boulay, Martin Brochu, Daniel Tessier, Isabelle Dionne and Eléonor Riesco

, Chicago, IL), allowing the measurement of three types of tissue: bone mass, FM, and lean body mass. Android, gynoid, trunk, legs, and arm region were automatically determined by the enCORE software. Estimation of VAT was automatically computed by subtracting subcutaneous adipose tissue from the total FM

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Whitney A. Welch, Scott J. Strath, Michael Brondino, Renee Walker and Ann M. Swartz

expenditure was measured using a portable metabolic system. Average walk speed during the activity conditions was 1.4 (0.3) mph. Finally, participants completed a body composition measurement at the end of their first visit to determine percent lean body mass. Participants then visited the laboratory on 3

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Oliver C. Witard, Ina Garthe and Stuart M. Phillips

predominance of catabolism in adipose tissue, and the gain of muscle mass (i.e., lean body mass [LBM]) is a result of predominance of anabolism in skeletal muscle, this requires the track and field athlete to practice a meticulously tailored meal plan, combined with an adequate and sports-specific strength

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Hellen C.G. Nabuco, Crisieli M. Tomeleri, Rodrigo R. Fernandes, Paulo Sugihara Junior, Edilaine F. Cavalcante, Danielle Venturini, Décio S. Barbosa, Analiza M. Silva, Luís B. Sardinha and Edilson S. Cyrino

weeks of increased dietary protein intake plus RT decreased MetS Z -score values, WC, %BF, and increased lean body mass of healthy older women. Increased protein intake in combination with RT was effective in increasing SMM by 3.9%, confirming previous studies of the effectiveness of this type of

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Gislaine S. Kogure, Cristiana L. Miranda-Furtado, Daiana C.C. Pedroso, Victor B. Ribeiro, Matheus C. Eiras, Rafael C. Silva, Lisandra C. Caetano, Rui A. Ferriani, Rodrigo T. Calado and Rosana M. dos Reis

associated with obesity and IR. 9 A shorter telomere length has been associated with higher general and abdominal adiposity 10 and lower lean body mass, 11 particularly in women. 12 There is evidence that physical exercise can influence telomere and telomerase activity and could influence the regulation

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Gregory Severino, Marcos Sanchez-Gonzalez, Michelle Walters-Edwards, Michael Nordvall, Oksana Chernykh, Jason Adames and Alexei Wong

, using a weighing scale (Life Measurement, Inc., Concord, CA) and a stadiometer. BMI was calculated as weight in kg/height in m 2 . Percent body fat (BF%), fat mass (FM, kg), and lean body mass (LBM, kg) were determined using the BodPod whole-body air-displacement plethysmography method (Life Measurement

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Paulo Sugihara Junior, Alex S. Ribeiro, Hellen C.G. Nabuco, Rodrigo R. Fernandes, Crisieli M. Tomeleri, Paolo M. Cunha, Danielle Venturini, Décio S. Barbosa, Brad J. Schoenfeld and Edilson S. Cyrino

significant differences between whey versus soy protein supplementation on muscle strength or fat-free mass. Miller et al. ( 2014 ) carried out a meta-analysis specifically investigating the combined effects of WP and RT, and reported a significant increase in lean body mass with WP supplementation. The

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Élvio R. Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Bruna R. Gouveia, Matthias Kliegel, Adilson Marques and Duarte L. Freitas

 al., 2013 ). In addition, there is evidence that older adults with higher PA level show MM above the sarcopenia threshold or have higher lean body mass ( Gouveia et al., 2016 ; Park, Park, Shephard, & Aoyagi, 2010 ). All these results support the hypothesis that maintaining high levels of daily PA may have

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Liam Anderson, Graeme L. Close, Ryland Morgans, Catherine Hambly, John Roger Speakman, Barry Drust and James P. Morton

was water consumed ad libitum. Table 2 Daily Energy and Macronutrient Intake Expressed in Absolute and Relative Terms During the 7-Day Data Collection Period Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Mean (SD) Energy, kcal 2698 3607 3330 2931 3342 2695 3516 3160 (381) Energy, kcal/kg lean body mass 38.8 51.9 47.9 42.2 48