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Elissa Burton, Karen Levit, Jim Codde, Keith D. Hill and Anne-Marie Hill

) and 6-min walk test ( Rikli & Jones, 1998 ); lower-limb strength using five times sit-to-stand test ( Jette et al., 1999 ); balance using the functional reach test ( Duncan, Studenski, Chandler, & Prescott, 1992 ; Duncan, Weiner, Chandler, & Studenski, 1990 ); timed tandem walk ( Guralnik et

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Prasanna Sritharan, Luke G. Perraton, Mario A. Munoz, Peter Pivonka and Adam L. Bryant

novel interventions to enable faster and safer return to sport. Muscles are the largest contributors to the GRF, 16 and gait studies of healthy individuals have shown that each muscle of the lower limb contributes to center-of-mass modulation in a highly coordinated and predictable way. 16 , 18 , 19

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Sahar Boozari, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Ali Amiri and Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani

role of KT in simple single-joint tasks 16 – 18 , 21 ; however, there are still many doubts about KT effects on functional tasks after fatigue protocols. As a result of the frequent use of KT in functional tasks, we wanted to determine whether KT changed lower-limb behavior in demanding multijoint

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Grace C. Bellinger, Kristen A. Pickett and Andrea H. Mason

contact with the ground. During steady-state walking, the arms swing in a rhythmic pattern contralateral to the swing phase of each leg. That is, when the right foot is forward, the left arm is forward. To facilitate the successful acquisition of an object during gait, these upper and lower limb patterns

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Guilherme S. Nunes, Débora Faria Wolf, Daniel Augusto dos Santos, Marcos de Noronha and Fábio Viadanna Serrão

lower-limb kinematics, and hip and knee kinetics during single-leg squats and jumps in females with PFP. A subgroup of asymptomatic individuals was also included as a control situation to investigate whether the mobilization technique could influence the kinematics and kinetics of people without PFP

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Jaclyn Megan Sions, Elisa Sarah Arch and John Robert Horne

In the United States, the 1-year mortality rate following a major lower-limb amputation may be as high as 48%, whereas the 3-year mortality rate may be as high as 71%. 1 It is well established that adults with lower-limb amputations have reduced physical activity. 2 , 3 Physical inactivity and

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Guillermo Mendez-Rebolledo, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Alexis Dabanch-Santis and Francisco Diaz-Valenzuela

Vertical jumping is a motor ability commonly used in daily activities (eg, obtaining objects out of reach, avoiding obstacles). In sports, such as track and field, gymnastics, volleyball, basketball, and soccer, vertical jumping is also an excellent marker of lower limb muscle power. 1 – 3 Aside

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Victor Silveira Coswig, Bianca Miarka, Daniel Alvarez Pires, Levy Mendes da Silva, Charles Bartel and Fabrício Boscolo Del Vecchio

carry out a high-intensity attack with a sequence of striking techniques (punches and/or elbows) toward the opponent  lower limb sequences Any attempt to carry out a high-intensity attack with a sequence of striking techniques (kicks and/or knees) at the opponent  ground and pound Any attempt to carry

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Kevin Deschamps, Giovanni Matricali, Maarten Eerdekens, Sander Wuite, Alberto Leardini and Filip Staes

In foot mechanics, bone structure and joint kinematics have long been considered risk factors for foot and lower-limb running injuries, 1 , 2 but the role of foot kinetics has been largely overlooked. The foot mechanics result from a complex interaction between its many bony segments and joints

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Damien Moore, Adam I. Semciw, Jodie McClelland, Henry Wajswelner and Tania Pizzari

-strengthening programs for people with lower-limb osteoarthritis. 23 – 25 The lack of research evaluating GMin function in exercise is likely due to the technical difficulty of accessing this muscle with intramuscular electromyography (EMG). 26 Some rehabilitation exercises for the GMin segments have been recently