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Jonathan Sinclair and Paul J. Taylor

minimum of 20 ft away from the force platform. Cut angles were measured from the center of the force plate, and the corresponding line of movement was delineated using masking tape so that it was clearly evident to participants. The stance phase of the cut movement was similarly defined as the duration

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Kwok Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Dagmar Sigmundová, Lilly Augustine, Mariane Sentenac, Pauli Rintala and Jo Inchley

reporting on levels of PA, the practice used in this study was replicated from Sallis et al. ( 2016 ), which considered young people as active only if they achieved at least 60 min of MPVA daily, in line with current international policy recommendations. However, this may inadvertently mask differences

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Senia Smoot Reinert, Allison L. Kinney, Kurt Jackson, Wiebke Diestelkamp and Kimberly Bigelow

Stability sway ranges across age groups may mask potentially important normal and pathological changes in postural control. These findings should also be considered when using Limits of Stability testing to determine differences between clinical populations (eg, Parkinson’s) and healthy older adults. In

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Garrett S. Bullock, Taylor Chapman, Thomas Joyce, Robert Prengle, Taylor Stern and Robert J. Butler

score may remain the same, this may be masking a deficit in an individual movement pattern. By examining individual FMS test components, precise interventions can be utilized to enhance specific fundamental movement patterns. 12 , 13 The FMS has been shown to be an effective measure to assess movement

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Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

Edited by Kim Gammage

incidences of mental illness in the general population. These studies, though, suffer from several limitations that include a limited sample size and a lack of matched comparison groups that may mask adverse effects. It remains unknown, then, whether athletes are better adjusted than their age- and sex

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Hardeep Singh, Mark Lee, Matthew J. Solomito, Christian Merrill and Carl Nissen

, or soccer. 3 , 4 , 10 – 13 One explanation for the diverse presentation may be that primary lumbar extension exists in a variety of athletic movements but is not recognized, as the necessarily complex spine motion of sport masks lumbar extension. Baseball pitching is an extremely intricate motion

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Christian P. Cheung, Joshua T. Slysz and Jamie F. Burr

. 13 This has been supported by a number of randomized control studies; 14 – 16 however, other evidence suggests that observed benefits are primarily a placebo effect 17 , 18 directly relating to the challenges of masking the sham control. The most common control condition mimics an IPC setup using

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Barıs Seven, Gamze Cobanoglu, Deran Oskay and Nevin Atalay-Guzel

concentric mode and at 90°/s eccentric mode. In addition, for each wrist, the peak torque rates for unilateral extension/flexion were calculated at both angular velocities. Wrist proprioception was evaluated as active joint position sense (AJPS). To prevent visual input, all subjects wore eye masks during

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Mark Glaister, Colin Towey, Owen Jeffries, Daniel Muniz-Pumares, Paul Foley and Gillian McInnes

the torque factor utilized, the adoption of a pacing strategy masks any effect of caffeine on PPO and, as such, is likely to explain why previous research into the effects of caffeine on 30-second sprints has failed to find an effect. 3 – 8 Indeed, the adoption of subconscious pacing strategies in 30

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Nenad Ponorac, Mira Popović, Dea Karaba-Jakovljević, Zorislava Bajić, Aaron Scanlan, Emilija Stojanović and Dragan Radovanović

addition, as an acute-phase protein, serum ferritin may be increased by physical activity, inflammation, and disease, masking actual ID ( Malczewska et al., 2000a ). Nevertheless, ID is still regarded as one of the most widespread nutrient deficiencies affecting almost 50% of the global population