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Barıs Seven, Gamze Cobanoglu, Deran Oskay and Nevin Atalay-Guzel

concentric mode and at 90°/s eccentric mode. In addition, for each wrist, the peak torque rates for unilateral extension/flexion were calculated at both angular velocities. Wrist proprioception was evaluated as active joint position sense (AJPS). To prevent visual input, all subjects wore eye masks during

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Stacy N. Scott, Cary M. Springer, Jennifer F. Oody, Michael S. McClanahan, Brittany D. Wiseman, Tyler J. Kybartas and Dawn P. Coe

for gas flow and volume. Subjects were fitted with a Hans Rudolph (8900 series mask; Hans Rudolph Inc, Shawnee, KS) and vest containing the portable device. Two of the following criteria had to be met to determine if peak effort was achieved: (1) peak heart rate (HR peak ) ≥195 beats per minute; (2

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Casey Mace Firebaugh, Simon Moyes, Santosh Jatrana, Anna Rolleston and Ngaire Kerse

health among older people are limited by combining age and sex data of all ages over 65 years to increase the number of people and deaths in each group. Although such research has made a major contribution to literature, aggregating all ages over 65 years may mask significant differences or a possible

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Caroline Lisee, Tom Birchmeier, Arthur Yan, Brent Geers, Kaitlin O’Hagan, Callum Davis and Christopher Kuenze

assessments focus on bilateral landing tasks. 6 , 9 Although both single- and double-leg landings are important to consider, double-leg landing tasks often mask compensations that an individuals may use to protect or support the injured limb. Single-leg landing tasks demonstrate greater vGRF compared with

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Mark Glaister, Colin Towey, Owen Jeffries, Daniel Muniz-Pumares, Paul Foley and Gillian McInnes

the torque factor utilized, the adoption of a pacing strategy masks any effect of caffeine on PPO and, as such, is likely to explain why previous research into the effects of caffeine on 30-second sprints has failed to find an effect. 3 – 8 Indeed, the adoption of subconscious pacing strategies in 30

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Quinn Malone, Steven Passmore and Michele Maiers

the effect of different epoch times (increasing the epoch length tends to mask temporary dips in activity) on wear time, sedentary behavior, and physical activity, showing significant differences in all three with epoch length ( Banda et al., 2016 ). Finally, there is a need for a cut-point set

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

malnourished and engaging in unhealthy weight control practices. Athletic body types can elevate body mass index, one indicator of ED risk, and mask the outward appearance of poor nutrition. Eating disorders do not always immediately result in a decline in fitness and sport performance. Athletes may appear

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Cindy N. Nguyen, Reuben N. Clements, Lucas A. Porter, Nicole E. Clements, Matthew D. Gray, Dustin J. Killian and Russell T. Baker

which could mask impairment in a concussed individual. As is the case in most studies, multiple limitations were present in our study. We were unable to control for many factors including diet, sleep patterns, or activity levels of participants on testing days. While it is possible these issues could

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Howard N. Zelaznik

tasks. Our tasks capture what the human biological machinery can do, but often times masks what we naturally do. Perhaps by examining goal structures and timing processes, one can discover what humans naturally do to control movements. References Billon , M. , Semjen , A. , & Stelmach , G

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Kwok Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Dagmar Sigmundová, Lilly Augustine, Mariane Sentenac, Pauli Rintala and Jo Inchley

reporting on levels of PA, the practice used in this study was replicated from Sallis et al. ( 2016 ), which considered young people as active only if they achieved at least 60 min of MPVA daily, in line with current international policy recommendations. However, this may inadvertently mask differences