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Rosalie Coolkens, Phillip Ward, Jan Seghers and Peter Iserbyt

The World Health Organization together with the Institute of Medicine recommend at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for children and youth aged 5 to 17 years. 1 , 2 Results of the 2013/2014 cross-national Health Behavior in School-Aged Children study showed that 21

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Claudia O. Alberico, J. Aaron Hipp and Rodrigo S. Reis

. Logistic regression models were used to examine the chances of moderate to vigorous physical activities (MVPA) being observed compared with sedentary or light activities (reference), according to gender, day of the week, and neighborhood income. Analyses were conducted in Microsoft Excel 2011 (Redmond, WA

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Elaine Trudelle-Jackson, Emerenciana Hines, Ann Medley and Mary Thompson

-week intervention. Minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) used for data analysis were calculated as number of minutes of vigorous activity multiplied by 2 plus the number of minutes of moderate activity (MVPA min = vigorous min × 2 + moderate min). 22 Intervention The high

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Marie H. Murphy, Angela Carlin, Catherine Woods, Alan Nevill, Ciaran MacDonncha, Kyle Ferguson and Niamh Murphy

between physical activity and reduced symptoms of stress 23 , 24 and fewer reports of poor mental health. 24 Much of this has been in North American populations and focused on vigorous physical activity as opposed to health-enhancing moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Given the low

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Emily M. D’Agostino, Sophia E. Day, Kevin J. Konty, Michael Larkin, Subir Saha and Katarzyna Wyka

Research has shown that decreases in health-related fitness (fitness) may increase school absenteeism. 1 , 2 The fitness-physical activity association is well established, 3 including an improved cardiometabolic risk profile in youth who engage in moderate to vigorous physical activity daily. 4

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Kara C. Hamilton, Mark T. Richardson, Shanda McGraw, Teirdre Owens and John C. Higginbotham

to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) most days of the week, 3 but, nationwide, only 47% of children meet this guideline; and, in Alabama, only 43% of children meet it. 4 Moreover, studies have shown that underserved children who are of low socioeconomic status (SES) are even less physically active

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Phillip Post and Rebecca Palacios

Approximately three quarters of the children between 6 and 17 years of age are not meeting the recommended physical activity requirements of 60 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day ( Child & Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative, 2016 ). These low physical activity rates

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Marissa A. Kobayashi, Tae Kyoung Lee, Rafael O. Leite, Blanca Noriega Esquives, Guillermo Prado, Sarah E. Messiah and Sara M. St. George

understand whether, and to what extent, the effects of parental stress and family communication on adolescents’ PA varies by gender, particularly among Hispanic youth. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine: (1) the relationship between parental stress and adolescents’ moderate to vigorous

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Kazuhiro Harada, Hyuntae Park, Sangyoon Lee, Hiroyuki Shimada, Daisuke Yoshida, Yuya Anan and Takao Suzuki

This study examined associations between perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity among frail older adults and whether these associations are moderated by fear of falling. Participants were 238 frail older adults. Daily step counts and duration of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were measured using an accelerometer. Participants completed the abbreviated Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale; fear of falling and demographic and health-related factors were measured by a questionnaire. The interaction between crime safety and fear of falling was significantly associated with step count (p = .009) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (p = .018) in multiple regression analysis. Stratified according to fear of falling, crime safety was significantly associated with steps (p = .007) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (p = .030) in the low fear of falling group. The results suggest that crime safety is associated with physical activity among frail older adults, and this association is moderated by fear of falling.

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S.E. Barber, A. Forster and K.M. Birch

Background:

Physical activity is important for maintaining independence and quality of life in older people living in care homes. Little is known about patterns of physical activity or sedentary behavior in this population.

Methods:

Thirty-three care home residents (82.6 ± 9.2 years) wore an ActiGraph GTX3 accelerometer for seven days, which provided minutes of sedentary behavior and low, light, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Participants undertook the Mini-Mental State Examination and care staff reported activities of daily living (Barthel index) and functional ambulation classification (FAC) for each participant.

Results:

Participants spent on average 79% of their day sedentary, 14% in low, 6% in light, and 1% in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Activity levels did not significantly differ between days or hours of the day (P > .05).

Conclusion:

Levels of physical activity were very low and time being sedentary was high. This study can inform physical activity and sedentary behavior interventions for care homes’ residents.