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Marco Beato, Stuart A. McErlain-Naylor, Israel Halperin and Antonio Dello Iacono

JD , Pozzo M , Tesch PA . Resistance training using eccentric overload induces early adaptations in skeletal muscle size . Eur J Appl Physiol . 2008 ; 102 ( 3 ): 271 – 281 . PubMed ID: 17926060 doi:10.1007/s00421-007-0583-8 17926060 10.1007/s00421-007-0583-8 41. Vicens-Bordas J , Esteve

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Damien Moore, Adam I. Semciw, Jodie McClelland, Henry Wajswelner and Tania Pizzari

. Decreased whole muscle size of the GMin is known to occur before the larger overlaying gluteus medius in people with hip osteoarthritis 17 , 18 and lateral hip pain 19 illustrating its importance in normal hip joint health. However, targeted atrophy of the anterior GMin has been identified in aging 20

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Hyun Chul Jung, Myong Won Seo, Sukho Lee, Sung Woo Jung and Jong Kook Song

, including increased muscle size ( Sato et al., 2005 ), neuromuscular coordination ( Bischoff-Ferrari et al., 2004 ), improved immune system ( He et al., 2016 ), and anti-inflammatory response ( Choi et al., 2013 ). Nevertheless, the role of vitamin D on the performance outcomes is still unclear in athletic

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Leila Ahmadnezhad, Ali Yalfani and Behnam Gholami Borujeni

activity of the global muscles increases in some cases, and vice versa. 4 The incidence of multifidus muscle (MF) atrophy also results in a reduction in muscle size and an alteration in muscle contraction in those with CLBP. According to a previous study, impaired postural control may be due to reduced

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Justin J. Merrigan, James J. Tufano, Jonathan M. Oliver, Jason B. White, Jennifer B. Fields and Margaret T. Jones

instances, the objective of resistance training may include simultaneously focusing upon strength, hypertrophy, and power development. Furthermore, the combination of strength and power training seems to enhance performances in strength and power tasks for women. 25 However, since muscle size is a main

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Zachary M. Gillen, Lacey E. Jahn, Marni E. Shoemaker, Brianna D. McKay, Alegra I. Mendez, Nicholas A. Bohannon and Joel T. Cramer

of maturation on the relationship between muscle size and force production . Med Sci Sports Exerc . 2008 ; 40 ( 5 ): 918 – 925 . PubMed ID: 18408605 doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181641bed 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181641bed 18408605 39. Kluka V , Martin V , Vicencio SG , et al . Effect of muscle

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Amy R. Lewis, William S.P. Robertson, Elissa J. Phillips, Paul N. Grimshaw and Marc Portus

, these methods often do not report individual muscles. 28 Magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography can present more accurate measurements of muscle size; however, these are not always practically feasible. These methods are associated with considerable expense and operational costs, data

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Talin Louder, Dennis Dolny and Eadric Bressel

impact of advancing age on human skeletal muscle size and strength; a quantitative review . Front Physiol . 2012 ; 3 : 1 – 18 . doi:10.3389/fphys.2012.00260 10.3389/fphys.2012.00260 7. Srikanthan P , Karlamangla AS . Muscle mass index as a predictor of longevity in older adults . Am J Med

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Raúl Reina, Aitor Iturricastillo, Rafael Sabido, Maria Campayo-Piernas and Javier Yanci

.1016/S0004-9514(14)60183-5 8. Wiwanitkit V . Muscle size and strength in children with cerebral palsy . Disabil Rehabil . 2015 ; 37 ( 21 ): 2022 . PubMed doi:10.3109/09638288.2014.946155 10.3109/09638288.2014.946155 25066070 9. Damiano DL , Dodd K , Taylor NF . Should we be testing and

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Ece Acar, Tamer Çankaya and Serkan Öner

, T. , Misaki , J. , Tsuchikane , R. , Tanaka , D. , . . . Isaka , T. ( 2017 ). Applicability of ultrasonography for evaluating trunk muscle size: A pilot study . Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 29 ( 2 ), 245 – 249 . PubMed ID: 28265150 doi:10.1589/jpts.29.245 10.1589/jpts.29