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Adam Culiver, J. Craig Garrison, Kalyssa M. Creed, John E. Conway, Shiho Goto and Sherry Werner

conditions, then he was removed from data collection. Participants were enrolled in the study by an investigator in the outpatient sports medicine facility once they were confirmed to meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Participants provided written informed consent prior to collection of objective

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Lisa M. Barnett, David R. Lubans, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon and Nicola D. Ridgers

competencies from an early age ( Barnett, Stodden, et al., 2016 ). The strengths of this study include the objective measurement of fitness, skill competence and physical activity, and the alignment between the actual and perceived movement skills assessed. However, there are several limitations that warrant

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Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte and Maria Lucia Lebão

of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61 ( 4 ), 344 – 348 . PubMed doi:10.1136/jech.2006.050807 10.1136/jech.2006.050807 Arnardottir , N.Y. , Koster , A. , Van Domelen , D.R. , Brychta , R.J. , Caserotti , P. , Eiriksdottir , G. , … Sveinsson , T. ( 2013 ). Objective measurements of

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Stephanie Mazzucca, Cody Neshteruk, Regan Burney, Amber E. Vaughn, Derek Hales, Truls Østbye and Dianne Ward

the use of rigorous, objective measurements of child activity behaviors and direct observations of the FCCH environment. Measuring PA and SBs across 3 days may not fully represent usual behavior, although evidence suggests that it may be sufficient to capture in-school PA ( 1 ). In addition, this

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Scott E. Crouter, Paul R. Hibbing and Samuel R. LaMunion

is to improve measurement of the individual components of SB, with the goal of eventually developing streamlined methods for combining posture and EE measurement to adhere with the consensus definition of SB. To that end, this paper seeks to understand objective measurement of posture and EE as it

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Xiangli Gu, Senlin Chen and Xiaoxia Zhang

.1001/jama.2014.732 10.1001/jama.2014.732 Reilly , J.J. , Penpraze , V. , Hislop , J. , Davies , G. , Grant , S. , & Paton , J.Y. ( 2008 ). Objective measurement of physical activity and sedentary behaviour: Review with new data . Archives of Disease in Childhood, 93 ( 7 ): 614 – 619 . PubMed

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Melinda Forthofer, Marsha Dowda, Jennifer R. O’Neill, Cheryl L. Addy, Samantha McDonald, Lauren Reid and Russell R. Pate

effects of gender and psychosocial factors on changes in PA over time, with a representative sample of children and objectively measured PA. This analysis used data from a prospective cohort study of changes in PA with objective measurement of PA to consider gender differences in changes in PA in a

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Ana Torres-Costoso, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Asunción Ferri-Morales, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaino and Luis Gracia-Marco

wrist accelerometers (GENEActiv; GENEA, Kimbolton, UK). Accelerometer is a sensor capable of measuring PA, providing objective measurements. The validity and reliability of the accelerometer have been established previously in children and adolescents ( 20 ). Participants were instructed to place the

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Ignacio Perez-Pozuelo, Thomas White, Kate Westgate, Katrien Wijndaele, Nicholas J. Wareham and Soren Brage

Wrist-worn accelerometry has become a feasible option for the objective measurement of physical activity in large-scale epidemiological studies, such as Pelotas birth cohorts, the UK Biobank, and Whitehall II ( da Silva et al., 2014 ; Doherty et al., 2017 ; Menai et al., 2017 ). Additionally

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Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo, María del Mar Bibiloni, Gonzalo Palacios, Antoni Sureda, Agustín Meléndez-Ortega, Josep Antoni Tur Marí and Marcela González-Gross

Although both terms are closely related, they should not be treated as synonyms. 7 PA is defined as any body movement performed by muscle action that increases energy expenditure. 8 PA can be quantified by intensity, duration, or frequency, using subjective or objective measurements. Moreover, PA volume